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1.
Additive manufacturing (AM), otherwise known as three‐dimensional (3D) printing, is driving major innovations in many areas, such as engineering, manufacturing, art, education, and medicine. Although a considerable amount of progress has been made in this field, additional research work is required to overcome various remaining challenges. Recently, one of the actively researched areas lies in the AM of smart materials and structures. Electroactive materials incorporated in 3D printing have given birth to 4D printing, where 3D printed structures can perform as actuating and/or sensing systems, making it possible to deliver electrical signals under external mechanical stimuli and vice versa. In this paper, we present a lightweight, low cost piezoelectric material based on the dispersion of inorganic ferroelectric submicron particles in a polymer matrix. We report on how the proposed material is compatible with the AM process. Finally, we discuss its potential applications for healthcare, especially in smart implants prostheses. © 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2019 , 57, 109–115  相似文献   
2.
Given a sequence A = (a 1, …, a n ) of real numbers, a block B of A is either a set B = {a i , a i+1, …, a j } where ij or the empty set. The size b of a block B is the sum of its elements. We show that when each a i ∈ [0, 1] and k is a positive integer, there is a partition of A into k blocks B 1, …, B k with |b i ?b j | ≤ 1 for every i, j. We extend this result in several directions.  相似文献   
3.
The three‐dimensional solution conformation of teicoplanin aglycone was determined using NMR spectroscopy. A combination of NOE and dihedral angle restraints in a DMSO solvation model was used to calculate an ensemble of structures having a root mean square deviation of 0.17 Å. The structures were generated using systematic searches of conformational space for optimal satisfaction of distance and dihedral angle restraints. Comparison of the NMR‐derived structure of teicoplanin aglycone with the X‐ray structure of a teicoplanin aglycone analog revealed a common backbone conformation with deviation of two aromatic side chain substituents. Experimentally determined backbone 13C chemical shifts showed good agreement with those computed at the density functional level of theory, providing a cross validation of the backbone conformation. The flexible portion of the molecule was consistent with the region that changes conformation to accommodate protein binding. The results showed that a hydrogen‐bonded DMSO molecule in combination with NMR‐derived restraints together enabled calculation of structures that satisfied experimental data. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   
4.
This work discusses efficient and automated methods for constructing a set of representative resonance structures for arbitrary chemical species, including radicals and biradicals, consisting of the elements H, C, O, N, and S. Determining the representative reactive structures of chemical species is crucial for identification of reactive sites and consequently applying the correct reaction templates to generate the set of important reactions during automated chemical kinetic model generation. We describe a fundamental set of resonance pathway types, accounting for simple resonating structures, as well as global approaches for polycyclic aromatic species. Automatically discovering potential localized structures along with filtration to identify the representative structures was shown to be robust and relatively fast. The algorithms discussed here were recently implemented in the Reaction Mechanism Generator (RMG) software. The final structures proposed by this method were found to be in reasonable agreement with quantum chemical computation results of localized structure contributions to the resonance hybrid.  相似文献   
5.
The electrooxidation of a (~3: 1) mixture of trifluoroacetic and 10-undecylenic acids in MeCN with an aqueous KOH addition on different anodic catalysts was studied. The oxidation of trifluoroacetate ions that forms trifluoromethyl radicals is the key stage of the process, while 10-undecylenic acid seems to be merely an acceptor of the electrogenerated radicals, i.e., shows the chemical properties characteristic of olefins. The galvanostatic electrolysis of trifluoroacetic and 10-undecylenic acids led to a mixture of the products of trifluoromethylation of the latter and the products of coupling of the formed radical species. According to a qualitative estimation, the total yield of these products was 74%.  相似文献   
6.
Purification of a number of silicon derivatives (chloride, lower alcoholates) formed in processing of high-purity silicon for electronic and electrical industries was considered. It was found that high-purity substances suitable for use in electronics and optics can be produced from industrial wastes.  相似文献   
7.
The electrochemical properties of sixteen tri- and tetranuclear chalcogenide-bridged heterometallic clusters in comparison with the tetrahedral clusters Cp′4M4S4 (M = Cr, V; Cp′ = CH3C5H4) simulating ferredoxins were studied. For complexes with μ4-coordination of the chalcogen, only reduction processes involving the metal-heterometal bonds are reversible. For complexes with μ3-coordination of the chalcogen, the oxidation processes are reversible except for triiron-chalcogen-pnicogenide clusters having an easily and reversibly oxidizable E-Fe(CO)2C5H4Bu-t bond (E = Sb, Bi) at the pnicogen atom. The electron-compensating role of the lone pair at the bridging chalcogen atom in the stabilization of the oxidation products of the clusters is discussed.  相似文献   
8.
We considered a deep cleaning of 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexamethyldisilazane used in microelectronics and organoelement synthesis from a series of homogeneous and heterogeneous admixtures by various physicochemical methods.  相似文献   
9.
A new ruthenium complex, (4-carboxy-1,10-phenantroline-7-carboxylate)(4,7-dicarboxy-1,10-phenantroline)(2-phenylpyridino-2C,N) ruthenium(II), was obtained for the application as a sensitizer in photoelectrochemical converters (PECC). Electrochemical and spectral characteristics of the compound were studied. It was found that the illumination of PECC with AM 1.5 100 mW/cm2 solar spectrum simulator provides short circuit current density of 3.9 mA cm?2 and broken circuit voltage of 0.47 V. PECC efficiency is 1.4% at fillfactor 76%. The lifetimes of charge carriers (electrons) and their transit time determined by modulation spectroscopy were found to be 28 and 4 ms, respectively.  相似文献   
10.
In order to meet the potential need for emergency large-scale retrospective radiation biodosimetry following an accident or attack, we have developed instrumentation and methodology for in vivo electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy to quantify concentrations of radiation-induced radicals within intact teeth. This technique has several very desirable characteristics for triage, including independence from confounding biologic factors, a non-invasive measurement procedure, the capability to make measurements at any time after the event, suitability for use by non-expert operators at the site of an event, and the ability to provide immediate estimates of individual doses. Throughout development there has been a particular focus on the need for a deployable system, including instrumental requirements for transport and field use, the need for high throughput, and use by minimally trained operators.Numerous measurements have been performed using this system in clinical and other non-laboratory settings, including in vivo measurements with unexposed populations as well as patients undergoing radiation therapies. The collection and analyses of sets of three serially-acquired spectra with independent placements of the resonator, in a data collection process lasting approximately five minutes, provides dose estimates with standard errors of prediction of approximately 1 Gy. As an example, measurements were performed on incisor teeth of subjects who had either received no irradiation or 2 Gy total body irradiation for prior bone marrow transplantation; this exercise provided a direct and challenging test of our capability to identify subjects who would be in need of acute medical care.  相似文献   
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