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1.
Abstract

Four new heteroleptic copper(I) complexes bearing either 2-pyridyl-1,2,3-triazole (pytri) or the related triphenylamine (TPA) substituted (TPA-tripy) ligands and the ancillary ligands 6,6′-dimesityl-2,2′-bipyridine (diMesbpy) or bis[(2-diphenylphosphino)phenyl] ether (POP) were synthesized in good yields (75-95%). All the complexes were extensively characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopies and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) and in the case of the two pytri compounds the solid state structures were determined via X-ray crystallography. The pytri complexes showed MLCT absorption bands which shift from 433?nm for the diMesbpy complex to 347?nm for POP. TPA-pytri complexes introduce an ILCT band resulting in improved visible absorption (376?nm, 26,400 M?1 cm?1 for [Cu(TPA-pytri)(diMesbpy)](PF6)). Emission from this ILCT state (470?nm, Φ?=?0.08) was red-shifted compared to the free ligand with negligible effects from ancillary ligands. Band assignments were confirmed with resonance Raman spectroscopy and TD-DFT calculations.  相似文献   
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The reactions of the Mannich reagent Et3SiOCH2NMe2 ( 1 ) with a variety of anilines (mono-substituted RC6H4NH2, R=H, 4-CN, 4-NO2, 4-Ph, 4-Me, 4-MeO, 4-Me2N; di-substituted R2C6H3NH2, R2=3,5-(CH3)2, 3,5-(CF3)2; tri-substituted R3C6H2NH2, R3=3,5-Me2-4-Br and a “super bulky” aniline (Ar*NH2) [Ar*=2,6-bis(diphenylmethyl)-4-tert-butylphenyl]) led to the formation of a range of products dependent upon the substituent. With electron-withdrawing substituents, previously unknown diamines, RC6H4NH(CH2NMe2) [R=CN ( 2 a ), NO2 ( 2 b )] and R2C6H3NH(CH2NMe2) [R2=3,5-(CF3)2 ( 2 c) ] were formed. Further reaction of 2 a , b , c with 1 yielded the corresponding triamines RC6H4N(CH2NMe2)2 (R=CN ( 3 a ), NO2 ( 3 b ) and R2C6H3N(CH2NMe2)2, R2=3,5-(CF3)2 ( 3 c ). The new polyamines were characterized by NMR spectroscopy, and for 2 a , 2 c , and 3 c , by single crystal XRD. In the case of electron-donating groups, R=4-OMe, 4-NMe2, 4-Me, 3,5-Me2, 3,5-Me2-4-Br, and for R=4-Ph, the reactions with 1 immediately led to the formation of the related 1,3,5-triazines, R=4-MeO ( 5 a ), 4-Me2N ( 5 b ), 4-Me ( 5 c ), 3,5-Me2 ( 5 d ), 3,5-Me2-4-Br ( 5 e ), 4-Ph ( 5 f ), 4-Cl ( 5 g ). The “super bulky” aniline rapidly produced a single product, namely the corresponding imine Ar*N=CH2 ( 4 ) which was also characterized by single crystal XRD. Imine 4 is both thermally and oxidatively stable. All reactions are very fast, thus based upon the presence of Si we are tempted to denote the reactions of 1 as examples of “Silick” chemistry.  相似文献   
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The binding of vitamin B12 derivatives to human B12 transporter proteins is strongly influenced by the type and site of modification of the cobalamin original structure. We have prepared the first cobalamin derivative modified at the phosphate moiety. The reaction conditions were fully optimized and its limitations examined. The resulting derivatives, particularly those bearing terminal alkyne and azide groups, were isolated and used in copper‐catalyzed alkyne–azide cycloaddition reactions (CuAAC). Their sensitivity towards light revealed their potential as photocleavable molecules. The binding abilities of selected derivatives were examined and compared with cyanocobalamin. The interaction of the alkylated derivatives with haptocorrin was less affected than the interaction with intrinsic factor. Furthermore, the configuration of the phosphate moiety was irrelevant to the binding process.  相似文献   
7.
High brightness amine‐terminated silicon nanocrystals (Si NCs) have been utilized in a simple and rapid assay for the highly selective and sensitive detection of Fe3+ via quenching of their strong blue luminescence, without the need for analyte‐specific labeling groups. Sensitive detection of Fe3+ is successfully demonstrated, with a linear relationship observed between luminescence quenching and Fe3+ concentration from 5 × 10?6 to 900 × 10?6m and a limit of detection of 1.3 × 10?6m . The Si NCs show excellent selectivity toward Fe3+ ions, with no quenching of the luminescence signal induced by the presence of Fe2+ ions, allowing for solution phase discrimination between the ionic species in different charge states.  相似文献   
8.
An NMR‐based approach marries the two traditional screening technologies (phenotypic and target‐based screening) to find compounds inhibiting a specific enzymatic reaction in bacterial cells. Building on a previous study in which it was demonstrated that hydrolytic decomposition of meropenem in living Escherichia coli cells carrying New Delhi metallo‐β‐lactamase subclass 1 (NDM‐1) can be monitored in real time by NMR spectroscopy, we designed a cell‐based NMR screening platform. A strong NDM‐1 inhibitor was identified with cellular IC50 of 0.51 μM , which is over 300‐fold more potent than captopril, a known NDM‐1 inhibitor. This new screening approach has great potential to be applied to targets in other cell types, such as mammalian cells, and to targets that are only stable or functionally competent in the cellular environment.  相似文献   
9.
Data on personal sun exposure over a period exceeding the immediate past days or weeks are typically self‐reported in brief questionnaire items. The validity of such self‐reporting of longer term personal sun exposure, for example over a year, including detail on variation across seasons, has not previously been investigated. In a volunteer sample (n = 331) of Australian adults aged 18 years and over, we assessed the 12‐month reliability of sun exposure reported separately for each season, and its accuracy compared to a daily sun diary in the same season. Seasonal time outdoors displayed fair‐to‐good reliability between baseline and end of study (12 months), with responses showing higher agreement at lower levels of time outdoors. There was good agreement for ranking of individuals' time outdoors with the daily sun diary data, although the actual diary time outdoors was typically considerably lower than the self‐reported questionnaire data. Place of residence, education, being a smoker, day of the week (i.e. working day vs nonworking day) and working mainly outdoors were significant predictors of agreement. While participants overestimated their actual time outdoors, the self‐report questionnaire provided a valid ranking of long‐term sun exposure against others in the study that was reliable over time.  相似文献   
10.
Propane dehydrogenation is an important field of research due to an increasing world-wide demand of propene while classical production routes through naphtha cracking are in decline. In that context, silica-supported Ga(III) sites, synthesized from surface organometallic chemistry principles, show high selectivity and stability in the propane dehydrogenation reaction. This performance is in significant contrast to the reported fast deactivation and lower selectivity of most Ga2O3 and CrO3 based materials. The Ga-catalyzed propane dehydrogenation reaction is proposed to proceed through the formation of Ga alkyl intermediates for which it would be desirable to have detailed structural and spectroscopic information. Here, we prepare a consistent series of Ga(III) molecular complexes with varying numbers of alkyl and siloxide ligands; they are characterized by single crystal X-Ray diffraction and X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure analysis, which is known to be highly sensitive to the Ga coordination environment. We report in particular the structure and the spectroscopic signatures of [Ga(iPr)(OSi(OtBu)3)2(HOSi(OtBu)3)], a molecular mimic of the key proposed reaction intermediates in the Ga-catalyzed PDH reaction.  相似文献   
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