首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   16571篇
  免费   1664篇
  国内免费   779篇
化学   15274篇
晶体学   332篇
力学   304篇
综合类   25篇
数学   206篇
物理学   2873篇
  2024年   11篇
  2023年   157篇
  2022年   227篇
  2021年   506篇
  2020年   521篇
  2019年   386篇
  2018年   334篇
  2017年   323篇
  2016年   604篇
  2015年   588篇
  2014年   637篇
  2013年   1261篇
  2012年   786篇
  2011年   756篇
  2010年   833篇
  2009年   851篇
  2008年   868篇
  2007年   892篇
  2006年   841篇
  2005年   791篇
  2004年   869篇
  2003年   776篇
  2002年   1479篇
  2001年   429篇
  2000年   369篇
  1999年   359篇
  1998年   346篇
  1997年   253篇
  1996年   448篇
  1995年   413篇
  1994年   173篇
  1993年   133篇
  1992年   146篇
  1991年   87篇
  1990年   59篇
  1989年   77篇
  1988年   75篇
  1987年   42篇
  1986年   43篇
  1985年   61篇
  1984年   43篇
  1983年   25篇
  1982年   21篇
  1981年   23篇
  1980年   17篇
  1979年   12篇
  1978年   16篇
  1975年   6篇
  1972年   5篇
  1969年   5篇
排序方式: 共有10000条查询结果,搜索用时 156 毫秒
1.
《Mendeleev Communications》2022,32(5):597-600
Calorimetric monitoring of the autoclave reaction N2O4 + C2H4 at –85 to +10 °C under argon pressure 10–30 bar revealed that the exothermic chemical reaction started at temperatures above –52 °C at 10 bar, whereas an intensive exothermic reaction started at –85 °C and pressure of 30 bar. IR study showed that oligo/polynitroethylene was formed at 30 bar, while carbonyl and hydroxy compound as well as nitrate R–ONO2 formation occurred upon processing at 10 bar.  相似文献   
2.
《Mendeleev Communications》2022,32(3):395-396
A new method for assembling 1,3-selenazolines by the iodine- mediated reaction of the simplest building blocks such as elemental selenium, alkenes and acetonitrile has been discovered. A proposed mechanism includes the addition of the intermediate selenium iodides to alkene with subsequent solvent interception by the formed seleniranium ion.  相似文献   
3.
This study was aimed at the development of a conductometric biosensor based on acetylcholinesterase considering the feasibility of its application for the inhibitory analysis of various toxicants. In this paper, the optimum conditions for enzyme immobilization on the transducer surface are selected as well as the optimum concentration of substrate for inhibitory analysis. Sensitivity of the developed biosensor to different classes of toxic compounds (organophosphorus pesticides, heavy metal ions, surfactants, aflatoxin, glycoalkaloids) was tested. It is shown that the developed biosensor can be successfully used for the analysis of pesticides and mycotoxins, as well as for determination of total toxicity of the samples. A new method of biosensor analysis of toxic substances of different classes in complex multicomponent aqueous samples is proposed.  相似文献   
4.
A tertiary hydroxy group α to a carboxyl moiety comprises a key structural motif in many bioactive substances. With the herein presented metal‐free rearrangement of imides triggered by hypervalent λ3‐iodane, an easy and selective way to gain access to such a compound class, namely α,α‐disubstituted‐α‐hydroxy carboxylamides, was established. Their additional methylene bromide side chain constitutes a useful handle for rapid diversification, as demonstrated by a series of further functionalizations. Moreover, the in situ formation of an iodine(III) species under the reaction conditions was proven. Our findings clearly corroborate that hypervalent λ3‐benziodoxolones are involved in these organocatalytic reactions.  相似文献   
5.
In present study, a simultaneous derivatization and air‐assisted liquid–liquid microextraction method combined with gas chromatography–nitrogen phosphorous detection has been developed for the determination of some phenolic compounds in biological samples. The analytes are derivatized and extracted simultaneously by a fast reaction with 1‐flouro‐2,4‐dinitrobenzene under mild conditions. Under optimal conditions low limits of detection in the range of 0.05–0.34 ng mL?1 are achievable. The obtained extraction recoveries are between 84 and 97% and the relative standard deviations are less than 7.2% for intraday (n = 6) and interday (n = 4) precisions. The proposed method was demonstrated to be a simple and efficient method for the analysis of phenols in biological samples. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
6.
Metabolomics is a potential tool for the discovery of new biomarkers in the early diagnosis of diseases. An ultra-fast gas chromatography system equipped to an electronic nose detector (FGC eNose) was used to identify the metabolomic profile of Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) in type 2 diabetes (T2D) urine from Mexican population. A cross-sectional, comparative, and clinical study with translational approach was performed. We recruited twenty T2D patients and twenty-one healthy subjects. Urine samples were taken and analyzed by FGC eNose. Eighty-eight compounds were identified through Kovats's indexes. A natural variation of 30% between the metabolites, expressed by study groups, was observed in Principal Component 1 and 2 with a significant difference (p < 0.001). The model, performed through a Canonical Analysis of Principal coordinated (CAP), allowed a correct classification of 84.6% between healthy and T2D patients, with a 15.4% error. The metabolites 2-propenal, 2-propanol, butane- 2,3-dione and 2-methylpropanal, were increased in patients with T2D, and they were strongly correlated with discrimination between clinically healthy people and T2D patients. This study identified metabolites in urine through FGC eNose that can be used as biomarkers in the identification of T2D patients. However, more studies are needed for its implementation in clinical practice.  相似文献   
7.
飞行器液压导管受接头和卡箍等约束,在使用的振动环境中,会因弯曲应力而导致破裂,影响到飞行安全.本文对飞行器液压系统通用的不锈钢导管的裂纹萌生寿命进行了试验研究.首先在对8 mm、12 mm 无缺陷导管和含U 型缺口8 mm 导管的疲劳试验和有限元分析的基础上,得到了导管的最大拉应变-裂纹萌生寿命数据.然后采用基于强度极限和弹性模量估算法的Manson-Coffin 公式来预测导管裂纹萌生寿命.最后引入加载类型修正系数、表面质量修正系数、试样尺寸修正系数、应力集中敏感系数和有效应力集中系数,使修正后的公式对三种类型的导管均有较好的裂纹萌生寿命预测精度.  相似文献   
8.
Transition‐metal complexes containing stimuli‐responsive systems are attractive for applications in optical devices, photonic memory, photosensing, as well as luminescence imaging. Amongst them, photochromic metal complexes offer the possibility of combining the specific properties of the metal centre and the optical response of the photochromic group. The synthesis, the electrochemical properties and the photophysical characterisation of a series of donor–acceptor azobenzene derivatives that possess bipyridine groups connected to a 4‐dialkylaminoazobenzene moiety through various linkers are presented. DFT and TD‐DFT calculations were performed to complement the experimental findings and contribute to their interpretation. The position and nature of the linker (ethynyl, triazolyl, none) were engineered and shown to induce different electronic coupling between donor and acceptor in ligands and complexes. This in turn led to strong modulations in terms of photoisomerisation of the ligands and complexes.  相似文献   
9.
The first immobilized catalyst for Ir‐catalyzed asymmetric allylic aminations is described. The catalyst is a cationic (π‐allyl)Ir complex bound by cation exchange to an anionic silica gel support. Preparation of the catalyst is facile, and the supported catalyst displayed considerably enhanced activity compared with the parent homogeneous catalyst. Up to 43 consecutive amination runs were possible in recycling experiments.  相似文献   
10.
Mono‐ and octa‐azobenzene‐functionalized cage silsesquioxanes were easily synthesized by the reaction of 4‐bromoazobenzene with monovinyl‐substituted octasilsesquioxane and cubic octavinylsilsesquioxane through the Heck coupling reaction. Excited‐state energies obtained from time‐dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) and the CAM‐B3LYP functional correlate very well with experimental trans–cis photoisomerization results from UV/Vis spectroscopy. These azobenzene‐functionalized cages exhibit good thermal stability and are fluorescent with maximum emission at approximately 400 nm, making them potential materials for blue‐light emission.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号