首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
相似文献
 共查询到20条相似文献,搜索用时 281 毫秒
1.
We investigate the magnetic excitations for the magnetic problem arising from the absence of magnetic translation symmetry in one dimension due to the presence of an impurity layer embedded within a semi-infinite ferromagnet. A Heisenberg model is employed to investigate the possibility that localized modes can occur with an impurity layer implanted within a semi-infinite ferromagnet. No electronic effects are considered. The theoretical approach employs the matching procedure in the mean field approximation and determines the propagating and evanescent spin amplitude fields including the contribution due to an applied field. The results are used to calculate the energies of localized modes associated with the impurity layer and with the surface. Numerical examples of the modes are given and they are found to exhibit various effects due to the interplay between the impurity layer and surface modes. It is shown that more localized modes can occur and the modification of the spin wave spectra can be signaled by the appearance of surface and impurity modes, besides the bulk excitations. Also, the bulk spin fluctuations field, the spin waves localized on the surface as well as on impurity layer depend are shown to depend on the nature of the exchange coupling between spin sites, the values of spin sites and the position of the impurity layer from the surface.  相似文献   

2.
We study the way isospin symmetry violation can be generated within the Hidden Local Symmetry (HLS) Model. We show that isospin symmetry breaking effects on pseudoscalar mesons naturally induces correspondingly effects within the physics of vector mesons, through kaon loops. In this way, one recovers all features traditionally expected from mixing and one finds support for the Orsay phase modelling of the amplitude. We then examine an effective procedure which generates mixing in the whole sector of the HLS Model. The corresponding model allows us to account for all two body decays of light mesons accessible to the HLS model in modulus and phase, leaving aside the and modes only, which raise a specific problem. Comparison with experimental data is performed and covers modulus and phase information; this represents 26 physics quantities successfully described with very good fit quality within a constrained model which accounts for SU(3) breaking, nonet symmetry breaking in the pseudoscalar sector and, now, isospin symmetry breaking. Received: 18 July 2001 / Revised version: 4 October 2001 / Published online: 21 November 2001  相似文献   

3.
The pronounced variation of the intensity of photons emitted from the tunneling gap of an STM with respect to the applied bias voltage Vt is studied experimentally using simultaneous measurements of tunneling characteristics and photon emission. We show that the structure in isochromat photon spectra are determined by the following: bias-dependent changes in tunneling characteristics, density of initial and final states, and modifications of tip-induced plasmon modes. It is demonstrated that isochromat spectra provide a conclusive test for the inelastic tunneling mechanism. Coupling between tunneling electrons and tip-induced plasmon modes which gives rise to the intense photon emission observed is discussed within this model.  相似文献   

4.
A general model of excitation and fluorescence recapturing by the forward and backward modes of filled microstructured optical fibers (MOFs) is presented. We also present experimental results for both backward and forward fluorescence recapturing within a MOF as a function of fiber length and demonstrate a good qualitative agreement between the numerical model and experimental results. We demonstrate higher efficiency of fluorescence recapturing into backward modes in comparison with that of forward modes.  相似文献   

5.
Electron energy loss spectroscopy has proved a powerful probe of vibrational modes of a wide variety of adsorbed species. Here the primary focus has been on modes with frequency well above the maximum phonon frequency of the substrate. Examples are internal vibration modes of adsorbed molecules, possibly shifted significantly in frequency from their gas phase analogues, and high frequency vibrations of an adsorbed molecule or atom against the substrate. Recent experiments explore features in the energy loss spectrum with frequency below the maximum phonon frequency of the substrate, for ordered overlayers of atoms adsorbed on low index metal surfaces. We shall summarize our theoretical studies of such spectra for several adsorbate/substrate combinations, with emphasis oh the physical origin of the features which appear in the calculations. We obtain a good account of the existing data, within the framework of a rather simple lattice dynamical model, and the calculations show that the features which appear are quite sensitive to the symmetry of the adsorption sits, and other details of the surface geometry. We shall illustrate this with several specific examples.  相似文献   

6.
J.A. Ogilvy 《Ultrasonics》1986,24(6):337-347
A model for ultrasonic wave propagation in anisotropic and inhomogeneous materials is applied to the case of ultrasonic inspection of an austenitic V-butt weld manufactured by the downhand Manual Metal Arc technique. We examine the propagation behaviour of waves within the weld region and, in addition, model beam divergence behaviour. From this work we predict directions of low inspection sensitivity and also identify regions of material to which no ultrasound penetrates. The relative merits of the three different wave modes are examined, showing clearly the advantages of horizontally polarized shear waves for austenitic steel inspection. Vertically polarized shear waves are shown to be the least effective for such inspections. We discuss the relevance of this work to the ultrasonic non-destructive testing of austenitic steel components, concluding that care is needed over the choice of wave modes and angles, to ensure sensitive inspection of the whole weld material.  相似文献   

7.
We demonstrate by neutron scattering that a localized superfluid component exists at high pressures within solid helium in aerogel. Its existence is deduced from the observation of two sharp phonon-roton spectra which are clearly distinguishable from modes in bulk superfluid helium. These roton excitations exhibit different roton gap parameters than the roton observed in the bulk fluid at freezing pressure. One of the roton modes disappears after annealing the samples. Comparison with theoretical calculations suggests that the model that reproduces the observed data best is that of superfluid double layers within the solid and at the helium-substrate interface.  相似文献   

8.
We study how the chaotic ray motion manifests itself at a finite wavelength at long-range sound propagation in the ocean. The problem is investigated using a model of an underwater acoustic waveguide with a periodic range dependence. It is assumed that the sound propagation is governed by the parabolic equation, similar to the Schrodinger equation. When investigating the sound energy distribution in the time-depth plane, it has been found that the coexistence of chaotic and regular rays can cause a "focusing" of acoustic energy within a small temporal interval. It has been shown that this effect is a manifestation of the so-called stickiness, that is, the presence of such parts of the chaotic trajectory where the latter exhibit an almost regular behavior. Another issue considered in this paper is the range variation of the modal structure of the wave field. In a numerical simulation, it has been shown that the energy distribution over normal modes exhibits surprising periodicity. This occurs even for a mode formed by contributions from predominantly chaotic rays. The phenomenon is interpreted from the viewpoint of mode-medium resonance. For some modes, the following effect has been observed. Although an initially excited mode due to scattering at the inhomogeneity breaks up into a group of modes its amplitude at some range points almost restores the starting value. At these ranges, almost all acoustic energy gathers again in the initial mode and the coarse-grained Wigner function concentrates within a comparatively small area of the phase plane.  相似文献   

9.
We develop a scheme to construct the Hamiltonians of the lambda-, vee- and cascade-type three-level configurations using the generators of SU(3) group. It turns out that this approach provides a well-defined selection rule to give different Hamiltonians for each configuration. The lambda- and vee-type configurations are exactly solved with different initial conditions while taking the two-mode classical and quantized fields. For the classical field, it is shown that the Rabi oscillation of the lambda model is similar to that of the vee model and the dynamics of the vee model can be recovered from lambda model and vice versa simply by inversion. We then proceed to solve the quantized version of both models by introducing a novel Euler matrix formalism. It is shown that this dynamical symmetry exhibited in the Rabi oscillation of two configurations for the semiclassical models is completely destroyed on quantization of the field modes. The symmetry can be restored within the quantized models when both field modes are in the coherent states with large average photon number which is depicted through the collapse and revival of the Rabi oscillations.   相似文献   

10.
Dirac semimetals (DSMs) are an important class of topological states of matter. Here, focusing on DSMs of band inversion type, we investigate their boundary modes from the effective model perspective. We show that in order to properly capture the boundary modes, k-cubic terms must be included in the effective model, which would drive an evolution of surface degeneracy manifold from a nodal line to a nodal point. Sizable k-cubic terms are also needed for better exposing the topological hinge modes in the spectrum. Using first-principles calculations, we demonstrate that this feature and the topological hinge modes can be clearly exhibited in β-CuI. We extend the discussion to magnetic DSMs and show that the time-reversal symmetry breaking can gap out the surface bands and hence is beneficial for the experimental detection of hinge modes. Furthermore, we show that magnetic DSMs serve as a parent state for realizing multiple other higher-order topological phases, including higher-order Weyl-point/nodal-line semimetals and higher-order topological insulators.  相似文献   

11.
We recall that the oscillating modes of an optical confocal resonator are typically spheroidal. These modes can be physically obtained when a light amplifier is introduced within such a resonator. In this paper, we present some particularities of amplification by a BSO crystal compared with amplification by stimulated emission of radiations (laser). We then present some spheroidal modes, obtained with a BSO ring oscillator when circular or rectangular apertures are used.  相似文献   

12.
Aceves AB  Dohnal T 《Optics letters》2006,31(20):3013-3015
We study the dynamics of 2D gap solitons (GSs) in Bragg resonant nonlinear (photonic) gratings in the presence of localized defects. Previous work [Stud. Appl. Math.115, 209 (2005)] explains the mechanism of trapping the GS-carried energy at a defect via a resonant energy transfer from the GS into defect modes. We derive a finite-dimensional model that describes the evolution of the defect-trapped state as an interaction of linear defect modes and show that this model approximates the full dynamics very well in the regime when moderate amounts of GS energy are trapped.  相似文献   

13.
We compare within an unifying formalism the dynamical properties of modulated and composite aperiodic (incommensurate) crystals. We discuss the concept of inner polarization and we define an inner polarization parameter β that distinguishes between different acoustic modes of aperiodic crystals. Although this concept has its limitations, we show that it can be used to extract valuable information from neutron coherent inelastic scattering experiments. Within certain conditions, the ratio between the dynamic and the static structure factors at various Bragg peaks depends only on β. We show how the knowledge of β for modes of an unknown structure can be used to decide whether the structure is composite or modulated. The same information can be used to predict scattered intensity within unexplored regions of the reciprocal space, being thus a guide for experiments. Received 9 June 2002 Published online 14 October 2002 RID="a" ID="a"e-mail: Ovidiu.Radulescu@univ-rennes1.fr  相似文献   

14.
With an equivalent mode-solving model, the mode spectra in air-core Bragg fibers are systematically studied by using an improved full-vector finite-difference method. All supported modes are classified into four categories, namely, guided modes, cladding modes, leaky modes and PML modes, among which the leaky modes can be further subdivided into radiation-like and evanescence-like leaky modes. To ensure that the modes are solved accurately and efficiently with this model, the strategy for choosing model parameters is suggested. Benefiting from this convenient mode solver, the characteristics of cladding modes are observed in details, and potential applications are suggested. Moreover, the rapid loss of a hybrid mode at lower frequencies is explained by an evanescence-like leaky mode induced cutoff, which is different from that of TE01 mode due to the failure of band gap confinement.  相似文献   

15.
We consider the modes of coupled photonic crystal waveguides. We find that the fundamental modes of these structures can be either even or odd, in contrast with the behavior in coupled conventional waveguides, in which the fundamental mode is always even. We explain this finding using an asymptotic model that is valid for long wavelengths.  相似文献   

16.
We propose a model of persistent step flow, emphasizing dominant kinetic processes and strain effects. Within this model, we construct a morphological phase diagram, delineating a regime of step flow from regimes of step bunching and island formation. In particular, we predict the existence of concurrent step bunching and island formation, a new growth mode that competes with step flow for phase space, and show that the deposition flux and temperature must be chosen within a window in order to achieve persistent step flow. The model rationalizes the diverse growth modes observed in pulsed laser deposition of SrRuO3 on SrTiO3.  相似文献   

17.
A model is presented for the scattering of ultrasonic waves from smooth and randomly rough defects. The model uses Kirchhoff theory and is elastic, such that mode-conversion between compressional and shear waves is included in the formulation. The model is designed to simulate ultrasonic non-destructive testing situations, by specifying the location and orientation of a defect within an isotropic material, together with transmitter and receiver locations on an inspection surface. Results are presented for the scattering of both monochromatic waves and of pulses. It is shown how small levels of roughness can affect echodynamic curves and how diffracted signals may become lost due to scatter from the rough faces of defects. It is also shown that the usual rules for coupling between waves of all three modes no longer hold when roughness is present. In particular, roughness leads to coupling between horizontally polarized shear (SH) waves and the other two wave modes. The model predictions are also compared with an earlier acoustic model, indicating the importance of mode-conversion effects when considering rough defects embedded within solids.  相似文献   

18.
Chen H  Ma J  Chen J  Bock WJ 《Optics letters》2011,36(11):2092-2094
We report a fiber-optic evanescent-wave (EW) sensor capable of dramatically increasing the power collection level by capturing the EW power that is normally lost. The key element is a taper with a thin overlay that is completely separated from the sample by an arbitrary distance and thus operates remotely within the instrumentation system. A two-stage tuning of the close-to-cutoff modes occurring within this element is proposed to interpret the observed phenomenon.  相似文献   

19.
S N Behera  P Nayak  K Patnaik 《Pramana》1977,8(3):255-265
Lucovsky, Brodsky, Burstein (LBB) have studied the behaviour of mixed crystals by setting up a criterion for the existence of local mode frequencies in real crystals starting from a diatomic linear chain model. This, while successfully predicting the one and two mode behaviour for some systems fails to predict the mixed mode behaviour. We propose a similar criterion for the existence of gap modes, by demanding that the gap mode predicted by the diatomic linear chain model should lie within the gap of the real three dimensional solid for its existence. It is shown that the gap modes for various systems calculated using this criterion are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values. The infrared behaviour of mixed crystals has to be determined by examining the existence of local as well as gap modes for the two end members of the system. This generalized new criterion successfully predicts the mixed mode behaviour of III–V mixed crystals besides predicting the one and two mode behaviour, observed in infrared absorption of mixed alkali halioes and III-V compounds.  相似文献   

20.
Yang WX  Lin YY  Lee TD  Lee RK  Kivshar YS 《Optics letters》2010,35(19):3207-3209
We study experimentally an electrically pumped GaAs-based bandgap structure based on a vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL). We demonstrate that a microcavity embedded into this bandgap VCSEL structure supports localized optical modes without any holding beam. We propose a model of surface-structured VCSELs based on a reduced dissipative wave equation for describing electromagnetic modes in such semiconductor cavities and analyze a crossover between linear and nonlinear solitonlike cavity modes.  相似文献   

设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号