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1.
在线反向拍卖在当今的经济社会发展中扮演越来越重要的角色,其主要应用于采购招标领域。而在实际的采购拍卖中有关商品属性和供应商信息等方面常会存在一定程度的不确定性,且这些不确定性的刻画又存在着多种模糊表述形式,这些都将增加采购方的风险预期和竞标供应商赢者确定的难度。为此,本文基于前景理论及模糊集理论,研究了同时存在精确数、区间数、三角模糊数、梯形模糊数和语义模糊术语五种属性描述方式的在线多属性反向拍卖的赢者确定问题,提出了一种更具一般性的混合不确定情景下的在线多属性反向拍卖赢者(中标者)确定方法。最后,通过数值算例和比较分析验证了本文所提方法的合理性与有效性,并通过稳健性分析进一步说明方法的稳定性和适用性。  相似文献   
2.
Material databases of plastics are becoming more and more the focus of applied science and commercial use in industry. Material properties of material manufacturers are often provided in publicly accessible material databases, which usually contain processing and mechanical properties under static loadings. Fatigue strength values are usually not accessible. The fatigue data for thermoplastics is of particular interest, as these materials have a particularly high lightweight construction potential and can be processed with a high degree of automation and reproducibility.Individual fatigue strength parameters for a specific material, environmental condition, geometry and loadings have been investigated in numerous publications. However, no work has been found in which fundamental interactions of different materials, environmental conditions, geometries and loadings on the course of the S/N-Curve have been investigated.In this paper, different effect relationships between temperature, filler type and filler content, fiber orientation and load ratio will be presented for the material Polypropylene (PP). A fatigue strength database of 11 different material manufacturers, from 71 different S/N-Curves with 606 tested samples, serves as a basis. The fatigue database enables a digital twin, which is used for the design of structural components to add a third dimension with artificial intelligence, and which is trained by an engineer. From the determined effect relationships, fatigue factors are to be derived and can be used to evaluate the fatigue strength of a component in the design process and to train the digital twin. The fatigue-strength values from the database also allow a statistical consideration of the slope k and the scattering of the S/N-Curve. The different S/N-Curves are transferred into a Haigh diagram, from which the functional course of the mean stress is determined.  相似文献   
3.
In this paper, the bending fatigue tests of honeycomb sandwich panels are carried out by using an improved three-point bending test fixture, and the S-N curves at different stress ratios are obtained. Through the records of fatigue damage in the experiment, the failure mode of the honeycomb sandwich panels and the source of fatigue damage are determined. At the same time, through the calculation of the shear stress distribution on the honeycomb wall, the reasons for the difference in the failure morphology of the L-direction and W-direction sandwich panels are clarified. Besides, a life prediction method is proposed and its effectiveness in predicting the fatigue life of sandwich panels has been verified.  相似文献   
4.
地震灾害应急救援物资方案的合理选择对与减少人员伤亡,降低灾民的财产损失具有重要影响。本文针对属性权重未知情形下的地震应急物资运输方案决策问题,提出了一种Pythagorean模糊不确定语言与前景理论相结合的改进VIKOR决策方法,即PFUL-PT-VIKOR法。首先,采用Pythagorean模糊不确定语言用于描述和融合专家对地震应急物资运输方案在考虑多种属性影响下的感知信息;其次,利用主客观融合法对属性权重进行求解;然后,提出基于前景理论的改进VIKOR法并得出方案排序;最后,通过算例分析,对所提出方法的有效性和实践性给予验证。结果表明,PFUL-PT-VIKOR模型有助于增强决策专家对不确定突发情景信息感知的知识表示能力,解决属性赋权过于主观或过分依赖样本的困难,并突围了应急决策者隐性心理行为较难定量应用的思维定势,增强了模型的现实适用性,为地震应急物资是否合理运输提供决策支持。  相似文献   
5.
The widespread use of plastics in the conditioning, packaging and building material sectors generates an enormous amount of industrial waste which could be recycled for wastewater pipes and fittings. Nevertheless, current manufacturing standards in the piping industry recommend against the use of post-consumer recycled materials—a policy based on inadequate understanding of the properties and long-term mechanical performance of recycled materials. The present study compared the material characteristics of virgin and recycled high-density polyethylene (HDPE) plastics commonly found in the piping industry. Mechanical testing, oxidative induction time (OIT), melt flow index (MFI) and thermal analysis were used in conjunction with X-ray fluorescence (μ-XRF), size exclusion chromatography and 13C solid-state NMR to evaluate mechanical behavior and molecular structure as well as contaminant or filler contents. This study provides evidence for the degradation processes impact that can occur when post-industrial and post-consumer polymers are recycled. However, the study identified two measures to improve the material qualities of post-consumer recycled HDPE: 1) reducing the amount of contaminants or, alternatively, improving their compatibility with HDPE resins, and 2) improving current sorting and recycling processes to increase the amount of tie molecules in HDPE materials.  相似文献   
6.
A full field solution, based on small deformation, three-dimensional elastic–plastic finite element analysis of the centrally cracked thin disk under mode I loading has been performed. The solution for the stresses under small-scale yielding and lo!cally fully plastic state has been compared with the HRR plane stress solution. At the outside of the 3D zone, within a distance of rσo/J=18, HRR dominance is maintained in the presence of a significant amount of compressive stress along the crack flanks. Ahead of this region, the HRR field overestimate the stresses. These results demonstrate a completely reversed state of stress in the near crack front compared to that in the plane strain case. The combined effect of geometry and finite thickness of the specimen on elastic–plastic crack tip stress field has been explored. To the best of our knowledge, such an attempt in the published literature has not been made yet. For the qualitative assessment of the results some of the field parameters have been compared to the available experimental results of K, gives a fair estimate of the crack opening stress near the crack front at a distance of order 10−2 in. On the basis of this analysis, the Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics approach has been adopted in analyzing the fatigue crack extension experiments performed in the disk (Part II).  相似文献   
7.
The maximum energy release rate criterion, i.e., G max criterion, is commonly used for crack propagation analysis. This fracture criterion is based on the elastic macroscopic strength of materials. In the present investigation, however, the G max criterion has been modified in order to accommodate the consideration of plastic strain energy. This modified criterion is extended to study the fatigue crack growth characteristics of mixed-mode cracks. To predict crack propagation due to fatigue loads, a new elasto–plastic energy model is presented. This new model includes the effects of material properties such as strain hardening exponent n, yield strength σ y , and fracture toughness and stress intensity factor ranges. The results obtained are compared with those obtained using the commonly employed crack growth law and the experimental data.  相似文献   
8.
现代航空武器装备综合化和信息化程度越来越高,飞行试验测试数据的种类增多,测试数据量剧增,飞行试验进入了大数据时代。试飞大数据的来临,对试验数据的获取、记录、传输和处理等传统技术及模式产生了强大的冲击,也提出了严峻的挑战。本文在简要介绍大数据概念及国外研究应用现状的基础上,通过总结分析飞行试验数据的新特征、新需求,提出了“试飞大数据”的概念,得出飞行试验数据是典型大数据的结论;按照试飞测试流程和大数据技术范畴,重点分析了试飞大数据技术中的数据获取、交换、记录、传输、监控、处理、存储等关键技术,最后,对试飞大数据技术的应用前景进行了展望。  相似文献   
9.
Fatigue damage evolution in silicon films for micromechanical applications   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
In this paper we examine the conditions for surface topography evolution and crack growth/fracture during the cyclic actuation of polysilicon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) structures. The surface topography evolution that occurs during cyclic fatigue is shown to be stressassisted and may be predicted by linear perturbation analyses. The conditions for crack growth (due to pre-existing or nucleated cracks) are also examined within the framework of linear elastic fracture mechanics. Within this framework, we consider pre-existing cracks in the topical SiO2 layer that forms on the Si substrate in the absence of passivation. The thickening of the SiO2 that is normally observed during cyclic actuation of Si MEMS structures is shown to increase the possibility of stable crack growth by stress corrosion cracking prior to the onset of unstable crack growth in the SiO2 and Si layers. Finally, the implications of the results are discussed for the prediction of fatigue damage in silicon MEMS structures.  相似文献   
10.
By using a principle of least energy and a Dugdale surface energy with an irreversibility condition, we build a debonding model of thin films valid both for monotone and cyclic loading. We show that, if the internal length introduced in Dugdale model is small in comparison to the film length, then the growth of the debonding follows Griffith's law under monotone loading and a Paris-type law under cycling loading. To cite this article: A. Jaubert, J.-J. Marigo, C. R. Mecanique 333 (2005).  相似文献   
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