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排序方式: 共有1118条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
《中国化学快报》2020,31(6):1593-1597
As one of the most environmentally friendly photovoltaic(PV) conversion equipments,aqueousprocessed CdTe nanocrystal solar cells(NC SCs) have attracted great interest in recent years because of their excellent properties such as high charge-carrier mobility and broad absorption.However,two issues including interfacial recombination and leakage current seriously restrict their performance.In this paper,insulating polymer poly(vinyl pyrrolidone)(PVP) is introduced into CdTe NC SCs to solve the problems.The experimental results of transmission electron microscopy(TEM),atomic force micro scopy(AFM) and dark current measurements,etc.,demonstrate the leakage current is effectively suppressed by introducing PVP.Through further designing device structure,the reduction of interfacial recombination after introducing PVP is confirmed.By strategically taking the advantages of PVP properties(e.g.,water solubility and thermostability),the power conversion efficiency of the devices with PVP is enhanced by almost 37% compared to pure CdTe devices.This work demonstrates an effective and low-cost method to fabricate NC SCs via aqueous route.Moreover,it also proves that appropriate content of insulating polymer is of beneficial in promoting the PV performance.  相似文献   
2.
磁敏智能软材料是一类将微米或纳米尺度的磁性颗粒分散在不同基体中制备而成的多功能复合材料.由于其流变性能在外磁场的调控下可以实现连续、快速、可逆的改变,因此在建筑、振动控制和汽车工业等领域得到了广泛地应用.本文首先介绍了磁敏智能软材料发展历史及分类,分析了不同种类的磁敏智能软材料的特点和存在的科学问题;然后从实验和理论两个方面讨论了磁流变机理的研究现状;最后从实际应用的角度对这类材料未来的发展方向进行了展望.  相似文献   
3.
Swimming jellyfish deliver momentum to the surrounding fluid in the form of vortices. A three-dimensional computational model was adopted to investigate the characteristic flow patterns produced by jellyfish with a jet-based locomotion and the process of vortex generation. The interaction between jellyfish and the surrounding fluid may be simulated using the immersed boundary method. The vortex structures generated in the wake were elucidated in detail. The vortices were formed due to the contraction and expansion of the elastic bell. A dimensionless temporal parameter was employed to analyze the vortex formation process. During the early stage of contraction, the vortices were dominantly generated by the stroke. The ejected fluid from the inside of the bell was then entrained into the vortices, thereby decreasing the vorticity at the core and increasing the total circulation within the vortex ring. The Froude propulsion efficiency increased as the vortex formation number increased, implying that the propulsion in the way of growing the vortex structures was favorable in terms of the efficiency.  相似文献   
4.
焦文俊  陈小伟 《力学进展》2019,49(1):201904
由高密度金属制成的长杆弹在1.5$\sim$3.0km/s的下具有很强的侵彻和贯穿能力,长杆高速侵彻问题现已成为穿甲侵彻领域的研究热点.本文综述了长杆高速侵彻问题的最新研究进展,首先介绍了长杆高速侵彻的基本概念、研究方法和理论模型;其次重点论述了研究中关注的突出问题与应用, 包括弹靶材料性质、长杆弹头部形状、长径比效应与分段杆设计、陶瓷靶抵抗长杆侵彻与界面击溃和非理想长杆侵彻;最后对未来的研究工作提出一些建议.   相似文献   
5.
Wang  Cheng  Sun  Lu  Sun  Qiang  Zhang  Zelong  Xia  Weiluo  Xia  Weidong 《Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing》2019,39(2):407-421
Plasma Chemistry and Plasma Processing - At atmospheric pressure, the anode attachment can appear in two different modes: constricted and diffuse. In this paper, a magnetically rotating arc plasma...  相似文献   
6.
包含SET结构域的核受体结合蛋白1(NSD1)是一种组蛋白甲基转移酶,它能够特异性的甲基化组蛋白H3赖氨酸第36位(H3K36).异常表达的NSD1主要发现于Sotos综合症患者体内,但它同样也能导致其他多种人类疾病的发生.目前已有靶向组蛋白甲基转移酶DOT1L和EZH2的小分子抑制剂报道,然而,靶向NSD1的化学探针分子尚未被发现.本文使用基于片段的核磁共振(NMR)筛选方法寻找到3个以NSD1蛋白作为靶点的苗头化合物,利用化学位移扰动分析技术测定了这些化合物与NSD1的结合亲和力.另外,利用分子对接方法选择获得苗头化合物与NSD1蛋白的最可能的结合模型.结果显示苗头化合物1结合于NSD1天然底物S-腺苷酸甲硫氨酸(SAM)的结合口袋中.我们的研究成果为进一步以结构为指导的从苗头化合物到先导化合物的衍化奠定了基础.  相似文献   
7.
8.
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry - A cation-exchange chromatographic method was utilized to isolate strontium. The interference of recovery yield, calcium and magnesium, and the...  相似文献   
9.
Realizing the synergy between active site regulation and rational structural engineering is essential in the electrocatalysis community but still challenging. Here, a matrix-confined co-pyrolysis strategy based on molecular bridging is demonstrated to realize highly dispersed Fe atoms on stereoassembled carbon framework. Both polyacrylonitrile matrix and organic linker from metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) provide sufficient N-anchoring sites for the generation of Fe−N4 moieties. A high Fe loading of 2.9 wt.% is readily achieved based on the scalable approach without post-treatment. Owing to the presence of highly exposed Fe−N−C sites and well-tuned pore structures, isolated Fe atoms on porous carbon nanofiber framework (Fe−SA/NCF) exhibits decent oxygen reduction activity and stability in alkaline conditions via a near four-electron path, demonstrating superior performance as air cathode for zinc-air batteries (ZABs) to commercial Pt/C catalyst.  相似文献   
10.
This study demonstrates the superiority of a stable and well-defined heterogeneous cobalt hexacyanocobaltate (Co3[Co(CN)6]2), a typical cobalt Prussian Blue Analogue (CoCo-PBA) that catalyzes the copolymerization of carbonyl sulfide (COS) and propylene oxide (PO) to produce poly(propylene monothiocarbonate)s (PPMTC). The number-average molecular weights of the PPMTC were 66.4 to 139.4 kg/mol, with a polydispersity of 2.0–3.9. The catalyst productivity reached 1040 g polymer/g catalyst (12.0 h). The oxygen-sulfur exchange reaction (O/S ER), which would generate random thiocarbonate and carbonate units, was effectively suppressed, and thus the selectivity of the monothiocarbonate over carbonate linkages was up to >99%. It was shown that no cyclic thiocarbonate byproduct was produced during the heterogeneous catalysis of COS/PO copolymerization using CoCo-PBA as the catalyst. The content of monothiocarbonate and ether units in the copolymer chain could be regulated by tuning the feeding amount of COS.  相似文献   
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