首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
相似文献
 共查询到20条相似文献,搜索用时 180 毫秒
1.
选择氧合性能良好的组氨酸(His)-Co(Ⅱ)作为研究对象, 分别掩蔽—NH2、 取代—O-和去除—COO-, 得到短肽、 伪肽和多胺等类组氨酸结构. 采用UV-Vis光谱法研究了α-氨基酸中的3个官能团对其Co(Ⅱ)配合物氧合性能的影响. 对比研究表明: α-氨基酸中—NH2对其Co(Ⅱ)配合物的吸氧性具有决定作用; —COO-对其Co(Ⅱ)配合物氧合作用的可逆性起关键作用; 而—O-对其Co(Ⅱ)配合物的吸氧性影响不大. 在前期研究结果的基础上, 对α-氨基酸-Co(Ⅱ)配合物可逆吸收和释放O2的机理进行了探讨.  相似文献   

2.
朱诗敏  黄鑫  韩勰  刘思敏 《化学学报》2022,80(8):1066-1070
由于过渡金属配合物具有独特的光物理化学性质而被广泛研究. 其中Pt(Ⅱ)配合物发生组装时会因Pt(Ⅱ)-Pt(Ⅱ)之间的距离不同而显示不同的荧光特性, 而主客体相互作用可以影响发光小分子的排列及组装. 为进一步探究主客体相互作用对Pt(Ⅱ)配合物发光性能的影响, 设计合成了不同取代的N^C^N型Pt(Ⅱ)配合物, 研究了大环主体葫芦[10]脲(CB[10])对这类配合物的识别作用及包合物的光谱性质. 核磁共振氢谱和质谱证明CB[10]可与配合物以1∶2的比例结合. 紫外-可见吸收光谱和荧光发射光谱分析表明主客体作用对该类金属配合物光谱性质有较大影响, 所形成的主客体包合物的磷光寿命及量子产率都有不同程度的变化. 研究结果表明, CB[10]可通过包结两个Pt(Ⅱ)配合物分子, 拉近铂原子之间的距离, 增强该类配合物在水相中的Pt(II)…Pt(II)相互作用和π-π相互作用, 实现水相中的长寿命磷光发射. 同时, 主客体作用对这类金属配合物的力致变色性质也有一定的影响.  相似文献   

3.
叶欣  周惠琼  蒲金国  朱霞萍 《应用化学》2019,36(12):1462-1464
制备并表征了α-FeO(OH),探究了4种低相对分子质量有机酸(LMW)对α-FeO(OH)吸附As(Ⅲ)的影响,并阐明了机理。 单一和混合LMW对α-FeO(OH)吸附As(Ⅲ)均有抑制作用,4种LMW的影响大小顺序为:草酸(OA)>柠檬酸(CA)>乳酸(LA)、水杨酸(SA)。 混合LMW的影响为:OA会加剧CA对α-FeO(OH)吸附As(Ⅲ)的影响,而SA几乎不起作用。 当ρ(As(Ⅲ))较低,LMW通过与α-FeO(OH)的静电引力、与α-FeO(OH)表面的铁离子形成配合物、生成沉淀从而影响α-FeO(OH)对As(Ⅲ)的吸附;当ρ(As(Ⅲ))较高,LMW还通过阻碍As(Ⅲ)在α-FeO(OH)上的扩散和沉淀作用产生影响。 实验结果为土壤中As(Ⅲ)的迁移转化、污染治理提供技术支撑。  相似文献   

4.
研究了13种钴(Ⅱ)-氨基酸配合物的可逆氧合性能和催化性能之间的关系, 通过配合物活化分子氧(O2)氧化环己烯考察其催化性能. 结果表明, 13种钴(Ⅱ)-氨基酸配合物均具有不同程度的可逆氧合性能和催化活性. 配合物完成一个可逆吸氧周期的用时越短, 其可逆氧合性能越好, 催化性能越差; 相反, 吸氧周期长及可逆氧合性能差的配合物其催化性能却更好. 另外, 在对配合物不同配比的研究中发现, Co(Ⅱ)与氨基酸的摩尔比为1:3(或1:2)饱和配位时, 可逆吸氧性能较好, 但其催化性能较差, 环己烯转化率较低; 在1:1型配位不饱和时, 吸氧的可逆性较差, 但催化性能优良, 环己烯的转化率可达82.5%. 结合结构分析和理论计算的结果可知, 不同钴(Ⅱ)-氨基酸配合物的氧合可逆性和催化性能的差异, 主要归因于氨基酸配体的残基与Co(Ⅱ)的结合能力的不同. 氨基酸配体的残基与Co(Ⅱ)的结合能力越好, 越有利于配合物由高自旋态向低自旋态转化, 并与O2可逆结合, 不利于烯烃基的取代, 配合物表现出较差的催化性能, 反之亦然.  相似文献   

5.
梁姗姗  刘恒  胡雁鸣  张学全 《应用化学》2019,36(10):1128-1134
合成了一系列自负载吡啶双亚胺酸酯钒(Ⅲ)催化剂(V(Ⅲ)),并通过傅里叶变换红外光谱仪(FTIR)、元素分析及核磁共振波谱仪(NMR)等技术手段对配合物进行了表征。 在倍半乙基氯化铝(EASC)活化下,V(Ⅲ)催化剂对乙烯聚合表现出很高的催化活性(7.2~12.1 g/(mol·h·Pa)),且自负载基团的链长对催化剂的活性及所得聚合物的性质影响较小。 同时,该类V催化剂催化乙烯与1-己烯共聚合性能良好,得到高相对分子质量(高达68.1×103)的聚合物。 所得聚合物经扫描电子显微镜(SEM)表征,其微观结构为片层叠加结构。  相似文献   

6.
采用混合酸酐法合成了两种双二苷酰胺(bisdiglycolamide, BisDGA)萃取剂: N,N,N'',N''-四正辛基-N',N″-乙二基-双二苷酰胺(TOE-BisDGA)和N,N,N'',N''-四正辛基-N',N″-间苯二甲基-双二苷酰胺(TOX-BisDGA). 以磺化煤油和正辛醇混合溶液(体积比 90∶10)作稀释剂, 研究了它们在硝酸溶液中对Eu(Ⅲ)和Am(Ⅲ), 以及自身对HNO3的萃取行为. 结果表明, 2种BisDGAs对HNO3均有一定萃取, 当酸度不超过1.0 mol/L时, 二者形成1∶1型的萃合物. 随HNO3浓度增加, Eu(Ⅲ)和Am(Ⅲ)的萃取分配比增加. 相同条件下, TOE-BisDGA对Eu(Ⅲ)和Am(Ⅲ)的萃取能力强于TOX-BisDGA. 斜率分析表明TOE-BisDGA和TOX-BisDGA与Eu(Ⅲ)和Am(Ⅲ)均形成2∶1型的萃合物. 温度升高, 萃取分配比下降, 萃取反应是放热反应. 2种BisDGAs对Eu(Ⅲ)的亲和力强于对Am(Ⅲ)的亲合力, 表明BisDGAs对Eu(Ⅲ)有一定的选择性. 同时, 研究了BisDGAs萃取Eu(Ⅲ)和Am(Ⅲ)的机理, 给出了表观萃取平衡常数和萃取反应热力学函数ΔH, ΔS和ΔG的值. 此外, 还对TOE-BisDGA和TOX-BisDGA与Eu(Ⅲ)形成的配合物进行了红外和紫外光谱分析.  相似文献   

7.
周丽霞  刘淑娟  赵强  凌启淡  黄维 《化学进展》2011,23(9):1871-1882
基于离子型过渡金属配合物的发光电化学池在信息显示和固体照明方面极具应用前景,因此其相关材料的设计、开发和器件性能的提高等工作在近几年引起了人们广泛的研究兴趣。在各类离子型过渡金属配合物中,离子型铱配合物由于发光效率高,发光颜色容易调节等优点而受到广泛关注。本文综述了近几年来离子型铱配合物在发光电化学池中的应用进展,重点评述了不同发光颜色的发光电化学池的制备和器件的高性能化等方面的研究进展,并展望了基于离子型铱配合物的发光电化学池这一研究领域的发展前景。  相似文献   

8.
与有机电致发光二极管(OLED)相比,发光电化学池(LEC)的器件结构更加简单,可以采用高功涵金属作为电极,因此在照明领域和移动设备终端显示方面具有巨大的应用前景,与其相关的研究与开发越来越受到科学界的重视.基于离子型过渡金属配合物的发光电化学池,由于具有不需要额外添加离子型导电材料和可以充分利用单线态和三线态激子的优点,受到业界广泛关注.与其它离子型过渡金属配合物相比,离子型铱配合物具有发光效率高、光学稳定性好以及发光颜色容易调节等优点.综述了近10年环金属铱配合物在发光电化学池中的应用,重点对离子型铱配合物在发光电化学池中的应用进行了评述,并对环金属铱配合物在发光电化学池领域的发展进行了展望.  相似文献   

9.
设计合成了具有不同外围取代基的卟啉铂(Ⅱ)配合物PtTEMP, PtTBMP, PtOMPP和PtDMPP, 并对其结构和光电性能进行了表征. 晶体结构分析结果表明, 这些卟啉铂(Ⅱ)配合物具有较理想的平面配位构型, β-位叔丁基的引入有效抑制了分子间的π-π相互作用. 外围取代基几乎不影响配合物的吸收和发光性质, 最大发射峰位于646~656 nm之间, 为配体中心的 3π*-π磷光发射. 空间位阻效应更强的叔丁基取代配合物(PtTBMP)的溶液态荧光量子效率和外量子效率最高, 分别为0.58和6.3%. 3个甲氧基取代的PtDMPP的发光效率优于2个甲氧基取代的PtOMPP, 二者的溶液态荧光量子效率分别为0.36和0.29, 外量子效率分别为2.4%和1.7%.  相似文献   

10.
铱配合物在磷光化学传感器中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
由于在生物领域和物联网领域的广泛应用,化学传感器在近期发展迅速.相比于纯有机分子的荧光化学传感器,基于重金属配合物的磷光化学传感器由于发光寿命长,斯托克斯位移大等优点越来越引起人们的广泛关注.重金属铱配合物三线态寿命短,发光效率高而且配合物的发射波长容易受配体的改变而发生变化,因此成为最好的磷光传感器材料之一.本文介绍了铱配合物在磷光化学传感器领域中的应用,具体包括:阳离子传感器、阴离子传感器、氧分子传感器、氨基酸传感器、pH传感器等,并指出了相比于其它磷光化学传感器,基于铱配合物的磷光化学传感器的优势以及目前所存在的问题,最后,对基于铱配合物的磷光化学传感器的研究和发展方向进行了展望.  相似文献   

11.
用溶胶-凝胶法以磷钼酸(MPA)的镍盐溶液水解钛酸四丁酯制备了NiPMo/TiO2催化剂.使用ICP、 XRD、 TG-DTA、 IR、 TPD-MS和微反应技术研究了催化剂的化学组成、热稳定性、化学吸附性质和催化反应性能.杂多钼酸盐与TiO2通过O2-在TiO2表面发生了键合.在623 K下,杂多阴离子仍保持原有的Keggin结构.CO2在Lewis酸位Ni(Ⅱ)和Lewis碱位Ni-O-Mo的桥氧协同作用下生成CO2卧式吸附态Ni(Ⅱ)←O-(CO)←(O--Ni).丙烯有多种吸附态在催化剂上吸附.在563 K、 1 MPa和空速1500 h-1的反应条件下,丙烯的摩尔转化率为3.2%,产物MAA选择性为95%.  相似文献   

12.
Different approaches for the synthesis of 1-benzyloxypyrazin-2(1H)-one derivatives from simple amino acids have been investigated. A library of 33 precursors for the preparation of N-hydroxy pyrazinones was obtained in moderate to good yields.  相似文献   

13.
A general synthesis of previously unknown semicarbazone-based α-amidoalkylating reagents, 4-(tosylmethyl)semicarbazones, has been developed. The synthesis involved three-component condensation of semicarbazones of aliphatic or aromatic aldehydes with the same or other aldehydes and p-toluenesulfinic acid. The scope and limitations of this reaction were investigated. The compounds obtained were demonstrated to be an efficient α-(4-semicarbazono)alkylating agents. They were reacted with H- (sodium borohydride), O- (sodium methylate), S- (sodium phenylthiolate), N- (pyrrolidine, sodium succinimide), P- (trialkyl phosphites), and C-nucleophiles (sodium diethyl malonate) to give the corresponding products of the tosyl group substitution, 4-substituted semicarbazones, including analogues of nitrofurazone. Among the prepared compounds tested in vitro for antibacterial and antifungal activity, three nitrofuryl-containing semicarbazones exhibited high biological activities with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 8–32 μg/mL.  相似文献   

14.
A small library of new chiral bidentate hydroxyalkyl-imidazolium salts 1 is conveniently synthesized on multi-gram scale from inexpensive and commercially available chiral pool amino acids. The corresponding carbenes, generated by deprotonation of imidazolium salts 1, in combination with palladium(II) chloride were tested in the Mizoroki–Heck coupling reaction. The most significant results in terms of yields and reactivities were achieved with low catalyst loading. The catalytic activities of these imidazolium salts were also investigated in the asymmetric addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The use of MgO nanoparticles as an additive in conjunction with these ligands played a crucial role in increasing the efficiency of these reactions.  相似文献   

15.
A new and simple synthesis of novel N-protected methyl 5-substituted-4-hydroxypyrrole-3-carboxylates, which exist in equilibrium with their 4-oxo tautomers, has been developed in two steps starting from N-protected α-amino acids. The key intermediates are enaminones, which can also be isolated, characterized, and used for the construction of other functionalized heterocycles, before they spontaneously decompose to pyrrole products. 4-Hydroxypyrroles are prone to partial aerial oxidation but can be efficiently alkylated or reduced to stable polysubstituted pyrrolidine derivatives.  相似文献   

16.
The chemoselectivity in the intramolecular CH insertion of various diazosulfonamides has been experimentally studied. The results reveal that the aliphatic 1,4-, 1,5-, or 1,6-C(sp3)?H insertions of diazosulfonamides are not accessible, while the aromatic 1,5-C(sp2)?H insertion can be realized specifically by adjusting the diazo-adjacent group. In addition, the general chemoselectivities in the intramolecular CH insertions of diazosulfonyl compounds are summarized. Generally, diazosulfones undergo both aromatic 1,5-C(sp2)?H and aliphatic 1,5- and 1,6-C(sp3)?H insertions, while diazosulfonates undergo aliphatic 1,5- and 1,6-C(sp3)?H insertions. However, diazosulfonamides only undergo aromatic 1,5-C(sp2)?H insertion.  相似文献   

17.
The Langevin paramagnetic theory can’t describe the relation between magnetization of ferrofluids and applied magnetic field. The structuralization of ferrofluids, which is considered the main influence factor of the magnetization, is regarded. The part of magnetization works is deposited when the structure is forming. This action influences the magnetization of ferrofluids directly or indirectly. On the base of the “compressing” model, the Langevin function that usually describes the magnetization of ferrofluid is modified, and a well-fitted curve is obtained. An equation of the relation between the equivalent volume fraction after being “compressed” and the intensity of magnetic field is discovered, which approximately describes the process of magnetization. The relation between the approximate initial susceptibility and the volume fraction can be obtained from modified formula.  相似文献   

18.
Siqi Li  Xingpeng Chen  Jiaxi Xu 《Tetrahedron》2018,74(14):1613-1620
Microwave-assisted copper-catalyzed ring expansions of three-membered heterocycles with α-diazo-β-dicarbonyl compounds were investigated. Thiiranes generated 3-acyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-oxathiines in the presence of copper sulfate and trans-3-acyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-oxathiines as stereospecific products for 1,2-disubstituted cis-thiiranes through an intramolecular SN2 process. Oxiranes gave rise to 2-acyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-dioxines under the catalysis of copper hexafluoroacetylacetonate and cis-3-acyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-dioxines as stereospecific products for 1,2-disubstituted cis-oxiranes via an intimate ion-pair mechanism. The current method provides a direct and simple strategy in efficient preparation of 3-acyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-oxathiines and 2-acyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-dioxines, important agents in medicinal and agricultural chemistry, from readily available thiiranes and oxiranes, respectively.  相似文献   

19.
The highly regioselective Buchwald–Hartwig amination at C-2 of the cheap and readily accessible reagent, 2,4-dichloropyridine with a range of anilines and heterocyclic amines is described. This new methodology is robust and provides a facile access to 4-chloro-N-phenylpyridin-2-amines on 0.25 mol scale. These intermediates undergo a further Buchwald–Hartwig amination at higher temperature to enable rapid exploration of the chemical space at C-4 and to provide a library of 2,4-bisaminopyridines.  相似文献   

20.
N-Heterocyclic carbene-palladacyclic complexes 3 were successfully achieved in a one-pot procedure under mild conditions. The structure of 3a was unambiguously confirmed by X-ray single crystal diffraction and it was an active catalyst in the Buchwald-Hartwig amination and α-arylation of ketones even at very low catalyst loadings (0.01?mol%).  相似文献   

设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号