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1.
There are marine cytotoxic bromotriterpenoids, named the thyrsiferol family that are structurally characterized by some tetrahydropyran (THP) and tetrahydrofuran (THF) rings. The thyrsiferol family belongs to natural products that are often difficult to determine their stereostructures even by the current, highly advanced spectroscopic methods, especially in acyclic systems including stereogenic tetrasubstituted carbon centers. In such cases, it is effective to predict and synthesize the possible stereostructures. Herein, to elucidate ambiguous stereostructures and unassigned absolute configurations of aplysiol B, laurenmariannol, and saiyacenol A, members of the thyrsiferol family, we carried out their asymmetric chemical syntheses featuring 6-exo and 5-exo oxacyclizations of epoxy alcohol precursors and 6-endo bromoetherification of a bishomoallylic alcohol. In this paper, we report total assignments of their stereostructures through their asymmetric chemical syntheses and also their preliminary cytotoxic activities against some tumor cells. These results could not have been achieved without depending on asymmetric total synthesis.  相似文献   
2.
Natural products with a variety of pharmacological effects are important sources for commercial drugs, and it is very crucial to develop effective techniques to selectively extract and isolate bioactive natural components from the plants against the background of sustainable development. Ionic liquids (ILs) are a kind of designable material with unique physicochemical properties, including good thermal stability, negligible vapor pressure, good solvation ability, etc. ILs have already been used in pharmaceuticals for extraction, purification, drug delivery, etc. It has been reported that multi-interactions, like hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic interactions, play important roles in the extraction of bioactive components from the plants. In this review, recent progress in the understanding of scientific essence of hydrogen bonding, the special interaction, in ILs was summarized. The extraction of various natural products, one important area in pharmaceutical, by conventional and functional ILs as well as the specific roles of multi-interactions in this process were also reviewed. Moreover, problems existing in bioactive compound extraction by ILs and the future developing trends of this area are given, which might be helpful for scientists, especially beginners, in this field.  相似文献   
3.
Knowledge of the vibrational properties of nanoparticles is of fundamental interest since it is a signature of their morphology, and it can be utilized to characterize their physical properties. In addition, the vibration characteristics of the nanoparticles coupled with surrounding media and subjected to magnetic field are of recent interest. This paper develops an analytical approach to study the radial breathing-mode frequency of elastically confined spherical nanoparticles subjected to magnetic field. Based on Maxwell's equations, the nonlocal differential equation of radial motion is derived in terms of radial displacement and Lorentz's force. Bessel functions are used to obtain a frequency equation. The model is justified by a good agreement between the results given by the present model and available experimental and atomic simulation data. Furthermore, the model is used to elucidate the effect of nanoparticle size, the magnetic field and the stiffness of the elastic medium on the radial breathing-mode frequencies of several nanoparticles. Our results reveal that the effects of the magnetic field and the elastic medium are significant for nanoparticle with small size.  相似文献   
4.
二氧化钒薄膜的低温制备及其性能研究   总被引:12,自引:0,他引:12       下载免费PDF全文
针对VO2薄膜在微测辐射热计上的应用,采用射频反应溅射法,在室温下制备氧化钒薄膜;研究了氧分压对薄膜沉积速率、电学性质及成分的影响.通过调节氧分压,先获得成分接近VO2的非晶化薄膜,再在400℃空气中氧化退火,便可制得高电阻温度系数,低电阻率的VO2薄膜,电阻温度系数约为-4%/℃,薄膜方块电阻为R为100—300kΩ;薄膜在室温下沉积,400℃下退火的制备方法与微机电加工(micro electromechanic 关键词: 二氧化钒 电阻温度系数 氧分压 射频反应溅射法  相似文献   
5.
宋艳丽 《物理学报》2006,55(12):6482-6487
为了描述复杂的噪声环境,考虑了一种具有频率结构的噪声——简谐速度噪声,包括它的产生、关联函数、功率谱以及作为热噪声时的频率特性所导致的一些行为.结果表明:在频谱空间中简谐速度噪声是一种带通噪声,存在一个峰值频率,且噪声带宽由参量Γ控制.当简谐势中的一个布朗粒子受热简谐速度噪声驱动时,粒子能量极大值出现在两种频率相等的情况下.这表明噪声和势场的频率之间存在动力学共振,决定着粒子能量的大小. 关键词: 简谐噪声 简谐速度噪声 功率谱 频率共振  相似文献   
6.
超声光栅实验及其多普勒频移的一种简单研究方法   总被引:5,自引:4,他引:1  
采用光子学方法,对超声光栅衍射实验和实验中出现的多普勒频移现象进行了研究,所得结论与采用光的波动性观点的惠更斯-菲涅耳原理及傅里叶变换等常规方法相同.该方法进一步加深了对衍射的本质和光的粒子性的理解并对光子的信息传递能力有初步的认识.  相似文献   
7.
用能量法求多自由度振动系统的角频率   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
陈钢  阮中中 《物理与工程》2006,16(4):17-19,28
利用简谐振动能量方程,通过分析振幅矢量的关系,用能量法求多自由度振动系统的角频率或简正振动频率。  相似文献   
8.
Modification of the visual appearance when a rough surface is covered by a varnish is mostly attributed to the levelling of the substrate surface, which depends on the molecular weight of the varnish. The topography of varnished surfaces, however, has never been measured directly. Surfaces of varnishes applied over glass substrates of varying roughness were studied, therefore, using mechanical profilometry. Two different varnishes made with a low and a high molecular weight resin were studied. Both varnishes lower the r.m.s. roughness of the substrates and filter the high spatial frequencies. These results are amplified for the varnish containing the low molecular weight resin. The light reflected by the varnished samples is modelled from these topographical data. Its angular distribution, calculated from the probability density of slopes is presented, taking into account separately the air/varnish and the varnish/substrate interfaces. These analyses are presented in a back-scattering configuration. They show that varnishing significantly reduces the angular width of the reflected light and that this effect is magnified for the low molecular weight resin. Modelling furthermore shows that the influence of the roughness of the varnish/substrate interface is negligible in the total reflected light.  相似文献   
9.
In this work, the natural convection in a concentric annulus between a cold outer square cylinder and a heated inner circular cylinder is simulated using the differential quadrature (DQ) method. The vorticity‐stream function formulation is used as the governing equation, and the coordinate transformation technique is introduced in the DQ computation. It is shown in this paper that the outer square boundary can be approximated by a super elliptic function. As a result, the coordinate transformation from the physical domain to the computational domain is set up by an analytical expression, and all the geometrical parameters can be computed exactly. Numerical results for Rayleigh numbers range from 104 to 106 and aspect ratios between 1.67 and 5.0 are presented, which are in a good agreement with available data in the literature. It is found that both the aspect ratio and the Rayleigh number are critical to the patterns of flow and thermal fields. The present study suggests that a critical aspect ratio may exist at high Rayleigh number to distinguish the flow and thermal patterns. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
10.
A novel scheme for all-optical frequency multiplication/recovery based on a semiconductor optical amplifier ring cavity is proposed and investigated numerically. The results show, for a 2.5 GHz driving pulse train, it can be generated 5-25 GHz repetition rate pulse trains with low clock amplitude jitter, polarization independence and high peak power. Furthermore, the extraction of the clock signal from a pseudorandom bit sequence signal can be realized based on the proposed scheme.  相似文献   
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