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1.
长白山土壤腹足类物种多样性初步研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
自1993年5月至10月对吉林长白山森林生态系统定位站的土壤腹足类进行了多样性调查,据初步调查的结果显示,长白山地区土壤腹足类种类少而单调,采样区仅发现15种,隶属于腹足纲9科13属,采样区土壤腹足类物种多样性指数和丰富度指数都是5月份最低,8月份达最大值,之后逐渐减小;均匀度指数5月份最高,7月份最低;单纯度指数也是5月份最高,最低值出现在10月份,土壤表层的陆生贝类物种多样性指数高于上层。  相似文献   
2.
通过对非饱和土非线性本构方程和场方程的线性化,推导出了非饱和土的线性本构方程和场方程,把线性方程表示为与Biot饱和多孔介质方程相似的形式;证明了Darcy定律对非饱和土的适用性;说明了Biot饱和多孔介质方程是这些线性方程的特征。所有这些都表明用混合理论处理非饱和土本构问题的正确性。  相似文献   
3.
宋丽叶 《应用数学》2006,19(1):159-168
本文针对一类非饱和土壤水流问题,提出了基于二次插值的特征差分格式,得到了严谨的L2模误差估计.并作了数值试验,指明方法的有效性.  相似文献   
4.
研究了平台石墨炉原子吸收测定磷的方法,表明以氯化钯和硝酸钙的混合液作为基体改进剂测定生物样品中的磷效果最好,方法特征量为8×10~(-9)g,工作曲线线性范围为0~0.400吸光度,精密度好,抗干扰能力强,方法简单,利用标准曲线即可测定生物样品中磷。  相似文献   
5.
The thermal treatment by millimeter waves for the soil disinfection can be one possible alternative to chemical treatments. This physical method is based on incrementing the soil temperature and its pathogens irradiating with high frequency electromagnetic waves. So the previous knowledge of the temperature distribution in the irradiated soil is essential for achieving an effective bad microorganism and weed seeds elimination. This report analyse the heating kinetic and spatial distribution of the maximum temperatures reached by the soil. It is presented a mathematic model about how are distributed the reached temperatures in the depth of the irradiated soil. This model concludes that when an orchard soil is irradiated superficially by microwaves, the microwaves have a big attenuation due to the soil dielectric properties and the water located in the pores of the most superficial layer. This fact causes a shield effect blocking the waves penetration in few centimetres. The heating by radiation is reduced to the superficial layer. The heating propagation in the depth is occurred by conduction following the Fourier equations.  相似文献   
6.
Two methods for sampling and concentration of volatile organic compounds are reported. In the first method, traps coated with a very thick film (ca. 100 μm) of cross-linked silicone stationary phase are employed. Such thick films can be prepared with a modified dynamic coating procedure, which is briefly described. The low phase ratio traps can be utilized for enrichment of volatiles from gaseous as well as aqueous matrices. The second technique is based on chromatographic evaporation of a solvent in a capillary tube, where the process is sustained by a repeated sample injection and a cyclic flow reversal. In this way, large solvent volumes can be handled by a small volume system. Under optimal conditions, when using a solvent barrier, quantitative recovery is possible even for compounds of comparatively high volatility. Another important application of the technique is extraction of trace components from gases such as headspace samples, polluted air, etc.  相似文献   
7.
A new, high performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for the separation of monovinyl- and divinyl-protochlorophyllides, using commercially available, C30 reverse phase column and isocratic elution. This method can be used both for analytical applications and preparative scale purification of monovinyl- and divinyl-protochlorophyllides using the same column where submilimolar concentrations of the crude protochlorophyllide extract can be separated in one run. The purity of the obtained protochlorophyllides was demonstrated by spectroscopic methods, as well by the formation of aggregates in toluene.  相似文献   
8.
In this paper, we consider hypothesis testing problems in which the involved samples are drawn from generalized multivariate modified Bessel populations. This is a much more general distribution that includes both the multivariate normal and multivariate-t distributions as special cases. We derive the distribution of the Hotelling's T2-statistic for both the one- and two-sample problems, as well as the distribution of the Scheffe's T2-statistic for the Behrens–Fisher problem. In all cases, the non-null distribution of the corresponding F-statistic follows a new distribution which we introduce as the non-central F-Bessel distribution. Some statistical properties of this distribution are studied. Furthermore, this distribution was utilized to perform some power calculations for tests of means for different models which are special cases of the generalized multivariate modified Bessel distribution, and the results compared with those obtained under the multivariate normal case. Under the null hypothesis, however, the non-central F-Bessel distribution reduces to the central F-distribution obtained under the classical normal model.  相似文献   
9.
土壤盐渍化的研究进展   总被引:8,自引:0,他引:8  
根据近年来国内外土壤学者在土壤盐渍化的研究成果,从土壤盐渍化的基本理论,改良方法以及预测预报方面的研究,综述了土壤盐渍化的研究现状,通过分析土壤盐渍化研究多方面存在的问题,对其发展趋势和今后研究重点进行了展望,望能为进一步的深入研究工作提供帮助.  相似文献   
10.
本文推导了两种非标准色传感器在测色时引入的误差公式,并对其进行分析。最后通过计算8个样品的颜色对分析结果给于验证。  相似文献   
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