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Aliprantis  C.D.  Cornet  B.  Tourky  R. 《Positivity》2002,6(3):205-241
Mathematical economics has a long history and covers many interdisciplinary areas between mathematics and economics. At its center lies the theory of market equilibrium. The purpose of this expository article is to introduce mathematicians to price decentralization in general equilibrium theory. In particular, it concentrates on the role of positivity in the theory of convex economic analysis and the role of normal cones in the theory of non-convex economies.  相似文献   
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Abramovich  Y. A.  Aliprantis  C. D.  Burkinshaw  O. 《Positivity》1997,1(2):171-180
During the last few years the authors have studied extensively the invariant subspace problem of positive operators; see [6] for a survey of this investigation. In [4] the authors introduced the class of compact-friendly operators and proved for them a general theorem on the existence of invariant subspaces. It was then asked if every positive operator is compact-friendly. In this note, we present an example of a positive operator which is not compact-friendly but which, nevertheless, has a non-trivial closed invariant subspace.In the process of presenting this example, we also characterize the multiplication operators that commute with non-zero finite-rank operators. We show, among other things, that a multiplication operator M commutes with a non-zero finite-rank operator if and only the multiplier function is constant on some non-empty open set.  相似文献   
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A Krein operator is a positive operator, acting on a partially ordered Banach space, that carries positive elements to strong units. The purpose of this paper is to present a survey of the remarkable spectral properties (most of which were established by M.G. Krein) of these operators. The proofs presented here seem to be simpler than the ones existing in the literature. Some new results are also obtained. For instance, it is shown that every positive operator on a Krein space which is not a multiple of the identity operator has a nontrivial hyperinvariant subspace. Dedicated to the memory of M.G. Krein (1907–1989)  相似文献   
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A classical theorem of F. Riesz and L. V. Kantorovich asserts that if is a vector lattice and and are order bounded linear functionals on , then their supremum (least upper bound) exists in and for each it satisfies the so-called Riesz-Kantorovich formula:


Related to the Riesz-Kantorovich formula is the following long-standing problem: If the supremum of two order bounded linear functionals and on an ordered vector space exists, does it then satisfy the Riesz-Kantorovich formula?

In this paper, we introduce an extension of the order dual of an ordered vector space and provide some answers to this long-standing problem. The ideas regarding the Riesz-Kantorovich formula owe their origins to the study of the fundamental theorems of welfare economics and the existence of competitive equilibrium. The techniques introduced here show that the existence of decentralizing prices for efficient allocations is closely related to the above-mentioned problem and to the properties of the Riesz-Kantorovich formula.

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