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1.
提出一种两步优化策略,以加筋板结构的固有频率最大化为目标函数,以结构所受外载荷作用的最大静变形为约束条件,开展薄板结构加筋构件的布局优化设计研究。为了降低加筋布局优化的难度,提高优化设计的效率,将加筋等效为一系列弹性铰(点)支撑,以便快速获得加筋横向移动的灵敏度信息。在基本不改变结构重量的情形下,通过合理布局加筋位置,能显著改善结构的刚度分布,提高结构的整体承载能力。随后,小幅调整加筋的截面尺寸,以满足对结构最大变形的设计要求。最后,用两个算例验证了所提优化方法的可行性和有效性。  相似文献   
2.
A composite system of Fe3O4 nanoparticle-doped chiral nematic liquid crystals (N*LC) with flexible display performance was proposed. Fe3O4 nanoparticle and the nanoparticle-doped N*LC composite were detailed prepared and investigated. The influence of nanoparticle doping amount and chiral compound content on the magnetic performance as well as electrical performance of the flexible device had been studied in detail. The most suitable N*LC composites for magnetic-driven display had been found. With the characteristics of simple preparation, good stability and high resolution, the Fe3O4 nanoparticle-doped N*LCs had promising applications for power-free magnetic-driven flexible LC paper or display board.  相似文献   
3.
We consider the Griffith fracture model in two spatial dimensions, and prove existence of strong minimizers, with closed jump set and continuously differentiable deformation fields. One key ingredient, which is the object of the present paper, is a generalization to the vectorial situation of the decay estimate by De Giorgi, Carriero, and Leaci. This is based on replacing the coarea formula by a method to approximate SBDp functions with small jump set by Sobolev functions, and is restricted to two dimensions. The other two ingredients will appear in companion papers and consist respectively in regularity results for vectorial elliptic problems of the elasticity type and in a method to approximate in energy GSBDp functions by SBVp ones.  相似文献   
4.
流动环是一款魔术玩具,具有丰富的力学行为。制作流动环时应用了预应力储存技术,使得环内部储存了弹性弯曲变形能。一经外界扰动,流动环会迅速张开,进入一种新的稳定平衡状态;若给张开的流体环输入某种形式的能量,环会合拢,恢复原有的稳定平衡状态。本文从能量的角度对流动环张开与合拢等现象进行力学分析。  相似文献   
5.
Flexible lithium/sulfur (Li/S) batteries are promising to meet the emerging power demand for flexible electronic devices. The key challenge for a flexible Li/S battery is to design a cathode with excellent electrochemical performance and mechanical flexibility. In this work, a flexible strap-like Li/S battery based on a S@carbon nanotube/Pt@carbon nanotube hybrid film cathode was designed. It delivers a specific capacity of 1145 mAh g−1 at the first cycle and retains a specific capacity of 822 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles. Moreover, the flexible Li/S battery retains stabile specific capacity and Coulombic efficiency even under severe bending conditions. As a demonstration of practical applications, an LED array is shown stably powered by the flexible Li/S battery under flattened and bent states. We also use the strap-like flexible Li/S battery as a real strap for a watch, which at the same time provides a reliable power supply to the watch.  相似文献   
6.
Cold tube drawing is a metal forming process that allows manufacturers to produce high-precision tubes. The dimensions of the tube are reduced by pulling it through a conical converging die with or without inner tool. In this study, finite element modelling has been used to give a better understanding of the process.This paper presents a model that predicts the final dimensions of the tube with very high accuracy. It is validated thanks to experimental tests. Moreover, five studies are performed with this model, such as investigating the influence of the die angle on the drawing force or the influence of relative thickness on tube deformation.  相似文献   
7.
The low-cost, high specific surface area and porosity, controlled pore size, and chemical properties of metal–organic framework (MOF) materials have attracted much attention in the exploration of proton conduction. The method of chemically modifying MOF structures or introducing conductive medium into the holes can effectively improve the proton conductivities of the materials. Here, the structural tunability of ionic liquid (IL) and flexible MOF (fle-MOF) materials are matched to give full play to the conductivity of IL, the framework support, and the microporous effect of MOFs, which achieves the synergistic effect of performance and expands the temperature range of proton transfer. Three kinds of CS/IL@fle-MOF membranes were prepared by combining three fle-MOFs with 1-carboxymethyl-3-methylimidazole (CMMIM) in different proportions to obtain 15 pieces of membranes. The comparative analyses show that CS/IL@fle-MOF membranes have excellent proton conduction performance at a wider temperature range (263–353 K) and lower relative humidity (75% RH). Among them, the proton conductivities of CS/CMMIM@MIL-88A-25% and CS/CMMIM@MIL-88B-125% are up to 1.33 and 1.42 S cm−1 at 75% RH and 353 K, respectively; whereas those of CS/CMMIM@MIL-53(Fe)-75% and CS/CMMIM@MIL-88B-125% reach up to 2.1 × 10−3 and 1.28 × 10−3 S cm−1 at 75% RH and 263 K, respectively. The Ea of CS/CMMIM@fle-MOFs is in the range of 0.1–0.5 eV, suggesting that the proton transport follows predominantly the typical Grotthuss transfer mechanism. The results of this study indicate that the CS/CMMIM@fle-MOF membranes combinations offer great potential for the design of composite porous proton-conducting materials.  相似文献   
8.
两端铰接的细长柔性圆柱体涡激振动响应特性数值研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
高云  邹丽  宗智 《力学学报》2018,50(1):9-20
目前细长柔性圆柱体涡激振动响应的研究方法主要包括实验方法、计算流体动力学方法以及半经验模型方法. 鉴于实验方法研究成本较高、计算流体动力学方法计算时间较长,本文基于尾流振子模型对线性剪切来流下两端铰接的细长柔性圆柱体涡激振动响应特性进行了半经验模型方法研究. 先建立了柔性圆柱体结构振子以及尾流振子之间的耦合模型,紧接着基于二阶精度中心差分格式对耦合模型先离散后迭代进行求解. 对不同剪切参数下柔性圆柱体涡激振动响应的振动波长、振动频率、振动位移以及响应频率随时间的变化特性等参数进行了分析. 分析结果表明:圆柱体的涡激振动响应由驻波和行波混合组成. 当无量纲弯曲刚度较小时,在圆柱体两端附近,驻波占主导;而在圆柱体中间段附近,行波占主导. 当无量纲弯曲刚度较大时,在圆柱体整个长度区间上均为驻波占主导. 随着剪切参数的增大,振动位移以及振动波长均逐渐减小,而振动频率和频率带宽均逐渐增大.   相似文献   
9.
基于向量式有限元基本原理,给出了八节点六面体等参实体单元的基本公式,通过投影方式将空间曲面六面体转换为投影六面体,采用参考面的逆向运动求解节点纯变形,通过单元形函的虚功方程计算节点内力;针对坐标模式和内力积分模式等关键问题提出了有效的处理方案。编制了六面体实体单元的数值计算程序,并进行工程结构算例分析。结果表明,所编制程序可有效模拟实体结构的静力、动力及大变形大位移行为分析,验证了本文理论和程序的正确性和实用性。  相似文献   
10.
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