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1.
现有的基于磁共振测量的嗅觉刺激器,通过调节嗅剂液体浓度的方法可以实现不同浓度的嗅觉刺激,但随着实验进行,受到嗅剂挥发以及实验环境(温度、湿度、气流量)变化的影响,很难确保输送至鼻腔的嗅剂气体浓度的稳定性,进而影响实验结果的准确性.本研究对本实验室前期开发的嗅觉刺激装置进行改进,实现了气体浓度精确定量.改进后的嗅觉刺激器主要分为三个部分:控制系统、反馈系统和气路系统.控制系统主要实现气路系统的送气控制和嗅剂气体浓度调节;反馈系统则负责对气体浓度进行测量;气路系统则在原有基础上添加活性炭装置,降低无关因素干扰.装置改进之后,不同气路切换时间为75.2 ms,比原装置减少了1 s,有效提高刺激精度.实验结果显示,气体浓度调节前,300 s内乙醇、吡啶、乙酸戊酯嗅剂气体浓度分别下降6.7%、71.4%、79.2%,嗅剂气体浓度短时间内发生较大改变.加入气体浓度调节功能后,当气体浓度下降至目标浓度的90%时,可通过调节气泵电压改变嗅剂气流与空气气流比例,从而调节嗅剂气体浓度至目标值,其中吡啶、乙酸戊酯用时13 s.  相似文献   
2.
Zilu Cao 《中国物理 B》2022,31(11):118701-118701
Although the significant roles of magnetic induction and electromagnetic radiation in the neural system have been widely studied, their influence on Parkinson's disease (PD) has yet to be well explored. By virtue of the magnetic flux variable, this paper studies the transition of firing patterns induced by magnetic induction and the regulation effect of external magnetic radiation on the firing activities of the subthalamopallidal network in basal ganglia. We find: (i) The network reproduces five typical waveforms corresponding to the severity of symptoms: weak cluster, episodic, continuous cluster, episodic, and continuous wave. (ii) Magnetic induction is a double-edged sword for the treatment of PD. Although the increase of magnetic coefficient may lead the physiological firing activity to transfer to pathological firing activity, it also can regulate the pathological intensity firing activity with excessive β-band power transferring to the physiological firing pattern with weak β-band power. (iii) External magnetic radiation could inhibit continuous tremulous firing and β-band power of subthalamic nucleus (STN), which means the severity of symptoms weakened. Especially, the bi-parameter plane of the regulation region shows that a short pulse period of magnetic radiation and a medium level of pulse percentage can well regulate pathological oscillation. This work helps to understand the firing activity of the subthalamopallidal network under electromagnetic effect. It may also provide insights into the mechanisms behind the electromagnetic therapy of PD-related firing activity.  相似文献   
3.
Although both ultraviolet (UV) radiation and ultrasound (US) treatment have their capabilities in microbial inactivation, applying any one method alone may require a high dose for complete inactivation, which may affect the sensory and nutritional properties of pineapple juice. Hence, this study was intended to analyse and optimise the effect of combined US and UV treatments on microbial inactivation without affecting the selected quality parameters of pineapple juice. US treatment (33 kHz) was done at three different time intervals, viz. 10 min, 20 min and 30 min., after which, juice samples were subjected to UV treatment for 10 min at three UV dosage levels, viz. 1 J/cm2, 1.3 J/cm2, and 1.6 J/cm2. The samples were evaluated for total colour difference, pH, total soluble solids (TSS), titrable acidity (TA), and ascorbic acid content; total bacterial count and total yeast count; and the standardization of process parameters was done using Response Surface Methodology and Artificial Neural Network. The results showed that the individual, as well as combined treatments, did not significantly impact the physicochemical properties while retaining the quality characteristics. It was observed that combined treatment resulted in 5 log cycle reduction in bacterial and yeast populations while the individual treatment failed. From the optimization studies, it was found that combined US and UV treatments with 22.95 min and1.577 J/cm2 ensured a microbiologically safe product while retaining organoleptic quality close to that of fresh juice.  相似文献   
4.
《印度化学会志》2022,99(11):100754
Naked-eye colored chemo dosimeter based on vanilline based conjugated sensor was synthesized and characterized. The main point of this paper is that the solvent also affects on selectivity of metals. Vanilline based conjugate sensor exhibited high selectivity and sensitivity for detection of Ferric ions (Fe+3) in all (both polar and nonpolar) solvents according to absorbance which can be observed by naked eye. The selectivity was more prominent in nonpolar or less polar solvent due to solubility factor of ions and sensor but not for polar. The detection of limit of the synthesized probes was shown up to 0.84 ppm. The dielectric constant of solvents affected on the complex formation of ligand with transition metal ions. A filter paper strip system was used for rapid monitoring of detection by color variation.  相似文献   
5.
弛豫铁电单晶Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3-PbTiO3(PIN-PT)相较于常用的Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3(PMN-PT)具有更高的居里温度,在高稳定性、高性能的传感器、换能器方面具有应用前景。本工作采用谐振法研究了[001]方向极化的0.66PIN-0.34PT铁电单晶的全矩阵机电性能参数。0.66PIN-0.34PT 单晶的三方-四方相变温度(TRT)约为160 ℃,居里温度(TC)约为260 ℃,室温压电系数d33d31d15分别为1 340 pC/N、-780 pC/N、321 pC/N,介电常数εT33、εS33、εT11、εS11分别为2 700、905、2 210、1 927,机电耦合系数 k33k31k15kt分别为 87%、58%、38%、61%。其纵向压电常数(d33)和纵向机电耦合系数(k33)小于 PMN-PT 单晶,但是横向压电性能(d31)和剪切压电性能(d15)都略高于PMN-PT单晶。另外,研究了机电耦合性能随温度的变化趋势,发现0.66PIN-0.34PT单晶在150 ℃以下有较好的温度稳定性。  相似文献   
6.
Weijin Li 《中国物理 B》2022,31(8):80503-080503
Aiming at training the feed-forward threshold neural network consisting of nondifferentiable activation functions, the approach of noise injection forms a stochastic resonance based threshold network that can be optimized by various gradient-based optimizers. The introduction of injected noise extends the noise level into the parameter space of the designed threshold network, but leads to a highly non-convex optimization landscape of the loss function. Thus, the hyperparameter on-line learning procedure with respective to network weights and noise levels becomes of challenge. It is shown that the Adam optimizer, as an adaptive variant of stochastic gradient descent, manifests its superior learning ability in training the stochastic resonance based threshold network effectively. Experimental results demonstrate the significant improvement of performance of the designed threshold network trained by the Adam optimizer for function approximation and image classification.  相似文献   
7.
随着供热计量系统的普及,系统可以根据负荷的变化进行调整,管网的阻力系数随即发生变化。对变动阻力系数进行优化辨识是了解供热管网实时运行状况的有效手段。提出一种基于流量监测数据的供热管网变动阻力系数优化辨识方法,并利用遗传算法进行求解。对洛阳市某小区供暖季管网实际运行数据进行验证,辨识结果的相对误差在5%以内。结果表明:该方法可以在只有流量观测数据时得到精度较高的供热管网变动阻力系数,为供热系统的运行调节提供指导。  相似文献   
8.
Chengwei Deng 《中国物理 B》2022,31(11):118702-118702
RNAs play crucial and versatile roles in cellular biochemical reactions. Since experimental approaches of determining their three-dimensional (3D) structures are costly and less efficient, it is greatly advantageous to develop computational methods to predict RNA 3D structures. For these methods, designing a model or scoring function for structure quality assessment is an essential step but this step poses challenges. In this study, we designed and trained a deep learning model to tackle this problem. The model was based on a graph convolutional network (GCN) and named RNAGCN. The model provided a natural way of representing RNA structures, avoided complex algorithms to preserve atomic rotational equivalence, and was capable of extracting features automatically out of structural patterns. Testing results on two datasets convincingly demonstrated that RNAGCN performs similarly to or better than four leading scoring functions. Our approach provides an alternative way of RNA tertiary structure assessment and may facilitate RNA structure predictions. RNAGCN can be downloaded from https://gitee.com/dcw-RNAGCN/rnagcn.  相似文献   
9.
在机场网络中单个机场节点的失效往往会对其他的节点产生影响,特别是关键节点的失效会波及整个网络.准确客观的识别重要节点机场关乎整个机场网络的安全运营.本文分析了机场网络拓扑特性中的度、集聚系数和接近度指标,考虑了机场旅客吞吐量和所在城市人口等交通经济特性指标,使用熵权法确定权重的基础上,应用TOPSIS法构建综合评价体系模型,最后以华东地区机场网络为例进行节点重要度排序.结果表明与单一指标的评估结果相比,该方法更加全面客观的确定不同属性指标的权重,避免了不同指标取值的差异性,使评价更加全面,更符合机场网络实际运营情况.  相似文献   
10.
Tianqi Li 《中国物理 B》2022,31(12):124208-124208
An aluminum (Al) based nearly guided-wave surface plasmon resonance (NGWSPR) sensor is investigated in the far-ultraviolet (FUV) region. By simultaneously optimizing the thickness of Al and dielectric films, the sensitivity of the optimized Al-based FUV-NGWSPR sensor increases from 183°/RIU to 309°/RIU, and its figure of merit rises from 26.47 RIU-1 to 32.59 RIU-1 when the refractive index of dielectric increases from 2 to 5. Compared with a traditional FUV-SPR sensor without dielectric, the optimized FUV-NGWSPR sensor can realize simultaneous improvement of sensitivity and figure of merit. In addition, the FUV-NGWSPR sensor with realistic materials (diamond, Ta2O5, and GaN) is also investigated, and 137.84%, 52.70%, and 41.89% sensitivity improvements are achieved respectively. This work proposes a method for performance improvement of FUV-SPR sensors by exciting nearly guided-wave, and could be helpful for the high-performance SPR sensor in the short-wavelength region.  相似文献   
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