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1.
Considering the random impulses of mechanical noise and the limitations involved while identifying mechanical fault impulse signals via traditional measurement indices of signal-to-noise ratio, which require the characteristic frequency to be known in advance, this study proposes an adaptive unsaturated stochastic resonance method employing maximum cross-correlated kurtosis as the signal detection index. The proposed method combines the features of a cross-correlated coefficient to indicate periodic fault transients and those of spectrum kurtosis to locate these transients in the frequency domain. Actual vibration signals collected from motor and gear bearings subjected to heavy noise are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Through a coarse tree-based machine learning method, the proposed method is verified to be more suitable for explaining the periodic impulse components of bearing signals, as compared to the ensemble empirical mode decomposition denoising method and unsaturated stochastic resonance using the kurtosis-intercorrelation index.  相似文献   
2.
利用矩形截面激波管研究点火准则和稀释气体对乙烯点火延时的影响。采用压电传感器记录测点压力时间历程,采用光谱仪和光电倍增管记录自发光强时间历程,以压力、总自发光强与·OH和·CH自由基特定能级发射光强等信号判定是否发生自点火,给出自点火过程的时间起始点和终止点,得到了不同点火准则和稀释气体对应的乙烯/氧气/氮气和乙烯/氧气/氩气点火延时。结果表明:相同工况的乙烯点火延时测量数据相对误差约为15%,数据验证了本文实验和测量方法可靠性。针对当量比为1.0、压力为0.2 MPa,得到了温度范围为905~1 489 K,稀释气体的摩尔分数为75%氮气和75%氩气时的乙烯点火延时,给出点火延时和温度拟合的Arrhenius型表达式。不同点火准则会影响所测点火延时数据,但多次测量结果确定的点火延时和温度变化规律近似相同。不同稀释气体对激波管自点火流场的影响表现为和流场均匀性以及混合物比热相关。相同工况的乙烯/氧气/氮气点火延时大于乙烯/氧气/氩气点火延时。高温区和低温区的乙烯/氧气/氩气点火延时与温度的拟合关系不同,转折温度约为1 121 K。  相似文献   
3.
Weak signal detection has been widely used in many fields such as military and national economy. Aiming at the problem that the traditional stochastic resonance (SR) method can’t obtain the signal amplitude when detecting weak signals, the frequency and amplitude of the weak signal are obtained by combining the SR and chaos characteristics of the two-dimensional Duffing system. Firstly, the effects of two-dimensional Duffing system parameters a, b, k, noise intensity D on the Kramers rate and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) are analyzed under the Gaussian white noise environment. The results show that the damping ratio K can hinder the SR effect of the system to some extent. Secondly, to solve the misjudgment of the state method of the weak signal amplitude in the detection, the Lyapunov exponent is used to assure the threshold's range, and the threshold of the chaotic critical state is found. Finally, the paper gives the processes of frequency and amplitude detection of multiple high-frequency signals, which realizes the effective detection of the frequency and amplitude of multiple high-frequency signals in a Gaussian white noise environment, and successfully applies the method to the accurate detection of boundary voltage amplitude in electrical impedance tomography.  相似文献   
4.
The Alekseevskii–Tate model is the most successful semi-hydrodynamic model applied to long-rod penetration into semi-infinite targets. However, due to the nonlinear nature of the equations, the rod(tail) velocity, penetration velocity, rod length, and penetration depth were obtained implicitly as a function of time and solved numerically By employing a linear approximation to the logarithmic relative rod length, we obtain two sets of explicit approximate algebraic solutions based on the implicit theoretica solution deduced from primitive equations. It is very convenient in the theoretical prediction of the Alekseevskii–Tate model to apply these simple algebraic solutions. In particular, approximate solution 1 shows good agreement with the theoretical(exact) solution, and the first-order perturbation solution obtained by Walters et al.(Int. J. Impac Eng. 33:837–846, 2006) can be deemed as a special form of approximate solution 1 in high-speed penetration. Meanwhile, with constant tail velocity and penetration velocity approximate solution 2 has very simple expressions, which is applicable for the qualitative analysis of long-rod penetration. Differences among these two approximate solutions and the theoretical(exact) solution and their respective scopes of application have been discussed, and the inferences with clear physical basis have been drawn. In addition, these two solutions and the first-order perturbation solution are applied to two cases with different initial impact velocity and different penetrator/target combinations to compare with the theoretical(exact) solution. Approximate solution 1 is much closer to the theoretical solution of the Alekseevskii–Tate model than the first-order perturbation solution in both cases, whilst approximate solution 2 brings us a more intuitive understanding of quasi-steady-state penetration.  相似文献   
5.
It has been proved that there exists a certain correlation between fingertip temperature oscillations and blood flow oscillations. In this work, a porous media model of human hand is presented to investigate how the blood flow oscillation in the endothelial frequency band influences fingertip skin temperature oscillations. The porosity which represents the density of micro vessels is assumed to vary periodically and is a function of the skin temperature. Finite element analysis of skin temperature for a contra lateral hand under a cooling test was conducted. Subsequently, wavelet analysis was carried out to extract the temperature oscillations of the data through the numerical analysis and experimental measurements. Furthermore, the oscillations extracted from both numerical analyses and experiments were statistically analyzed to compare the amplitude. The simulation and experimental results show that for the subjects in cardiovascular health, the skin temperature fluctuations in endothelial frequency decrease during the cooling test and increase gradually after cooling, implying that the assumed porosity variation can represent the vasomotion in the endothelial frequency band.  相似文献   
6.
磁敏智能软材料是一类将微米或纳米尺度的磁性颗粒分散在不同基体中制备而成的多功能复合材料.由于其流变性能在外磁场的调控下可以实现连续、快速、可逆的改变,因此在建筑、振动控制和汽车工业等领域得到了广泛地应用.本文首先介绍了磁敏智能软材料发展历史及分类,分析了不同种类的磁敏智能软材料的特点和存在的科学问题;然后从实验和理论两个方面讨论了磁流变机理的研究现状;最后从实际应用的角度对这类材料未来的发展方向进行了展望.  相似文献   
7.
Tomography phase microscopy (TPM) is a new microscopic method that can quantitatively yield the volumetric 3D distribution of a sample׳s refractive index (RI), which is significant for cell biology research. In this paper, a controllable TPM system is introduced. In this system a circulatory phase-shifting method and piezoelectric ceramic are used which enable the TPM system to record the 3D RI distribution at a more controllable speed, from 1 to 40 fps, than in the other TPM systems reported. The resolution of the RI distribution obtained by this controllable TPM is much better than that in images recorded by phase contrast microscopy and interference tomography microscopy. The realization of controllable TPM not only allows for the application of TPM to the measurement of kinds of RI sample, but also contributes to academic and technological support for the practical use of TPM.  相似文献   
8.
Forward-/backward-facing steps in boundary-layer flows are often seen in engineering applications, and they have potential impacts on laminar-turbulent transition through scattering of the oncoming instability modes(e.g., Tollmien-Schlichting(T-S) waves). This issue is studied in the present paper by applying a local scattering framework, which is a rather generic mathematical framework on describing the mode scattering process. In this framework, a high-Reynolds-number triple-deck formalism is employed, and a transmission coefficient, defined as the ratio of the asymptotic amplitude of the instability mode downstream of the step to that upstream, is introduced. Through the systematical study, it has been found that both the forward-and backward-facing steps have a destabilizing effect on the oncoming T-S waves in subsonic boundary layers, this effect increases with the height of the step and/or the frequency of the T-S wave, and a backward-facing step(BFS) always has a greater impact than a forward-facing step(FFS). These facts agree with most of the previous investigations.However, one numerical study(WORNER, A., RIST, U., and WAGNER, S. Humps/steps influence on stability characteristics of two-dimensional laminar boundary layer. AIAA Journal, 41, 192–197(2003)), which was based on an ad-hoc configuration, showed an opposite impact of an FFS. Through the investigation on the specific configuration, it is revealed that the wrong conclusion was drawn by misinterpreting the numerical results.  相似文献   
9.
焦文俊  陈小伟 《力学进展》2019,49(1):201904
由高密度金属制成的长杆弹在1.5$\sim$3.0km/s的下具有很强的侵彻和贯穿能力,长杆高速侵彻问题现已成为穿甲侵彻领域的研究热点.本文综述了长杆高速侵彻问题的最新研究进展,首先介绍了长杆高速侵彻的基本概念、研究方法和理论模型;其次重点论述了研究中关注的突出问题与应用, 包括弹靶材料性质、长杆弹头部形状、长径比效应与分段杆设计、陶瓷靶抵抗长杆侵彻与界面击溃和非理想长杆侵彻;最后对未来的研究工作提出一些建议.   相似文献   
10.
多胞材料可通过大变形大量地吸收冲击能量,引入密度梯度可进一步提高其耐撞性。梯度多胞材料的宏观力学响应对材料密度分布极为敏感,不同类型的细观构型的影响也极为不同。已有的研究工作主要局限在对给定的密度梯度分析其动态响应,较少对耐撞性设计方法进行研究。本文针对梯度闭孔泡沫金属材料,基于非线性塑性冲击波模型发展了耐撞性反向设计方法,以维持冲击物受载恒定为目标,运用级数法获得了简化模型和渐近解。利用变胞元尺寸法构建了连续梯度变化的三维Voronoi细观有限元模型,并利用ABAQUS/Explicit有限元软件对理论设计进行数值验证。结果表明,反向设计理论简化模型的渐近解对于梯度闭孔泡沫金属材料的耐撞性设计是有效的,所提出的耐撞性设计方法在控制冲击吸能过程和冲击物受载方面具有指导意义。  相似文献   
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