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1.
The goal of the present experimental study is to investigate the ability of surface DBD plasma actuators to delay flow separation along the suction side of a NACA0015 airfoil. Three single surface DBD actuators that can operate separately are mounted on the suction side of the profile, at 18%, 27% and 37% of the chord length. The boundary layer is transitioned by a tripper to be sure that the flow control is not due to the laminar-to-turbulent transition. The angle of attack is equal to 11.5° and the free-stream velocity to U0 = 40 m/s, resulting in a chord-based Reynolds number of Rec = 1.33 × 106. The flow is studied with a high-resolution PIV system. In such conditions, the baseline flow separation occurs at 50% of chord. Then, the different single DBD have been switched on separately, in order to investigate the actuator location effect. One highlights that the DBD located at xc/c = 18% is more effective than the two others ones, with a separation delay up to 64% of chord. When the three DBDs operate simultaneously, the separation point moves progressively toward the trailing edge when the high voltage is increased, up to 76% of chord at 20 kV. Finally, the effect of the actuation frequency on the control authority has been investigated, by varying the value of the operating frequency and by burst-modulation. For frequencies equal to 50 Hz and 500 Hz (reduced frequency F+ = 0.31 and 3.1), the separation has been delayed at 76 and 80% of chord, respectively.  相似文献   
2.
The linear electrohydrodynamic cylindrical instability of annular Walters BB viscoelastic dielectric fluid layer surrounded by a conducting gas in the presence of radial electric field is investigated. The obtained dispersion relation is found to be complicated and cannot be treated theoretically easily. Two limiting cases of interest are investigated, when the inertia is dominant, and when both the kinematic viscosity and viscoelasticity are high, and the corresponding new stability conditions are obtained for both cases. We solve the eigenvalue problem numerically using the continuation method which gives better results than the classical non-linear solvers such as Newton and Secant methods. It is found that the applied radial electric field has a dual role on the stability of the considered system, depending of the chosen wavenumbers range. Both the kinematic viscoelasticity and liquid depth are found to have stabilizing effects, while both the kinematic viscosity and surface tension have destabilizing effects on the considered system. The stability or instability breaks down for critical wavenumber values at which the growth rate vanishes. The behaviors of both the maximum growth rate and the corresponding dominant wavenumber are discussed in detail corresponding to the effect of all physical parameters. Finally a comparison between the results obtained here for Walters BB viscoelastic fluids, and those obtained here too if the fluid is replaced by a Rivlin–Ericksen viscoelastic one is achieved. The limiting cases of absence of electric field and/or kinematic viscoelasticity are also investigated in detail.  相似文献   
3.
Nonlinear asymmetric breakup of a circular capillary jet stressed at the surface by an electrical field is presented. The method of straining of coordinates is used to calculate the cutoff wave number. The numerical results show that an initially sinusoidal wave develops in an asymmetrical form by the nonlinear effect from higher harmonics. It is shown that a linear relation-ship exists between the breakup times and the logarithms of the amplitudes of the wave. The slopes of these lines can be used to calculate the actual growth rates. The effective growth rates are displayed in a graphical form.  相似文献   
4.
A linear and nonlinear study has been made of cylindrical interface, carrying a uniform surface charge in the presence of a finite rate of charge relaxation, is investigated by using multiple scales method. The linear stability flow is analyzed by deriving a dispersion relation for the growth waves, and solving it analytically and numerically to find marginal stability curves. We investigate the electric charge relaxation effects on the stability of the flow by considering various limiting cases. We also examine the effects of finite charge relaxation times in axisymmetric and nonaxisymmetric modes. In the nonlinear approach, it is shown that the evolution of the amplitude is governed by a Ginzburg–Landau equation. There is also obtained a nonlinear modified Schrödinger equation describing the evolution of wave packets for small charge relaxation time. Further, the classic Schrödinger equation is obtained when the influence of relaxation time charge is neglected. On the other hand, the complex amplitude of quasi-monochromatic standing waves near the cutoff wavenumber is governed by a similarly type of nonlinear Schrödinger equation in which the roles of time and space are interchanged. This equation makes it possible to estimate the nonlinear effect on the cutoff wavenumber. The nonlinear theory, when used to investigate the stability of charged liquid jet, appears accurately to predict a new unstable regions. The effects of the surface charge and charge relaxation on the stability are identified. The various stability criteria are discussed both analytically and numerically and the stability diagrams are obtained.  相似文献   
5.
Two-phase electrohydrodynamic simulations using a volume-of-fluid approach   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
A numerical methodology to simulate two-phase electrohydrodynamic flows under the volume-of-fluid paradigm is proposed. The electric force in such systems acts only at the interface and is zero elsewhere in the two fluids. Continuum surface force representations are derived for the electric field force in a system of dielectric–dielectric and conducting–conducting fluids. On the basis of analytical calculations for simple flow problems we propose a weighted harmonic mean interpolation scheme to smoothen the electric properties in the diffused transition region (interface). It is shown that a wrong choice of interpolation scheme (weighted arithmetic mean) may lead to a transition region thickness dependent electric field in the bulk. We simulate a set of problems with exact or approximate analytical solutions to validate the numerical model proposed. A coupled level set and volume-of-fluid (CLSVOF) algorithm has been used for simulations presented here.  相似文献   
6.
Temperature control of electrohydrodynamic micro heat pipes   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
Active thermal control was achieved by using an electrohydrodynamically (EHD) assisted micro heat pipe array. A simulation model of temperature control of EHD micro heat pipes was established in a Matlab Sinulink environment. An experimental model was designed and fabricated to verify the model and identify the factors most influential to the thermal control via EHD micro heat pipe array. Good correspondence between simulations and experiments was achieved. Electric field intensity, set-point temperature and the gap between the upper and lower set-point temperatures were shown to have a dramatic influence on the temperature control.  相似文献   
7.
The novel electrohydrodynamically-assisted electrostatic precipitator (EHD ESP) was developed to suppress particle reentrainment for collection of low resistive diesel particulates. The collection efficiency was compared between vertically and horizontally oriented electrodes of the EHD ESP using 400 cc diesel engine. The particle size dependent collection efficiency was evaluated for the particle size ranging in 20 to 5000 nm using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and a particle counter (PC). Both horizontally and vertically oriented EHD ESP showed an excellent suppression of particle reentrainment. However, the horizontally oriented electrode EHD ESP showed significantly improved for the particle size of 300–500 nm in comparison with vertically oriented electrode EHD ESP, resulting in more than 90% collection efficiency for all particle size range. The EHD ESP has high potential especially for highly concentrated marine diesel engine emission control.  相似文献   
8.
The objective of this research was to determine the effect of ingredients in chocolate (cocoa liquor, cocoa butter, sucrose, milk powder) and tempering on electrohydrodynamic spraying quality. As cocoa butter increased, the droplet size generally decreased, because the viscosity decreased. As cocoa liquor increased, the droplet size and resistivity decreased and then increased, while the viscosity only decreased. Similarly, as sucrose decreased and milk powder correspondingly increased, the droplet size decreased, because the resistivity decreased, but the viscosity did not change. The droplet size and viscosity of chocolate increased during tempering, but the resistivity did not change.  相似文献   
9.
A dielectric fluid can be set into motion with the help of electric forces, mainly Coulomb force. This phenomenon, called electroconvection, can be induced by electrohydrodynamic conduction, injection, and induction. Conduction is based on the dissociation/recombination phenomenon, generates heterocharge layers, and occurs for low electric field values. Injection produces homocharge layers in the electrode vicinity and requires stronger electric fields to be initiated. This study is an experimental observation of the transition from conduction to injection of a dielectric liquid in blade-plane geometry using Particle Image Velocimetry. In addition, the electric current is measured to completely understand the flow behavior.  相似文献   
10.
The problem of the onset of electrohydrodynamic instability in a horizontal layer of Oldroydian viscoelastic dielectric liquid through Brinkman porous medium under the simultaneous action of a certical ac electric field and a vertical temperature gradient is analyzed. Applying linear stability theory, we derive an equation of eight order. Under somewhat suitable boundary conditions, this equation can be solved exactly to yield the required eigenvalue relationship from which various critical values are determined in detail. Both the cases of stationary and oscillatory instabilities are discussed if the liquid layer is heated from below or above. The effects of the porosity of porous medium, the medium permeability, the Prandtl number, the ratio of retardation time to relaxation time, the elastic number, in the presence or absence of Rayleigh number are shown graphically for both cases. Some of the known results are derived as special cases. The electrical force has been shown to be the sole agency causing instability of the considered system since it is much more important than the buoyancy force even if the medium is porous.  相似文献   
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