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排序方式: 共有9226条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
International Journal of Theoretical Physics - The dynamics of entanglement measured by concurrence and quantum correlation described by quantum discord under Ornstein-Uhlenbeck noise are...  相似文献   
2.
《中国物理 B》2021,30(7):74204-074204
We investigate the influence of the birefringence on the high-order harmonics in an a-cut Zn O crystal with midinfrared laser pulses. The high harmonics exhibit strong dependence on the alignment of the crystal with respect to the laser polarization. We introduce the Jones calculus to counteract the birefringent effect and obtain the harmonics with polarization corrections in Zn O. We show that the birefringent effect plays an important role in the orientation dependence of HHG.  相似文献   
3.
Wu  Yifei  Zhao  Xiaofei 《BIT Numerical Mathematics》2022,62(3):1049-1090
BIT Numerical Mathematics - In this paper, we introduce a novel class of embedded exponential-type low-regularity integrators (ELRIs) for solving the KdV equation and establish their optimal...  相似文献   
4.
With the development of green chemistry, it is still a challenge to maintain the unstable valence state of the metal in heterogeneous catalysts and realize new catalytic synthesis methods. In this paper, it is reported that an univalent copper nanocomposite (Cu@Al/SBA-15) can efficiently catalyze the formation of novel amino-containing benzotriazoles with great fluorescence properties in a new synthetic strategy. Subsequently, its application is further verified by an acylation reaction to produce a series of novel benzotriazoles derivatives with high yield. It is worth noting that the Cu@Al/SBA-15 nanocomposites not only enable the reaction completed with high yield in a short time, but can also be recycled many times without a significant reduction in activity, and the leaching of copper and aluminum species in reaction system is negligible. Finally, the detailed and feasible reaction mechanism is also provided.  相似文献   
5.
Conjugated polymers feature promising structure and properties for photocatalytic water splitting. Herein, a hydrolysis strategy was demonstrated to rationally modulate the surface hydrophilicity and band structures of conjugated poly-benzothiadiazoles. High hydrophilicity not only enhances the dispersions of polymeric solids in an aqueous solution but also reduces the absorption energy of water molecules. Besides, both theoretical and experimental results reveal that a more positive valence band potential is generated, which contributes to enhancing the photocatalytic water oxidation performance. Accordingly, the surface-modified conjugated polymers show largely promoted photocatalytic water oxidation activities by deposition of cobalt oxides as cocatalysts.  相似文献   
6.
磷酸酯类前药与原药相比,不仅能够提高药物靶向性、稳定性和生物利用度,减少药物毒副作用,还能掩蔽药物不适气味、提高水溶性从而改善给药途径。含羟基药物的磷酸酯化是该类药物前药设计的重要方法之一。本文根据中心磷原子的价态和化合物结构进行分类,综述了各种P(Ⅴ)四配位分子、P(Ⅲ)三配位分子和H-亚磷酸酯类化合物作为磷酸酯化试剂在磷酸酯类前药合成方法中的研究进展,并阐述了这些磷酸酯类药物的应用,最后总结了各类磷酸酯化试剂的优势与局限,并结合连续流反应技术应用案例展望了其发展趋势。  相似文献   
7.
以羧甲基纤维素(CMC)、明胶和MOF(Cu)@biochar为原料,采用简单有效的冷冻干燥方法制备了(CMC/Gelatin/MOF(Cu)@biochar)杂化气凝胶,并用傅里叶变换红外光谱(FT-IR)、热重分析(TG)、X射线粉末衍射(XRD)、扫描电镜(SEM)和X射线光电子能谱(XPS)技术对其进行了表征;研究了MOF(Cu)@biochar含量、pH和不同的盐水溶液对杂化气凝胶溶胀行为的影响;以该气凝胶负载氯化铵,制备了一种新型缓释肥料(SRF),并研究了含2%(wt)SRF的沙性土壤的保水能力;SRF在土壤中第30天的累积释放率为79.4%;肥料在土壤中释放符合非Fickian扩散和阳离子交换的协同作用机理。  相似文献   
8.
Large amounts of flowback and produced water (FPW) have been generated from hydraulic fracturing process for the production of unconventional gas such as shale gas. Complex organic pollutants are abundantly present in FPW with revealed toxicity to aquatic organisms and these contaminants may transfer into surrounding aquatic environment. Characterization and determination of complicated organic pollutants in FPW remains a challenge due to its complex composition and high salinity matrix. This review article covers the progress of recent 5 years regarding the sample preparation and instrumental analysis methods and thus summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of these methods for critical analysis of organic contaminants in FPW samples. Furthermore, the natural distribution of detected organic compounds and their transformation were reviewed and discussed to enhance the understanding of spatial and temporal behaviors of these organic pollutants in natural environment, paving the way for future development of pollution control policies and strategies. Enlightened by the studies of FPW contamination in the US, the investigations of FPW contamination in China continued to grow due to rapidly growing production of shale gas in China and resulted pollution.  相似文献   
9.
This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem on the Boltzmann equation without angular cutoff assumption for hard potential in the whole space. When the initial data is a small perturbation of a global Maxwellian, the global existence of solution to this problem is proved in unweighted Sobolev spaces HN(Rx,v6) with N2. But if we want to obtain the optimal temporal decay estimates, we need to add the velocity weight function, in this case the global existence and the optimal temporal decay estimate of the Boltzmann equation are all established. Meanwhile, we further gain a more accurate energy estimate, which can guarantee the validity of the assumption in Chen et al. (0000).  相似文献   
10.
伍强 《化学教育》2022,43(19):83-87
针对一线教师在设计硅酸盐材料一课时面对的困难,开发了与陶瓷、玻璃、水泥相对应的石家河红陶杯、洛阳浮法玻璃、白鹤滩大坝等3个教学素材。包含2个原创实验、7个资料、14个原创提问。开发的素材可用于硅酸盐材料高一新授课或以硅酸盐材料为情境的高三复习课中,也可为原创题的命制者提供参考。素材的选择遵循了立德树人的理念,培养了学生的爱国情怀,同时也提升了高级思维能力。  相似文献   
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