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1.
以4-酮-3-甲酸甲酯哌啶盐酸盐为原料, 通过分子间环加成和N-烷基化反应, 合成了一系列潜在的多巴胺D4受体配基苯并吡喃[3,4-c]吡啶-5-酮类化合物, 并用1H NMR, IR, ESI-MS, 元素分析对其进行了表征.  相似文献   

2.
采用季胺基取代的水杨醛(由2,4-二羟基水杨醛、1,2-二溴乙烷、高氯酸钠等为原料合成)合成了两个新型Salen配体N,N'-二{4-[[2-(三甲胺基)乙基]氧化]水杨醛}-邻苯二胺二高氯酸盐(L1), N-(2-羟基-5-甲基二苯甲基)-N'-{4-[[2-(三甲胺基)乙基]氧化]水杨醛}-邻苯二胺高氯酸盐(L2), 并进一步合成了8个新型Salen金属配合物[ZnL1, NiL1, CuL1, ZnL2, NiL2, CuL2, MnL2, CoL2]. 用1H NMR, 13C NMR, FT-IR, UV-vis, MS对配体和配合物进行了表征, 测定了金属配合物的水溶性及在水中的摩尔电导率. 结果表明, 与相应母体配合物的水溶性比较, 含有季胺基修饰的Salen金属配合物的水溶性有了较大提高.  相似文献   

3.
以薯蓣皂素为原料, 经过磺酰酯化、N-溴代丁二酰亚胺(NBS)氧化加成、Pb(OAc)4远程氧化关环、消去反应、间氯过氧苯甲酸(mCPBA)氧化、高氯酸开环及锌粉还原7步反应, 合成多羟基甾体25(R)-异螺甾环-5-烯-2β,3α,19-三醇. 并用IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS及元素分析对各中间体及目标化合物进行了表征.  相似文献   

4.
以3-硝基邻苯二甲腈为起始原料, 与正戊醇反应合成3-戊氧基邻苯二甲腈(1), 然后在高温溶剂1-氯萘中经缩聚反应合成二氯-轴向取代-四-α-(3-戊氧基)锡酞菁(2), 2进一步与2-羟基吡啶在N,N-二甲基甲酰胺中合成二-吡啶氧基-轴向取代-四-α-(3-戊氧基)锡酞菁配合物3, 同时对相关化合物分别进行了元素分析, IR, 1H NMR, UV/Vis, 荧光和质谱表征.  相似文献   

5.
报道了N-{4-{N-甲基-N-[2-羟基-3-(2,4-二氧代-1,2,3,4-四氢嘧啶-5-基)氨基]丙基}氨基-3-溴}苯甲酰基-L-谷氨酸二乙酯及其衍生物的简便合成方法. 分别以4-氨基苯甲酸乙酯和4-氨基苯甲酰基-L-谷氨酸二乙酯为起始物, 经甲基化、烯丙基化、溴羟基化、环氧化、开环、脱保护等反应首次合成了6个新型5-取代氨基嘧啶类化合物, 并通过1H NMR, 13C NMR 和MS对其化学结构进行了表征. 初步生物活性结果表明, 苯环侧链的L-谷氨酸酯部分是此类化合物抑制人重组二氢叶酸还原酶的必需结构.  相似文献   

6.
合成了未见文献报道的水溶性很好的2,4,4'-三羟基脱氧安息香-3'-磺酸钴, 采用IR, UV, 1H NMR和元素分析对其进行了表征, 并利用X射线单晶衍射仪测定了该化合物的晶体结构. 使用荧光光谱法检测了化合物对羟基自由基的清除作用, 紫外光谱法检测其对超氧自由基的清除作用. 实验结果表明, 2,4,4'-三羟基脱氧安息香-3'-磺酸钴[C28H46CoO26S2]属于单斜晶系, 空间群C2/c, a=3.3937(3) nm, b=0.85180(7) nm, c=1.37455(11) nm, α=90°, β=97.8200(10)°, γ=90°, Z=4, V=3.9365(5) nm3, Dc=1.555 g/cm3, F(000)=1924, R1=0.0329, wR2=0.0852, 具有较好的清除羟基自由基和超氧自由基的作用.  相似文献   

7.
8-羟基喹啉衍生物及其金属配合物的合成与光致发光特性   总被引:6,自引:0,他引:6  
设计合成了三种新型的8-羟基喹啉衍生物配体: 5-[(4-E-苯乙烯基)-苯甲亚胺基]-8-羟基喹啉(1), 5-[(4-溴-2-氟)-苯甲亚胺基]-8-羟基喹啉(2)和N-乙基-3-[2-(8-羟基喹啉基)-乙烯基]咔唑(3), 以及它们相应的金属配合物, 产物经质谱(MS)、元素分析(EA)、红外光谱(IR)、紫外光谱(UV)、核磁共振氢谱(1H NMR)进行表征, 并测定了它们的荧光性质. 结果与8-羟基喹啉比较表明, 5位和2位取代8-羟基喹啉衍生物的荧光发生了明显的红移. 同时测定了配合物(3)2Zn的荧光寿命, 结果表明, N-乙基-3-[2-(8-羟基喹啉基)-乙烯基]咔唑锌配合物表现出较长的荧光寿命.  相似文献   

8.
采用微波辐射和相转移催化技术, 在K2CO3存在下利用PEG-400作相转移催化剂, 经过N-烷化、水解和酸化等步骤合成了10种尚未见文献报道的2-芳氧甲基苯并咪唑-1-乙酸衍生物. 经元素分析, FT-IR, 1H NMR和13C NMR确证了其结构. 生物活性实验结果表明该系列化合物对小麦幼苗根系和芽的生长均有明显的调节活性.  相似文献   

9.
以3,5-二氯吡啶为原料, 通过取代、硝化合成了3-甲氧基-5-氯-2,6-二硝基吡啶, 由X射线单晶衍射, IR, 1H NMR, MS及元素分析对其进行了表征. 晶体结构分析表明, 化合物为单斜晶系, 空间群P21/n, 晶胞参数a=0.66490(13) nm, b=1.0842(2) nm, c=1.2715(3) nm, β=95.55(3)°, V=0.9123(3) nm3; Z=4, Dc=1.701 g•cm-3; F(000)=472; μ=0.426 mm-1.  相似文献   

10.
以邻硝基苯酚、环氧氯丙烷、乙酰丙酮或苯甲酰丙酮为原料,经醚化、硝基还原及缩合等反应,合成含羟基功能基的席夫碱化合物1[1,3-二(2-胺基苯氧基)-2-丙醇)缩双乙酰丙酮]和2(1,3-二(2-胺基苯氧基)-2-丙醇)缩双苯甲酰丙酮)。化合物2与Cu(OAc)2·4H2O反应得到单核铜(Ⅱ)配合物3。用元素分析、1H NMR、IR、UV-Vis和MS等进行表征。用X射线衍射单晶结构分析方法测定了席夫碱化合物1和铜(Ⅱ)配合物3的晶体结构。晶体结构表明,席夫碱化合物1的分子具有非平面结构,配合物3的分子具有钳式结构,配合物通过分子中羟基功能基与相邻分子的配位氧原子间所形成的氢键作用扩展为一维链状结构。  相似文献   

11.
Using an in situ‐generated calcium‐based initiating species derived from pentaerythritol, the bulk synthesis of well‐defined four‐arm star poly(L ‐lactide) oligomers has been studied in detail. The substitution of the traditional initiator, stannous octoate with calcium hydride allowed the synthesis of oligomers that had both low PDIs and a comparable number of polymeric arms (3.7–3.9) to oligomers of similar molecular weight. Investigations into the degree of control observed during the course of the polymerization found that the insolubility of pentaerythritol in molten L ‐lactide resulted in an uncontrolled polymerization only when the feed mole ratio of L ‐lactide to pentaerythritol was 13. At feed ratios of 40 and greater, a pseudoliving polymerization was observed. As part of this study, in situ FT‐Raman spectroscopy was demonstrated to be a suitable method to monitor the kinetics of the ring‐opening polymerization of lactide. The advantages of using this technique rather than FTIR‐ATR and 1H NMR for monitoring L ‐lactide consumption during polymerization are discussed. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 47: 4736–4748, 2009  相似文献   

12.
Novel poly(ester carbonate)s were synthesized by the ring‐opening polymerization of L ‐lactide and functionalized carbonate monomer 9‐phenyl‐2,4,8,10‐tetraoxaspiro[5,5]undecan‐3‐one derived from pentaerythritol with diethyl zinc as an initiator. 1H NMR analysis revealed that the carbonate content in the copolymer was almost equal to that in the feed. DSC results indicated that Tg of the copolymer increased with increasing carbonate content in the copolymer. Moreover, the protecting benzylidene groups in the copolymer poly(L ‐lactide‐co‐9‐phenyl‐2,4,8,10‐tetraoxaspiro[5,5]undecan‐3‐one) were removed by hydrogenation with palladium hydroxide on activated charcoal as a catalyst to give a functional copolymer, poly(L ‐lactide‐co‐2,2‐dihydroxylmethyl‐propylene carbonate), containing pendant primary hydroxyl groups. Complete deprotection was confirmed by 1H NMR and FTIR spectroscopy. The in vitro degradation rate of the deprotected copolymers was faster than that of the protected copolymers in the presence of proteinase K. The cell morphology and viability on a copolymer film evaluated with ECV‐304 cells showed that poly(ester carbonate)s derived from pentaerythritol are good biocompatible materials suitable for biomedical applications. © 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 45:1737 –1745, 2007  相似文献   

13.
The H‐shaped copolymers, [poly(L ‐lactide)]2polystyrene [poly(L ‐lactide)]2, [(PLLA)2PSt(PLLA)2] have been synthesized by combination of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) with cationic ring‐opening polymerization (CROP). The first step of the synthesis is ATRP of St using α,α′‐dibromo‐p‐xylene/CuBr/2,2′‐bipyridine as initiating system, and then the PSt with two bromine groups at both chain ends (Br–PSt–Br) were transformed to four terminal hydroxyl groups via the reaction of Br–PSt–Br with diethanolamine in N,N‐dimethylformamide. The H‐shaped copolymers were produced by CROP of LLA, using PSt with four terminal hydroxyl groups as macroinitiator and Sn(Oct)2 as catalyst. The copolymers obtained were characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy and gel permeation chromatography. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 44: 2794–2801, 2006  相似文献   

14.
The synthesis of phenylquinoxaline oligomers of predictable molecular weight and with phenolic hydroxyl functional end groups is reported. The synthetic procedure utilizes 4-hydroxybenzil as a substituted monofunctional monomer in a conventional PPQ synthesis to both control molecular weight and introduce the functional end groups. The molecular weights of the oligomers were determined by derivatization of the hydroxyl end groups with 3-(trimethylsilyl)propionyl chloride, followed by 1H-NMR analysis. Comparison of the integration of the trimethylsilyl resonance to the aromatic resonances allowed calculation of the number average molecular weight. A plot of log(η) vs. log(Mn) correlated well with that reported for high molecular weight PPQ. The end groups influenced the solubility behavior of the oligomers in chlorinated solvents, possibly due to hydrogen bonding. The oligomers were chain-extendable to high molecular weight, confirming their suitability for utilization in copolymerizations to prepare phenylquinoxaline-based block copolymers.  相似文献   

15.
Resorbable poly(ester anhydride) networks based on ε‐caprolactone, L ‐lactide, and D,L ‐lactide oligomers were synthesized. The ring‐opening polymerization of the monomers yielded hydroxyl telechelic oligomers, which were end‐functionalized with succinic anhydride and reacted with methacrylic anhydride to yield dimethacrylated oligomers containing anhydride bonds. The degree of substitution, determined by 13C NMR, was over 85% for acid functionalization and over 90% for methacrylation. The crosslinking of the oligomers was carried out thermally with dibenzoyl peroxide at 120 °C, leading to polymer networks with glass‐transition temperatures about 10 °C higher than those of the constituent oligomers. In vitro degradation tests, in a phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.0) at 37 °C, revealed a rapid degradation of the networks. Crosslinked polymers based on lactides exhibited high water absorption and complete mass loss in 4 days. In ε‐caprolactone‐based networks, the length of the constituent oligomer determined the degradation: PCL5‐AH, formed from longer poly(ε‐caprolactone) (PCL) blocks, lost only 40% of its mass in 2 weeks, whereas PCL10‐AH, composed of shorter PCL blocks, completely degraded in 2 days. The degradation of PCL10‐AH showed characteristics of surface erosion, as the dimensions of the specimens decreased steadily and, according to Fourier transform infrared, labile anhydride bonds were still present after 90% mass loss. © 2003 The Authors. Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 41: 3788–3797, 2003  相似文献   

16.
Poly(caprolactone) (PCL) networks have received significant attention in the literature because of many emerging potential applications as biodegradable materials. In this study, the Michael addition reaction was used for the first time to synthesize biodegradable networks using crosslinking of acetoacetate‐functionalized PCL (PCL bisAcAc) oligomers with neopentyl glycol diacrylate. Hydroxyl‐terminated PCL telechelic oligomers with number‐average molecular weights ranging from 1000 to 4000 g/mol were quantitatively functionalized with acetoacetate groups using transacetoacetylation. In addition to difunctional PCL oligomers, hydroxyl‐terminated trifunctional star‐shaped PCL oligomers were functionalized with acetoacetate groups. Derivatization of the terminal hydroxyl groups with acetoacetate groups was confirmed using FTIR spectroscopy, 1H NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and base titration of hydroxyl end groups. PCL bisAcAc precursors were reacted with neopentyl glycol diacrylate in the presence of an organic base at room temperature. The crosslinking reactions yielded networks with high gel contents (>85%). The thermomechanical properties of the networks were analyzed to investigate the influence of molecular weight between crosslink points. The glass transition and the extent of crystallinity of the PCL networks were dependent on the molecular weight of the PCL segment. Dynamic mechanical analysis indicated that the plateau modulus of the networks was dependent on the molecular weight of PCL, which was related to the crosslink density of the networks. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 47: 5437–5447, 2009  相似文献   

17.
An amino isopropoxyl strontium (Sr‐PO) initiator, which was prepared by the reaction of propylene oxide with liquid strontium ammoniate solution, was used to carry out the ring‐opening polymerization (ROP) of cyclic esters to obtain aliphatic polyesters, such as poly(ε‐caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(L ‐lactide) (PLLA). The Sr‐PO initiator demonstrated an effective initiating activity for the ROP of ε‐caprolactone (ε‐CL) and L‐lactide (LLA) under mild conditions and adjusted the molecular weight by the ratio of monomer to Sr‐PO initiator. Block copolymer PCL‐b‐PLLA was prepared by sequential polymerization of ε‐CL and LLA, which was demonstrated by 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and gel permeation chromatography. The chemical structure of Sr‐PO initiator was confirmed by elemental analysis of Sr and N, 1H NMR analysis of the end groups in ε‐CL oligomer, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The end groups of PCL were hydroxyl and isopropoxycarbonyl, and FTIR spectroscopy showed the coordination between Sr‐PO initiator and model monomer γ‐butyrolactone. These experimental facts indicated that the ROP of cyclic esters followed a coordination‐insertion mechanism, and cyclic esters exclusively inserted into the Sr–O bond. © 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 41: 1934–1941, 2003  相似文献   

18.
The goal of this research is to synthesize biodegradable polymers that would have nitroxyl radical biological functions. Linear aliphatic polyesters were chosen as the starting materials. The hydroxyl‐terminated polylactide/?‐caprolactones (PBLC‐OHs) were first synthesized by melt ring‐opening copolymerization in the presence of benzyl alcohol and stannous octoate. PBLC‐OHs were used as the precursor for the synthesis of double bond‐functionalized polylactide/?‐caprolactones (PBLC‐Mas) by reacting the hydroxyl end groups of PBLC‐OH with maleic anhydride in melt at 130 °C. Acrylic acid/lactide/?‐caprolactone graft copolymers (PBLCAs) were then successfully carried out by the radical copolymerization of acrylic acid and PBLC‐Ma initiated by azobisisobutyronitrile. Finally, nitroxyl radicals [4‐amino‐2,2,6,6‐tetramethylpiperidine‐1‐oxy (TAM)] were incorporated into the carboxylic acid sites of the acrylic acid/lactide/?‐caprolactone copolymer (TAM‐PBLCA) by reacting TAM with PBLCA in the presence of N,N′‐carbonyl diimidazole. A high content of TAM was incorporated into the PBLCA copolymer. The polymers synthesized were characterized by 1H and 13C NMR, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectra. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 39: 4214–4226, 2001  相似文献   

19.
The synthesis of (L )‐lactide oligomers from dimer to 64mer via an exponential growth strategy is described. By careful selection of orthogonal protective groups, the synthesis were conducted using a t‐butyldimethylsilyl (TBDMS) ether as the protective group of the hydroxyl group and benzyl (Bn) ester as the protective group of the carboxylic acid group. The yields of both the deprotection steps and coupling reactions using 1,3‐dicyclohexylcarbodiimide or 1‐[3‐(dimethylamino)propyl]‐3‐ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride were high (70–100%) and the absence of a requirement for conducting the majority of reactions under an inert atmosphere permitted a robust and efficient synthetic strategy to be developed. This allowed monodisperse dimer, tetramer, octamer, 16mer, 32mer, and 64mer materials to be prepared in gram quantities and fully characterized using mass spectrometry and size exclusion chromatography. Evaluation of the thermal and physical properties using thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and small angle X‐ray scattering demonstrated a close correlation between the molecular structure of the well‐defined Poly(lactide) oligomers and their physical properties. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 46: 5977–5990, 2008  相似文献   

20.
Poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) oligomers were synthesized by combining template polymerization and copper‐mediated atom transfer polymerization with multivinyl monomer of β‐cyclodextrin (CD) having 20.4 methacryloyl groups on both primary and secondary hydroxyl group sides of CD scaffold, with 1,3‐dibromobutane as an initiator. The initiation and propagation sites of polymerized sequence of β‐CD were connected by postpolymerization of polymerized products with CuBr and tris[(2‐dimethylamino)ethyl]amine (Me6TREN) in a methanol/water mixture of 10 wt % of water. Polymerized and cyclized sequences, PMAA oligomers formed on the primary and the secondary hydroxyl group sides, were detached from β‐CD scaffold by hydrolysis. Molecular weights of PMAA oligomers were measured by GPC and matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time‐of‐flight mass measurement. By 1H NMR measurements, it was found that three types of cyclic PMAA were obtained by postpolymerization. The cyclization preferentially occurred on the secondary hydroxyl group side than on the primary hydroxyl group side. From the structures of cyclic PMAA, two reaction positions were proposed. © 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part A: Polym Chem 43: 6262–6271, 2005  相似文献   

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