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1.
In this study, the transverse relaxation time (T2) of activated carbon (AC) in different relative environment humidity was detected firstly by low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (LFNMR). The pore size (diameter) of AC distributions was calculated by the relationship between T2 and surface relaxation rate (ρ), where ρ was obtained by the detection of nine porous materials with known pore size. The results showed that the pore size distributions of AC calculated by ρ < 0.19 nm/ms were in good agreement with that obtained by nitrogen adsorption method and proved that LFNMR as a new detection method was feasible for characterizing AC pore size distribution.  相似文献   
2.
Zhang  Bing  Yang  Jie-qin  Liu  Ying  Hu  Bin  Yang  Yang  Zhao  Li  Lu  Qiang 《Cellulose (London, England)》2022,29(12):6565-6578
Cellulose - Heating is essential in various biomass pre-treatments and thermal conversion processes. It is of practical significance to study the characteristics of cellulose-lignin and...  相似文献   
3.
Let R be a Noetherian unique factorization domain such that 2 and 3 are units,and let A=R[α]be a quartic extension over R by adding a rootαof an irreducible quartic polynomial p(z)=z4+az2+bz+c over R.We will compute explicitly the integral closure of A in its fraction field,which is based on a proper factorization of the coefficients and the algebraic invariants of p(z).In fact,we get the factorization by resolving the singularities of a plane curve defined by z4+a(x)z2+b(x)z+c(x)=0.The integral closure is expressed as a syzygy module and the syzygy equations are given explicitly.We compute also the ramifications of the integral closure over R.  相似文献   
4.
Embedding endohdedral metallofullerenes (EMFs) into electron donor–acceptor systems is still a challenging task owing to their limited quantities and their still largely unexplored chemical properties. In this study, we have performed a 1,3‐dipolar cycloaddition reaction of a corrole‐based precursor with Sc3N@C80 to regioselectively form a [5,6]‐adduct ( 1 ). The successful attachment of the corrole moiety was confirmed by mass spectrometry. In the electronic ground state, absorption spectra suggest sizeable electronic communications between the electron acceptor and the electron donor. Moreover, the addition pattern occurring at a [5,6]‐bond junction is firmly proven by NMR spectroscopy and electrochemical investigations performed with 1 . In the electronically excited state, which is probed in photophysical assays with 1 , a fast electron‐transfer yields the radical ion pair state consisting of the one‐electron‐reduced Sc3N@C80 and of the one‐electron‐oxidized corrole upon its exclusive photoexcitation. As such, our results shed new light on the practical work utilizing EMFs as building blocks in photovoltaics.  相似文献   
5.
The current study attempted, for the first time, to qualitatively and quantitatively determine the phytochemical components of Elatostema papillosum methanol extract and their biological activities. The present study represents an effort to correlate our previously reported biological activities with a computational study, including molecular docking, and ADME/T (absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion/toxicity) analyses, to identify the phytochemicals that are potentially responsible for the antioxidant, antidepressant, anxiolytic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activities of this plant. In the gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis, a total of 24 compounds were identified, seven of which were documented as being bioactive based on their binding affinities. These seven were subjected to molecular docking studies that were correlated with the pharmacological outcomes. Additionally, the ADME/T properties of these compounds were evaluated to determine their drug-like properties and toxicity levels. The seven selected, isolated compounds displayed favorable binding affinities to potassium channels, human serotonin receptor, cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1), COX-2, nuclear factor (NF)-κB, and human peroxiredoxin 5 receptor proteins. Phytol acetate, and terpene compounds identified in E. papillosum displayed strong predictive binding affinities towards the human serotonin receptor. Furthermore, 3-trifluoroacetoxypentadecane showed a significant binding affinity for the KcsA potassium channel. Eicosanal showed the highest predicted binding affinity towards the human peroxiredoxin 5 receptor. All of these findings support the observed in vivo antidepressant and anxiolytic effects and the in vitro antioxidant effects observed for this extract. The identified compounds from E. papillosum showed the lowest binding affinities towards COX-1, COX-2, and NF-κB receptors, which indicated the inconsequential impacts of this extract against the activities of these three proteins. Overall, E. papillosum appears to be bioactive and could represent a potential source for the development of alternative medicines; however, further analytical experiments remain necessary.  相似文献   
6.
近年来深度卷积神经网络在可见光船舶检测方面取得了显著的进展,然而,大多数相关研究是通过改进大型的网络结构来提高检测性能,因此加大了对更高计算机性能的需求。此外,可见光图像难以在云、雾、海杂波、黑夜等复杂场景检测到船舶。针对以上问题,提出了一种融合红(red, R)、绿(green, G)、蓝(blue, B)和近红外(NIR)4个波段光谱信息的由粗到精细的轻量型船舶检测算法。与现有的方法中根据光谱特性利用水体检测算法提取水体区域不同之处是该算法是利用改进的水体检测算法来提取船舶候选区域。为获取更准确的候选区域,对船舶、厚云、薄云、平静海面、杂波海面5种场景中4个波段的像素值进行了统计分析,选取近红外大于阈值作为辅助判断,并以其中心点获取候选区域32×32大小的切片,并对切片进行非极大值抑制,由此获得了船舶粗检测结果。随后构建了轻量级LSGFNet网络对船舶候选区域切片进行精细识别。构建的网络融合了1×1卷积提取的波谱特征与3×3的提取几何特征,为防止光谱特征与几何特征的信息在融合时“信息不流通”,在LSGFNet网络中引入了ShuffleNet中的通道打乱机制,并减小了模型结构,与典型的轻量级网络相比具有更好的效果且模型较小。最后,利用Sentinel-2卫星多光谱10 m分辨率数据构建了512×512大小的1 120组数据进行粗检测,以及32×32大小的6 014组数据进行精细网络训练,其中候选区域粗提取的查全率为98.99%,精细识别网络精确度为96.04%,不同场景下的平均精确度为92.98%。实验表明该算法在抑制云层、海浪杂波等干扰的复杂背景下具有较高的检测效率,且训练时间短、计算机性能需求低。  相似文献   
7.
高能重带电粒子能直接穿透靶原子核外电子层,与原子核发生直接碰撞,发生散裂反应,产生一系列具有放射性的剩余产物核.重带电粒子诱发靶材放射性剩余核与辐射防护和人员安全有着密切联系,当前,大部分剩余核产额主要依靠蒙特卡罗粒子输运程序进行模拟计算,其准确程度亟需通过实验测量进行准确评估.本文利用能量为80.5 MeV/u的(12)^C6+粒子对薄铜靶开展了辐照实验与伽玛射线测量,结合伽玛谱学分析方法,得出了辐照产生的18种放射性剩余产物的初始活度和产生截面值,并与PHITS模拟结果进行对比.结果表明,PHITS模拟程序对放射性剩余核种类的估计具有较高可靠性,在其绝对产额方面,与实验测量仍具有较大偏差.  相似文献   
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本文主要讨论Fréchet空间上ε-等距线性算子的等距逼近问题,证明了任意有限维Fréchet空间之间的等距逼近问题都是肯定的;无穷维Fréchet空间(s)空间上的等距逼近问题也是肯定的.  相似文献   
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