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1.
基于径向基函数的机翼二维气动代理模型设计   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
采用多学科设计优化方法进行机翼气动/结构优化时,结构学科的优化需要气动学科提供机翼压力分布的代理模型。本文引入了等参单元形函数的几何变换思想,利用径向基函数,解决了复杂形状机翼的二维气动代理模型的构造问题,进行了某巡航导弹弹翼考虑结构变形的气动力代理模型的构建。算例结果表明,本文所用代理模型构造方法简单易行,预测结果的精度很好。  相似文献   

2.
基于代理模型和等效刚度模型的加筋柱壳混合优化设计   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
针对轴压作用下的加筋柱壳后屈曲性能优化计算较大的问题,本文提出了一种基于代理模型和等效刚度模型的混合优化策略,即运用基于等效刚度的平铺模型进行有限元后屈曲分析以代替试验设计中大量的精细加筋模型分析,并通过控制等效模型的单元尺寸来调整其分析精度,而等效刚度模型计算时长仅约为精细加筋模型的1/3。对构建的代理模型采用多岛遗传算法进行极限承载力等约束下的轻量化设计,调用精细模型有限元后屈曲分析对代理模型进行更新,从而保证代理模型的拟合精度并得到优化解。工程算例结果表明,本文提出的混合优化方法,使加筋柱壳结构在满足承载力情况下减重效果明显。  相似文献   

3.
复杂工程系统通常涉及到多个相互耦合的学科,而且其中往往存在不确定性因素。本文采用凸模型描述不确定性变量,将序列优化和可靠性评价方法应用于多学科可靠性优化之中,提出了一种新的多学科系统可靠性设计方法。在该方法中,可靠性分析采用功能度量法,多学科优化方法采用多学科可行方法或者二级系统一体化合成优化方法。数值算例和工程算例说明,该方法求解效率较常规嵌套求解方法效率高,为复杂工程系统的可靠性设计提供了一种新型求解算法。  相似文献   

4.
复杂工程系统通常涉及到多个相互耦合的学科,而且其中往往存在不确定性因素。本文采用凸模型描述不确定性变量,将序列优化和可靠性评价方法应用于多学科可靠性优化之中,提出了一种新的多学科系统可靠性设计方法。在该方法中,可靠性分析采用功能度量法,多学科优化方法采用多学科可行方法或者二级系统一体化合成优化方法。数值算例和工程算例说明,该方法求解效率较常规嵌套求解方法效率高,为复杂工程系统的可靠性设计提供了一种新型求解算法。  相似文献   

5.
航天器天线桁架结构多目标优化设计   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
针对有附加结构的卫星天线桁架结构,提出了一种实现结构多目标优化的综合设计方法。首先,探讨了附加结构刚度对桁架结构动力学特性的影响,以便建立精确的有限元模型,为进行优化设计奠定基础。之后,交替采用代理模型方法和人机交互方式进行结构拓扑构型设计。其中代理模型是采用优化拉丁超立方法进行试验设计,结合径向基函数近似方法生成的。最后,应用NSGA-II全局优化方法实现以重量最小化和频率最大化的多目标优化设计,并根据分层图定量可视化地从Pareto前端和Pareto最优解集中筛选最优设计方案。优化结果表明,相对于初始方案可以在基频几乎不变的情况下,重量减小29.66%。该方法有利于提高设计效率,降低全局优化的复杂度,同时能够得到满足设计要求的设计方案,适用于多目标结构优化设计。  相似文献   

6.
高压捕获翼前缘型线优化和分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
李广利  崔凯  肖尧  徐应洲 《力学学报》2016,48(4):877-885
为分析翼前缘形状变化对高压捕获翼构型气动性能的影响,基于一种锥体组合捕获翼概念构型,采用幂次函数和余弦函数组合形式对翼前缘型线进行了参数化设计,在比较了多项式和径向基函数两种代理模型的拟合精度基础上,以飞行马赫数7,飞行攻角0° 为计算条件,结合使用均匀实验设计方法、计算流体力学、径向基函数代理模型方法和遗传算法,选择升阻比最大化为目标开展了数值优化,最后基于优化结果进行了单参数的灵敏度分析. 优化结果表明,相对于基准外形而言,优化后构型升力系数增大了约8.1%,阻力系数减小了约12.2%,升阻比提高了约23.4%. 此外,灵敏度分析结果表明升阻比与5 个设计参数均呈非线性关系,其中展向角度对升阻比影响最大,其次为幂次曲线的比例参数,其余3 个参数对升阻比的影响相对较弱.   相似文献   

7.
连梁阻尼器是剪力墙连梁结构中主要的耗能部件,其构造形式直接影响剪力墙的性能。本文从连梁阻尼器的几何特征入手,在用料相同的前提下,对四种典型开孔形式金属平面内屈服连梁阻尼器进行耗能性能对比研究,引入Kriging代理模型,构造出不同开孔尺寸与滞回耗能的关系。然后,分别对四种开孔形式的连梁阻尼器几何参数进行进一步优化,以获得最优构型。为简化优化迭代过程中反复的多步加载非线性求解计算,在优化过程中以Kriging代理模型作为反演优化平台,代替原有的几何参数与滞回耗能关系,并采用最大期望提高加点方法,不断提高代理模型在最优解附近的精度,在提高代理模型的代理精度同时,也提高了优化设计效率。所提算法为寻求一种形式简单、性能优越的金属平面内屈服连梁阻尼器提供了新的解决框架。  相似文献   

8.
基于面向服务的开放软件平台SiPESC,针对试验设计和代理模型共性特征,采用面向服务插件编程的设计方法和软件设计模式,研发了试验设计和代理模型通用算法构架。构架的核心思想是将算法、数据模型和任务管理相分离,形成独立的服务,从而实现算法通用性。整个构架中,试验设计和代理模型分别由五个基本服务构成。重点阐述基本插件所代理功能的抽象过程和通用接口的设计思想,给出算法构架的使用步骤及扩展方式。利用该构架试验设计开发了均匀试验设计、正交试验设计、析因试验设计及中心复合试验设计;代理模型实现了响应面模型、径向基函数模型及Kriging模型,并对部分算法进行数值验证。研究工作表明,算法构架适用于通用试验设计和代理模型算法,可方便进行动态扩展,具备良好的开放性和重用性。  相似文献   

9.
对于具有多失效模式的结构,基于可靠性的结构优化计算成本是比较昂贵的。本文利用多输出高斯过程MOGP(Multiple Output Gaussian Process)代理模型以降低计算成本,首先利用Bucher方法生成初始样本,然后结合均匀训练样本和学习函数对MOGP代理模型进行构建。学习函数可在大范围内筛选出较为满意的训练样本,能够确保MOGP代理模型具有较好的全局精度,在整个优化过程中不再重新构建MOGP代理模型。利用协方差矩阵,MOGP代理模型能够考虑各失效模式的相关性,对多输入多输出系统具有良好的预测性能。数值算例表明,本文方法具有较好的计算结果,且计算效率较高,尤其是设计变量数目与失效模式数目较多时效率提升明显。  相似文献   

10.
代理模型在结构优化领域中的应用逐渐增多。相对传统优化方法,代理模型方法在处理带有噪音或仿真模拟十分耗时的问题时有明显优势。加点准则是代理模型技术的一个关键,为了避免陷入局部最优解,加点准则需要同时考虑局部搜索(exploitation)和全局搜索(exploration)两部分并加以平衡。本文在Kriging代理模型基础上提出一种基于几何全局搜索的全局优化算法MSG(Multi-start Local Search with Geometrical Exploration),通过数值算例将其与基于不确定性全局搜索的有效全局优化算法EGO(Efficient Global Optimization)进行比较,研究了MSG算法参数的影响,并讨论了MSG与EGO各自的特点和适用范围。  相似文献   

11.
贝叶斯可靠性方法是处理不完备信息条件下结构可靠性问题的有效途径之一。在实际应用中,由于可靠性分析的计算量较大,常须采用各种近似替代模型以提高计算效率。传统的替代模型方法是对结构的功能函数予以近似建模。这种方法不易定量考虑模型误差对可靠性分析的影响,且难以应用于诸如功能函数不连续和失效域不连通等情况。为此,本文提出一种基于高斯过程分类的替代模型,直接辨识结构的极限状态曲面,并将其应用于结构贝叶斯可靠性分析之中。分析了替代模型不确定性对可靠性预测结果的影响,给出了失效概率分布参数的方差算式,进而提出了改善模型精度的补充采样准则。通过算例验证了方法的适用性和有被性.  相似文献   

12.
In this work, a terrain estimation framework is developed for autonomous vehicles operating on deformable terrains. Previous work in this area usually relies on steady state tire operation, linearized classical terramechanics models, or on computationally expensive algorithms that are not suitable for real-time estimation. To address these shortcomings, this work develops a reduced-order nonlinear terramechanics model as a surrogate of the Soil Contact Model (SCM) through extending a state-of-the-art Bekker model to account for additional dynamic effects. It is shown that this reduced-order surrogate model is able to accurately replicate the forces predicted by the SCM while reducing the computation cost by an order of magnitude. This surrogate model is then utilized in an unscented Kalman filter to estimate the sinkage exponent. Simulations suggest this parameter can be estimated within 4% of its true value for clay and sandy loam terrains. It is also shown in simulation and experiment that utilizing this estimated parameter can reduce the prediction errors of the future vehicle states by orders of magnitude, which could assist with achieving more robust model-predictive autonomous navigation strategies.  相似文献   

13.
在代理模型序列采样框架下,针对现有研究中的不足之处,通过引入k-fold交叉验证计算样本的预测误差,并结合泰森多边形法和最大距离最小化准则,发展了一种适用于任意代理模型的k-fold CV-Voronoi自适应序列采样方法。相较于传统序列采样方法,本文方法具有计算简单和自适应性强等显著优势。通过数值算例和工程算例对比分析发现所提序列采样方法具有较高的近似精度和计算效率,此外,进一步讨论了k-fold交叉验证中k的不同取值对于代理模型精度的影响,总结出k的最优取值范围以供参考。  相似文献   

14.
基于自洽平均微观力学W-T(Wakashima-Tsukamoto)模型和拉丁超立方抽样,建立一种功能梯度平板热力耦合概率分析方法.以材料物理属性和空间分布的不确定性随机参数作为概率分析的输入,以热应力作为输出,基于本征正交分解POD(Proper Orthogonal Decomposition)对热应力的随机时间历...  相似文献   

15.
The objective of this work is to investigate what mechanisms should be employed to qualitatively/quantitatively predict particle migration in a suspension flow. Based on the diffusive flux model originally proposed by Phillips et al. [R.J. Phillips, R.C. Armstrong, R.A. Brown, A.L. Graham, A constitutive equation for concentrated suspensions that account for shear-induced particle migration, Phys. Fluids A 4 (1992) 30–40], we survey the accuracy of three models including original Phillips model (Model I), modified Phillips model with curvature-induced migration mechanism (Model II), and finally the modified Model II with volume-fraction-dependent parameters (Model III). The empirical parameters which appear in the three models are determined by fitting to independent concentric Couette experiments. The accuracy of three models in concentric Couette problem is comparable except that Model III shows more improved predictions near the inner cylinder. However, the predictions of the three models are entirely different on a qualitative level for parallel plate problems and the existence and direction of particle migration are severely model-dependent. Models II and III predict no migration or very slight migration at high volume fraction, which is in good agreement with the previous experiments, whereas Model I predicts inward migration. We show that Model III accurately predicts a solid-free region near the center at low volume fraction, which was experimentally observed.In addition to a survey of migration mechanisms, we developed a frame-invariant curvature-induced migration model applicable to multi-dimensional flows. A transient 2D mixed-order finite element method (FEM) code was implemented to compare the predictions of the three models in a 2D problem. In this work, we considered the eccentric Couette problem, which is often used as a benchmarking problem. Though there is not much difference among the three models, Model III predicts that the particle migration is slightly retarded at high shear rate regions.  相似文献   

16.
Surrogate models are usually used to perform global sensitivity analysis(GSA) by avoiding a large ensemble of deterministic simulations of the Monte Carlo method to provide a reliable estimate of GSA indices. However, most surrogate models such as polynomial chaos(PC) expansions suffer from the curse of dimensionality due to the high-dimensional input space. Thus, sparse surrogate models have been proposed to alleviate the curse of dimensionality. In this paper, three techniques of sparse reconstruction are used to construct sparse PC expansions that are easily applicable to computing variance-based sensitivity indices(Sobol indices). These are orthogonal matching pursuit(OMP), spectral projected gradient for L_1 minimization(SPGL1), and Bayesian compressive sensing with Laplace priors. By computing Sobol indices for several benchmark response models including the Sobol function, the Morris function, and the Sod shock tube problem, effective implementations of high-dimensional sparse surrogate construction are exhibited for GSA.  相似文献   

17.
A thermodynamically consistent continuum theory for single-phase, single-constituent cohesionless granular materials is presented. The theory is motivated by dimensional inconsistencies of the original Goodman-Cowin theory [1–3]; it is constructed by removing these inconsistencies through the introduction of an internal length ℓ. Four constitutive models are proposed and discussed in which ℓ is (i) a material constant (Model I), (ii) an independent constitutive variable (Model II), (iii) an independent dynamic field quantity (Model III) and (iv) an independent kinematic field quantity (Model IV). Expressions of the constitutive variables emerging in the systems of the balance equations in these four models in thermodynamic equilibrium are deduced by use of a thermodynamic analysis based on the Müller-Liu entropy principle. Comments on the validity of these four models are given and discussed; the results presented in the current study show a more general formulation for the constitutive quantities and can be used as a basis for further continuum-based theoretical investigations on the behaviour of flowing granular materials. Numerical results regarding simple plane shear flows will be discussed and compared in Part II of this work.  相似文献   

18.
This paper proposes a general algebraic formulation able lo unify all the previous developments in (he frame of subgrid-scale modeling using dynamic mixed models. This formulation can serve as a guide for the design of new multi-parameter SGS models. All usual cases of coupling between momentum and energy (or transport) equation are treated formally, and properties of the associated linear or non-linear system are discussed. It is shown thai all the existing models found in the literature can be grouped into a seven-parameter dynamic model, referred to as the Maximal Complexity Dynamic Model (MCDM) A priori lests on this MCDM are carried out for the subsonic plane channel flow problem, which aim at selecting the most important contributions in multi-parameter dynamic models.  相似文献   

19.
螺栓法兰连接结构在航空航天等工程领域中广泛应用,其力学性能在不同工况和装配情况下十分复杂。由于拉压刚度差异,含连接结构的箭体动力学响应呈现明显的非线性特征。因此,考虑不同连接参数及工况下的连接非线性动力学响应,对结构优化设计有着重要意义。本文针对以双线性弹簧表征螺栓法兰连接非线性的箭体等效动力学模型,基于径向基函数(RBF)神经网络和响应面法分别建立其连接面处的极值响应代理模型,对比发现RBF神经网络模型在较高精度上可以实现对动响应极值的预测及分析;同时分析了不同载荷参数及刚度变化对连接结构动响应极值的影响;最后,利用RBF神经网络代理模型,开展了连接面加速度极值响应与螺栓弹簧力最小化为目标的连接结构参数优化。  相似文献   

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