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1.
构建了一个制造商和一个零售商所组成的两级供应链模型,研究增值税税率下调对供应链决策和社会福利的影响.结果表明,下调制造商、零售商增值税税率都会使产品零售价降低,提高零售商和制造商的利润.下调增值税税率给制造商带来的利润增量大于给零售商带来的利润增量.制造商税率下调导致批发价降低,零售商税率下调反而提高批发价.社会福利的变化趋势与潜在需求规模有关.当潜在需求规模较高时,社会福利总是随降税幅度的增大而增大,且税率降低后的社会福利大于税率降低前;当潜在需求规模中等时,社会福利随降税幅度的增大而减小,但税率降低后的社会福利仍大于税率降低前;当潜在需求规模较小时,社会福利随降税幅度的增大而减小,增值税税率下调损害了社会福利.  相似文献   
2.
Zhong  Weizhou  Zhang  Zexiong  Chen  Xiaowei  Wei  Qiang  Chen  Gang  Huang  Xicheng 《Acta Mechanica Sinica》2021,37(7):1136-1151
Acta Mechanica Sinica - Multi-scale finite element method is adopted to simulate wood compression behavior under axial and transverse loading. Representative volume elements (RVE) of wood...  相似文献   
3.
The molecular geometries and dissociation energies of AnO (An = Bk–Lr) molecules were first obtained at thecoupled-cluster single-, double-, and perturbative triple-excitations [CCSD(T)] level of theory. Four hybrid functionals,B3LYP, M06-2X, TPSSh, and PBE0, were also employed in the calculations for the sake of comparison. In comparison ofthe CCSD(T) results, B3LYP, TPSSh, and PBE0 functionals can obtain more appropriate results than M06-2X and MP2.The analyses on molecular orbitals show that the 7s, 6d, and 5f atomic orbitals of actinide (An) atoms participate in thebonding of An–O bonds. The partial covalent nature between An and O atoms is revealed by QTAIM analyses.  相似文献   
4.
The chiral phase transition and equation of state are studied within a novel self-consistent mean-field approximation of the two-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model. In this newly developed model, modifications to the chemical μ and chiral chemical \begin{document}$\mu_5$\end{document} potentials are naturally included by introducing vector and axial-vector channels from Fierz-transformed Lagrangian to the standard Lagrangian. In the proper-time scheme, the chiral phase transition is a crossover in the \begin{document}$T-\mu$\end{document} plane. However, when \begin{document}$\mu_5$\end{document} is incorporated, our study demonstrates that a first order phase transition may emerge. Furthermore, the chiral imbalance will soften the equation of state of quark matter. The mass-radius relationship and tidal deformability of quark stars are calculated. The maximum mass and radius decrease as \begin{document}$\mu_5$\end{document} increases. Our study also indicates that the vector and axial-vector channels exhibit an opposite influence on the equation of state.  相似文献   
5.
Yukai Zhuang 《中国物理 B》2022,31(8):89101-089101
Iron oxides are widely found as ores in Earth's crust and are also important constituents of its interiors. Their polymorphism, composition changes, and electronic structures play essential roles in controlling the structure and geodynamic properties of the solid Earth. While all-natural occurring iron oxides are semiconductors or insulators at ambient pressure, they start to metalize under pressure. Here in this work, we review the electronic conductivity and metallization of iron oxides under high-pressure conditions found in Earth's lower mantle. We summarize that the metallization of iron oxides is generally controlled by the pressure-induced bandgap closure near the Fermi level. After metallization, they possess much higher electrical and thermal conductivity, which will facilitate the thermal convection, support a more stable and thicker D$\prime\prime$ layer, and formulate Earth's magnetic field, all of which will constrain the large-scale dynamos of the mantle and core.  相似文献   
6.
Luo  Hao  Chen  Long 《Mathematical Programming》2022,195(1-2):735-781
Mathematical Programming - Convergence analysis of accelerated first-order methods for convex optimization problems are developed from the point of view of ordinary differential equation solvers. A...  相似文献   
7.
Zhang  Mingjie  Song  Yang  Abdelkefi  Abdessattar  Yu  Haiyan  Wang  Junlei 《Nonlinear dynamics》2022,108(3):1867-1884
Nonlinear Dynamics - Vortex-induced vibration (VIV) systems with stiffness nonlinearity have received increasing attention because the stiffness nonlinearity can broaden the effective flow velocity...  相似文献   
8.
Large amounts of flowback and produced water (FPW) have been generated from hydraulic fracturing process for the production of unconventional gas such as shale gas. Complex organic pollutants are abundantly present in FPW with revealed toxicity to aquatic organisms and these contaminants may transfer into surrounding aquatic environment. Characterization and determination of complicated organic pollutants in FPW remains a challenge due to its complex composition and high salinity matrix. This review article covers the progress of recent 5 years regarding the sample preparation and instrumental analysis methods and thus summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of these methods for critical analysis of organic contaminants in FPW samples. Furthermore, the natural distribution of detected organic compounds and their transformation were reviewed and discussed to enhance the understanding of spatial and temporal behaviors of these organic pollutants in natural environment, paving the way for future development of pollution control policies and strategies. Enlightened by the studies of FPW contamination in the US, the investigations of FPW contamination in China continued to grow due to rapidly growing production of shale gas in China and resulted pollution.  相似文献   
9.
孙立智  吕浩  闵晓文  刘犇 《应用化学》2022,39(4):673-684
合金化可以调节贵金属纳米材料的物理化学性质,从而显著提升它们的电催化性能。尽管合金化在过去的20多年里已取得诸多成果,但是如何充分发挥纳米合金的组分优势仍需深入的探究。本研究通过一步溶液相合成法实现了类金属硼(B)合金化的钯基介孔纳米催化剂材料的合成,同时探究了B原子的组分优势和介孔形貌的结构优势在碱性介质中电化学甲醇氧化反应(MOR)的协同作用。最优PdCuB介孔纳米催化剂表现出优异的电化学MOR活性和稳定性。机理研究表明,优异的催化活性源于B原子在Pd基介孔纳米催化剂中的积极协同作用;该协同作用通过电子效应(改变Pd的表面电子结构从而减弱CO基中间体的吸附)和双功能效应(促进OH_(2)的吸附从而氧化CO基中间体)在动力学上加速了有毒CO基中间体的去除(提高甲醇氧化的决速步骤)。同时,B原子的间隙插入和介孔结构抑制了物理奥斯特瓦尔德(Ostwald)熟化过程,显著增加了催化剂的稳定性。  相似文献   
10.
采用态平均(CASSCF)/高度相关多参考组(MRCI)方法,对N2分子A3Σu+、B3Пg、C3Пu电子态的势能、跃迁偶极矩进行了高度相关的精确计算.计算的势能在平衡位置附近与RKR拟合的势能曲线非常一致,获得的跃迁偶极矩与已有实验值符合很好。首次对A3Σu+、B3Пg、C3Пu电子态的振转光谱常数随振动量子数v的变化进行系统定量计算,其结果与已有的实验观测数据相符.同时,获得了N2分子第一正带系的0-1、0-2、1-0、1-2、1-3、2-0、2-1、2-3、3-0、3-1和3-2光谱带分别在300,3000,6000,10000K时的谱线强度,如1-0带在3000,6000,10000K时的高温谱线带强度分别为1.58543×10-16 cm-1/(分子 cm-2)、6.07889×10-17 cm-1/(分子 cm-2)和2.3781×10-17 cm-1/(分子 cm-2).这些结果对N2分子进一步的理论研究、实际应用和高温大气的建模与研究具都有一定的参考价值.  相似文献   
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