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1.
建立了同时测定化妆品中苯扎溴铵、2-溴-2-硝基-1,3-丙二醇、5-溴-5-硝基-1,3-二■烷、甲基二溴戊二腈、溴氯芬5种含溴防腐剂的高效液相色谱-电感耦合等离子体质谱法(HPLC-ICP-MS)。样品经含0.1%甲酸的甲醇溶液超声提取后,采用Agilent Eclipse-C_(18)(150 mm×4.6 mm,5μm)色谱柱分离,以0.1%甲酸-甲醇为流动相进行梯度洗脱,ICP-MS测定组分中的~(79)Br,以保留时间定性,外标法定量。5种含溴防腐剂均在0.5~100 mg/L范围内线性关系良好(r0.999),检出限为1.5~3.0μg/g,不同基质化妆品中的回收率为91.2%~108%,相对标准偏差(n=6)为1.3%~4.2%。该方法快速、准确、灵敏、专属性强,适用于化妆品中5种含溴防腐剂的定性定量分析。  相似文献   
2.
Law WS  Kubán P  Zhao JH  Li SF  Hauser PC 《Electrophoresis》2005,26(24):4648-4655
The separation and detection of commonly used preservatives (benzoate, sorbate) and vitamin C by both conventional CE and microchip electrophoresis with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection is presented. The separation was optimized by adjusting the pH-value of the buffer and the use of hydroxypropyl-beta-CD (HP-beta-CD) and CTAB as additives. For conventional CE, optimal separation conditions were achieved in a histidine/tartrate buffer at pH 6.5, containing 0.025% HP-beta-CD and 0.1 mM CTAB. LOD ranged from 0.5 to 3 mg/L (S/N = 3) and the RSDs for migration time and peak area were less than 0.1 and 2%, respectively. A considerable reduction of analysis time can be accomplished by using microchip electrophoresis without significant loss in sensitivity under optimal separation conditions. A histidine/tartrate buffer at pH 6.5, incorporating 0.06% HP-beta-CD and 0.25 mM CTAB, gave detection limits ranging between 3 and 10 mg/L and satisfactory reproducibilities of < or =0.4% for the migration time and < or =3.5% for the peak area. The methods developed are useful for the quantitative determination of food additives in real samples such as soft drinks and vitamin C tablets.  相似文献   
3.
建立了气相色谱-质谱法(GC-MS)同时测定鲜水果中对羟基苯甲酸甲酯、对羟基苯甲酸乙酯、乙萘酚、4-苯基苯酚和联苯醚5种保鲜剂的分析方法。鲜水果样品经乙醚超声提取、浓缩后,活性炭柱净化,选择离子模式(SIM)下测定,外标法定量。在优化条件下,5种保鲜剂的线性范围为0.2~4.0 mg/L,相关系数(r2)大于0.991,联苯醚的检出限为0.05 mg/kg,其余4种保鲜剂的检出限均为0.1 mg/kg。5种保鲜剂的加标回收率为80.4%~104.5%,相对标准偏差(RSD)为1.2%~6.4%。该方法简便、快速、试剂价廉易得,且能消除鲜水果样品中色素等杂质的干扰,具有较高的准确度和精密度,适用于鲜水果中上述5种防腐保鲜剂残留量的测定。  相似文献   
4.
建立了采用气相色谱-质谱(GC-MS)同时测定水果中9种保鲜剂残留量的分析方法。水果样品用正己烷/乙酸乙酯(1/1,v/v)混合提取剂超声提取,经Florisil层析柱净化后用正己烷/乙酸乙酯(1/3,v/v)混合洗脱剂洗脱,以磷酸三苯脂(TPP)为内标物,采用GC-MS的全扫描方式(SCAN)和选择离子监测方式(SIM)对9种保鲜剂进行定性与定量分析。实验结果表明,9种保鲜剂的检出限(LOD)为0.10~2.16μg/kg,在50、100、200μg/kg添加水平下的回收率为75.3%~128%,相对标准偏差为1.57%~11.6%。本分析方法样品前处理简便,净化效果明显,在SIM谱图中分析目标物响应值大、灵敏度高,定量准确可靠,能够满足保鲜剂痕量残留的检测要求。  相似文献   
5.
肖作为  何蔓  陈贝贝  胡斌 《色谱》2020,38(1):127-136
通过简单的搅拌共混方式制备了磁性氨基功能化的金属有机骨架化合物(MOFs)材料,得到的复合材料磁性和热稳定性良好,比表面积大,被用于不同极性防腐剂(苯甲酸、山梨酸、对羟基苯甲酸丙酯和对羟基苯甲酸丁酯)的萃取。优化磁固相萃取及解吸条件后,将解吸液引入高效液相色谱-紫外检测分析仪器,采用Purospher® STAR LP C18色谱柱(250 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm)分离,以甲醇-10 mmol/L醋酸铵水溶液(50:50,v/v)为流动相进行梯度洗脱。结果表明,目标防腐剂的检出限为0.51~1.89 μg/L;苏打水、维生素饮料和方便面面饼中目标防腐剂的加标回收率为72.2%~109%。该方法简单快速,准确可靠,适用于饮料和食品中不同极性防腐剂的分析,为食品安全及质量监控提供了有效的技术有段。  相似文献   
6.
Leptospermum petersonii (family Myrtaceae) is often cultivated for ornamental purposes but also serves as a rich source of bioactive essential oils. While several studies focused on the activities of the essential oils, this study analysed the potential of spent L. petersonii leaves as a natural food preservative. Method: We investigated the in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of crude L. petersonii extracts against activities of the purified isolated flavonoid, 6-methyltectochrysin, which was characterized using spectroscopic methods. The antioxidant assays followed ORAC, FRAP and TEAC tests. The antimicrobial activities of the extract and purified flavonoid were analysed against six multi-drug resistant microbial strains in broth dilution assays. Result: The results revealed that both the crude extracts and isolated 6-methyltectochrysin exhibited positive radical ion scavenging antioxidant potential, however the crude extract was about 6-fold more potent antioxidant than the purified 6-methyltectochrysin. The crude extract also showed strong antimicrobial activities against Bacillus cereus, and even more potent antimicrobial agent than the reference ampicillin antibiotic against Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae. A higher resistance was observed for the tested Gram-negative strains than for the Gram-positive ones. 6-methyltectochrysin was generally inactive in the antimicrobial assays. Conclusion: The crude methanolic extract showed significant bioactivity which validates the medicinal relevance of the plant. The observed biological activities, especially against a notorious strain of B. cereus, suggest that L. petersonii could be a promising natural source of food preservatives.  相似文献   
7.
高效液相色谱法同时测定肉制品中的6种食品添加剂   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
李秀琴  张庆合  杨总 《色谱》2010,28(12):1204-1208
建立了同时测定肉制品中化学性质差异较大的6种常用食品添加剂的高效液相色谱(HPLC)分析方法。根据6种添加剂(苯甲酸(钠)、山梨酸(钾)、糖精钠、安赛蜜、诱惑红和胭脂红)的化学性质,对HPLC分析条件进行了详细的优化。结果表明:以ZORBAX Eclipse Plus C18柱(150mm×4.6mm,5μm)为分析柱,以甲醇和20mmol/L醋酸铵溶液(pH为6.9)为流动相进行梯度洗脱,在235nm波长下进行检测,可以在18min内完成6种添加剂的同时测定。在高、低两个加标浓度下,样品的回收率为80.7%~94.4%,相对标准偏差(n=3)为2.0%~7.1%。结果表明,该方法快速、准确,能够同时分析测定肉制品中上述6种食品添加剂。  相似文献   
8.
建立超高效液相色谱法测定湿巾中7种防腐剂的检测方法。样品采用甲醇超声提取,色谱柱采用Waters ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18)柱(50 mm×2.1 mm,1.7μm),流动相为甲醇–乙酸水溶液(pH 3.3)梯度洗脱,初始流量为0.8 m L/min,用PDA检测器检测,检测波长分别为255,270,310 nm。以3倍空白噪音计,2-溴-2-硝基丙烷-1,3-二醇,苯酚,苯甲醇,苯氧乙醇,苯甲酸,山梨酸,脱氢乙酸的检出限分别为60.0,0.5,20.0,8.0,5.0,0.2,0.5 mg/kg;方法加标回收率为100.9%~109.3%;测定结果的相对标准偏差为0.2%~1.9%(n=6)。结果表明该方法处理简单,分离效果好,速度快,能快速准确测定湿巾中7种防腐剂。  相似文献   
9.
Summary A paired-ion, reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous determination of sweeteners (dulcin, saccharin-Na and acesulfame-K), preservatives (sodium dehydroacetate, sorbic acid, salicyclic acid, benzoic acid, succinic acid, methyl-para-hydroxybenzoic acid, ethyl-para-hydroxybenzoic acid, n-propyl-para-hydroxybenzoic acid, isopropyl-para-hydroxybenzoic acid, n-butyl-para-hydroxybenzoic acid, and isobutyl-para-hydroxybenzoic acid), and antioxidants (3-tertiary-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and tertiary-butyl-hydroquinone). A mobile phase of acetonitrile-50 mM aqueous α-hydroxyisobutyric acid solution (pH 4.5) (2.2 : 3.4 or 2.4 : 3.6, v/v) containing 2.5 mM hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide and a C18 column with a flow rate at 1.0 mL/min and detection at 233 nm were used. This method was found to be very reproducible with detection limits ranged from 0.15 to 3.00 μg. The retention factor (k) of each additive could be affected by concentrations of hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide and α-hydroxyisobutyric acid, and pH and ratio of mobile phase. The presence of additives in some food samples was determined.  相似文献   
10.
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