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**排序方式：**共有10000条查询结果，搜索用时 15 毫秒

1.

《Physics letters. A》2019,383(17):2090-2092

In this paper, we have used Monte Carlo (MC) method to simulate and study the temperature and doping effects on the electric conductivity of fullerene (C60). The results show that the band gap has reduced by the doping and the charge carrier transport is facilitated from valence band to conduction band by the temperature where is touched a 300 K. In this case, the conductivity reached a value of $4\times {10}^{-7}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{S}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\text{cm}}^{-1}$. The electric conductivity of C60 can increase by the triphenylmethane dye crystal violet (CV) alkali metal to reach $4\times {10}^{-3}\phantom{\rule{0.25em}{0ex}}\text{S}\phantom{\rule{0.2em}{0ex}}{\text{cm}}^{-1}$ at 303 K. Our results of MC simulation have a good agreement with those extracted from literature [10], [33]. 相似文献

2.

The γ

_{cmc}values of CTAB-SDS decrease from 63.67 mN/m at 10‡C to 36.38 mN/m at 90‡C, slightly lower than those of either CTAB or SDS. Correspondingly, the CMC of CTAB-SDS decreases almost by half. The increase of surface activity of CTAB-SDS can be attributed to the relatively weak electrostatic interaction at high temperature, which is supported by the increase of solubility of CTAB-SDS with rise in temperature. Catalytic effect on oxidation of toluene derivatives with potassium permanganate follows the order CTAB-SDS > SDS > CTAB. This is not caused by the dissociative effect of CTAB-SDS with low surface activity at low temperature, as seen from the fact that almost all oxidative products can be retrieved for different toluene derivatives and surfactants by mimicking the conditions of reaction. In the emulsifications of toluene derivatives at 90‡C, the time that turbid water layers of surfactant solutions take to become clear is the same as that of the catalytic effect on oxidation of toluene derivatives. Thus, it can be inferred that surfactants can improve the oxidation yields of toluene derivatives by increasing the contact between two reacting phases. 相似文献3.

A simple scheme is developed for treatment of vertical bed topography in shallow water flows. The effect of the vertical step on flows is modelled with the shallow water equations including local energy loss terms. The bed elevation is denoted with

*z*_{b}^{‐}for the left and*z*_{b}^{+}for the right values at each grid point, hence exactly representing a discontinuity in the bed topography. The surface gradient method (SGM) is generalized to reconstruct water depths at cell interfaces involving a vertical step so that the fluxes at the cell interfaces can accurately be calculated with a Riemann solver. The scheme is verified by predicting a surge crossing a step, a tidal flow over a step and dam‐break flows on wet/dry beds. The results have shown good agreements compared with analytical solutions and available experimental data. The scheme is efficient, robust, and may be used for practical flow calculations. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 相似文献4.

William J. Reed 《Natural Resource Modeling》1989,3(4):463-480

It is assumed that the probability of destruction of a biological asset by natural hazards can be reduced through investment in protection. Specifically a model, in which the hazard rate depends on both the age of the asset and the accumulated invested protection capital, is assumed. The protection capital depreciates through time and its effectiveness in reducing the hazard rate is subject to diminishing returns. It is shown how the investment schedule to maximize the expected net present value of the asset can be determined using the methods of deterministic optimal control, with the survival probability regarded as a state variable. The optimal investment pattern involves “bang-bang-singular” control. A numerical scheme for determining jointly the optimal investment policy and the optimal harvest (or replacement) age is outlined and a numerical example involving forest fire protection is given. 相似文献

5.

D. Yafaev 《Proceedings Mathematical Sciences》2002,112(1):245-255

We find an explicit function approximating at high energies the kernel of the scattering matrix with arbitrary accuracy. Moreover,
the same function gives all diagonal singularities of the kernel of the scattering matrix in the angular variables.
This paper is dedicated to Jean-Michel Combes on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. 相似文献

6.

The semi‐iterative method (SIM) is applied to the hyper‐power (HP) iteration, and necessary and sufficient conditions are given for the convergence of the semi‐iterative–hyper‐power (SIM–HP) iteration. The root convergence rate is computed for both the HP and SIM–HP methods, and the quotient convergence rate is given for the HP iteration. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 相似文献

7.

Anuj Mittal Swaminathan Sivaram 《Journal of polymer science. Part A, Polymer chemistry》2005,43(21):4996-5008

A tridentate ligand, BPIEP: 2,6‐bis[1‐(2,6‐diisopropyl phenylimino) ethyl] pyridine, having central pyridine unit and two peripheral imine coordination sites was effectively employed in controlled/“living” radical polymerization of MMA at 90°C in toluene as solvent, Cu

^{I}Br as catalyst, and ethyl‐2‐bromoisobutyrate (EB*i*B) as initiator resulting in well‐defined polymers with polydispersities*M*_{w}/*M*_{n}≤ 1.23. The rate of polymerization follows first‐order kinetics,*k*_{app}= 3.4 × 10^{?5}s^{?1}, indicating the presence of low radical concentration ([P*] ≤ 10^{?8}) throughout the reaction. The polymerization rate attains a maximum at a ligand‐to‐metal ratio of 2:1 in toluene at 90°C. The solvent concentration (v/v, with respect to monomer) has a significant effect on the polymerization kinetics. The polymerization is faster in polar solvents like, diphenylether, and anisole, as compared to toluene. Increasing the monomer concentration in toluene resulted in a better control of polymerization. The molecular weights (*M*_{n,SEC}) increased linearly with conversion and were found to be higher than predicted molecular (*M*_{n,Cal}). However, the polydispersity remained narrow,*i.e*., ≤1.23. The initiator efficiency at lower monomer concentration approaches a value of 0.7 in 110 min as compared to 0.5 in 330 min at higher monomer concentration. The aging of the copper salt complexed with BPIEP had a beneficial effect and resulted in polymers with narrow polydispersitities and higher conversion. PMMA obtained at room temperature in toluene (33%, v/v) gave PDI of 1.22 (*M*_{n}= 8500) in 48 h whereas, at 50°C the PDI is 1.18 (*M*_{n}= 10,300), which is achieved in 23 h. The plot of ln*k*_{app}versus 1/*T*gave an apparent activation energy of polymerization as (Δ*E*^{≠}_{app}) 58.29 KJ/mol and enthalpy of equilibrium (Δ*H*^{0}_{eq}) to 28.8 KJ/mol. Reverse ATRP of MMA was successfully performed using AIBN in bulk as well as solution. The controlled nature of the polymerization reaction was established through kinetic studies and chain extension experiments. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 43: 4996–5008, 2005 相似文献8.

Hiroto Kudo Nobuhito Ito Keiji Nakajima Masami Ochiai Tadatomi Nishikubo 《Journal of polymer science. Part A, Polymer chemistry》2007,45(19):4421-4429

The polyaddition of fluorine‐containing bis(epoxide)s and fluorine‐containing triazine di(aryl ether)s were examined to give the corresponding fluorine‐containing poly(cyanurate)s. It was observed that the synthesized fluoropolymers had good thermal stabilities and good film‐forming properties. The glass transition temperatures (

*T*_{g}'s) and refractive‐indices (*n*_{D}'s) of synthesized polymers were determined by differential scanning calorimetry and ellipsometry, respectively, and it was found that the values of*T*_{g}'s and*n*_{D}'s were supported by their fluorine containing ratios and skeletons. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 45: 4421–4429, 2007 相似文献9.

Ana Luísa Daniel‐da‐Silva João Carlos Moura Bordado José Miguel Martín‐Martínez 《Journal of Polymer Science.Polymer Physics》2007,45(22):3034-3045

The degree of phase separation in several moisture‐cured poly(urethane urea)s (PUUs) was studied by FTIR spectroscopy, wide angle X‐ray diffraction (WAXD), and temperature‐modulated differential scanning calorimetry (TMDSC). This latter technique was shown to be particularly useful in analysing the degree of phase separation in PUU polymers. Both phase mixing and phase segregation coexisted in the PUUs and the degree of phase separation increased as the urea hard segment (HS) content in the PUU increased. The maximum solubility of urea HSs into the polyol soft segments (SSs) was achieved for 50 wt % urea HS content in diol‐based PUUs, whereas for triol‐based PUUs the highest solubility between HS and SS was reached for lower urea HS amount. Finally, the higher the urea HS content the higher the extent of phase separation in the PUU. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 45: 3034–3045, 2007 相似文献

10.

ZHANG LUMING 《应用数学学报》2005,(1)

本文首先分析线性Schrodinger方程一种高阶差分格式的构造方法,得到方程的耗散项.在此基础上对三次非线性Schrodinger方程,提出了一种精度为O(r2 h2)的差分格式,证明了该格式保持了连续方程的两个守恒量,且是收敛的与稳定的.并通过数值例子与已有隐格式进行了比较,结果表明,本文格式在计算量类似的情况下,提高了数值精度. 相似文献