首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   778篇
  免费   12篇
化学   518篇
晶体学   3篇
力学   22篇
数学   36篇
物理学   211篇
  2023年   4篇
  2022年   7篇
  2021年   14篇
  2020年   14篇
  2019年   22篇
  2018年   16篇
  2017年   11篇
  2016年   24篇
  2015年   22篇
  2014年   28篇
  2013年   73篇
  2012年   32篇
  2011年   42篇
  2010年   39篇
  2009年   23篇
  2008年   42篇
  2007年   36篇
  2006年   32篇
  2005年   40篇
  2004年   40篇
  2003年   32篇
  2002年   26篇
  2001年   7篇
  2000年   9篇
  1999年   15篇
  1998年   4篇
  1997年   3篇
  1996年   10篇
  1995年   17篇
  1994年   8篇
  1993年   3篇
  1992年   10篇
  1991年   2篇
  1990年   3篇
  1989年   7篇
  1988年   3篇
  1987年   9篇
  1985年   8篇
  1984年   3篇
  1983年   2篇
  1982年   3篇
  1981年   7篇
  1979年   4篇
  1977年   8篇
  1976年   6篇
  1975年   3篇
  1974年   2篇
  1973年   2篇
  1966年   3篇
  1954年   1篇
排序方式: 共有790条查询结果,搜索用时 15 毫秒
1.
Let A be a nonempty finite subset of an additive abelian group G and let r and h be positive integers. The generalized h-fold sumset of A, denoted by \(h^{(r)}A\), is the set of all sums of h elements of A, where each element appears in a sum at most r times. The direct problem for \(h^{(r)}A\) is to find a lower bound for \(|h^{(r)}A|\) in terms of |A|. The inverse problem for \(h^{(r)}A\) is to determine the structure of the finite set A for which \(|h^{(r)}A|\) is minimal with respect to some fixed value of |A|. If \(G = \mathbb {Z}\), the direct and inverse problems are well studied. In case of \(G = \mathbb {Z}/p\mathbb {Z}\), p a prime, the direct problem has been studied very recently by Monopoli (J. Number Theory, 157 (2015) 271–279). In this paper, we express the generalized sumset \(h^{(r)}A\) in terms of the regular and restricted sumsets. As an application of this result, we give a new proof of the theorem of Monopoli and as the second application, we present new proofs of direct and inverse theorems for the case \(G = \mathbb {Z}\).  相似文献   
2.
An unprecedented base promoted domino approach has been developed for the synthesis of pyridin-2-yl urea derivatives via the reaction of 2-aminopyridinium salts and arylamines. The developed strategy tolerated a wide range of functional groups and afforded pyridin-2-yl ureas in moderate to good yields. The reaction was postulated to involve tandem cyclization, intermolecular nucleophilic addition, ring opening, and demethylation.  相似文献   
3.
Acetone extract of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) was found to be highest total phenol and flavonoid content among all extracts. Antioxidant activity for inhibition percentage (free radical scavenging activity) had 86.47% for acetone extract, and 97.36% for ascorbic acid respectively. IC50 value of ascorbic acid and acetone extact were found to be 9 μg/mL ± 0.20 and 30 μg/mL ± 0.21. Faba bean seeds had catechin, epicatechin, gallic acid and ellagic acid which on molecular docking study revealed that it binds effectively with xanthine oxidase by binding energy of –7.78, –6.11, –6.39, –5.78 kcal/mol respectively compared to allopurinol drug having binding energy of –4.94 kcal/mol. Gallic acid, ellagic acid, catechin, epicatechin (polyphenols) and allopurinol bind other than catalytic residues (Glu-1261) of xanthine oxidase. In vitro and in silico analysis recommended that mode of enzyme inhibition was mixed type.  相似文献   
4.
5.
6.
The pyrolysis of propane plays an important role in determining the combustion properties of natural gas mixtures and offers insight into the cracking patterns of larger fuels. This work investigates propane pyrolysis behind reflected shock waves with a multiwavelength laser-absorption speciation technique. Nine laser wavelengths, sensitive to key pyrolysis species, were used to measure absorbance time histories during the decomposition of 2% propane in argon between 1022 and 1467 K, 3.7-4.3 atm. Absorbance models were developed at each diagnostic wavelength to interrogate common initial conditions, and time histories of all major species are reported at 1250, 1290, 1330, 1370, and 1410 K. Nearly complete carbon recovery observed at lower temperatures enabled the inference of hydrogen formation from atomic conservation, while decaying carbon recovery at high temperatures suggests the formation of allene and 1-butene. The results show systematically faster pyrolysis than predicted by kinetic modeling and motivate further study into the kinetics of propane pyrolysis.  相似文献   
7.
Substituted pyrroles are prevalent aromatic ring systems encountered in numerous natural products and bioactive molecules. Herein, a novel ynamide scaffold has been designed, synthesized and subsequently applied to an unprecedented gold-catalyzed and para-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA)-assisted cascade cycloisomerization reaction for the synthesis of β-pyrrole substituted α,β-unsaturated ketones. Notably, the reaction is stereoselective, offering E-isomer as major product with low to moderate yield.  相似文献   
8.
9.
Cellulose nanocrystal-reinforced poly(vinyl alcohol)/silica glass hybrid scaffolds were fabricated using the freeze-drying method. In this study, we develop molecular-level-based hybrid scaffolds with possible bioactivity behavior by adding silica sol–gel. The results showed a highly porous structure and a significant improvement in mechanical performance (stiffness) of hybrid scaffolds with an increased content of cellulose nanocrystals followed by the addition of silica-based bioactive glass. In vitro cell study with MC3T3-E1 cells on hybrid scaffolds for 1 and 3 days revealed good cell adhesion and growth. Thus, the obtained hybrid scaffold may be a competitive candidate for bone tissue engineering applications.  相似文献   
10.
The Langmuir monolayer at an air–water interface shows remarkably different surface pressure (π)–area (A) isotherm, when measured with the surface normal of a Wilhelmy plate parallel or perpendicular to the direction of compression of the monolayer. Such difference arises due to difference in stress exerted by the monolayer on the plate in different direction. In this article, we report the effect of changing the direction of substrate normal with respect to the compression of the monolayer during Langmuir–Blodgett (LB) film deposition on the morphology of the films. The morphology of the LB film of stearic acid is studied using an atomic force microscope. The morphology of the LB films is found to be different due to difference in the stress in different directions. The role of such surface morphology on the alignment of a nematic liquid crystal (LC) in LC cells is studied. The granular texture of LB films of stearic acid supports the homogeneous alignment of the LC whereas the uniform texture supports the homeotropic alignment of the LC.  相似文献   
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号