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1.
An efficient method for calculating the Lagrange multipliers and the analytical gradients of one state included in a state average MCSCF wave function is presented. It is demonstrated that the state average energy of an ‘equal-weight’ scheme is invariant to rotations within the state average subspace and that the corresponding rotations should be eliminated from the Lagrangian equations. Finally, a diagnostic is presented, which gauges the energy difference between a state defined by a state average calculation and the corresponding fully variational multi-configurational SCF state.  相似文献   

2.
曹天德 《中国物理 B》2010,19(11):117402-117402
This paper deduces that the particular electronic structure of cuprate superconductors confines Cooper pairs to be first formed in the antinodal region which is far from the Fermi surface,and these pairs are incoherent and result in the pseudogap state.With the change of doping or temperature,some pairs are formed in the nodal region which locates the Fermi surface,and these pairs are coherent and lead to superconductivity.Thus the coexistence of the pseudogap and the superconducting gap is explained when the two kinds of gaps are not all on the Fermi surface.It also shows that the symmetry of the pseudogap and the superconducting gap are determined by the electronic structure,and non-s wave symmetry gap favours the high-temperature superconductivity.Why the high-temperature superconductivity occurs in the metal region near the Mott metal-insulator transition is also explained.  相似文献   

3.
We present two schemes for realizing the remote preparation of a Greenberger--Horne--Zeilinger (GHZ) state. The first scheme is to remotely prepare a general N-particle GHZ state with two steps. One is to prepare a qubit state by using finite classical bits from sender to receiver via a two-particle entangled state, and the other is that the receiver introduces N - 1 additional particles and performs N - 1 controlled-not (C-Not) operations. The second scheme is to remotely prepare an N-atom GHZ state via a two-atom entangled state in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). The two schemes require only a two-particle entangled state used as a quantum channel, so we reduce the requirement for entanglement.  相似文献   

4.
We propose the generation of entangled states with trapped calcium ions using a combination of an rf dressed state and a spin-dependent force. By using this method, a decoherence-free entangled state of rf qubits can be directly generated, and ideally its fidelity is close to unity. We demonstrate an rf entangled state with a fidelity of 0.68±0.08, which has a coherence time of more than 200 ms by virtue of the fact that it is an eigenstate with energy gaps between adjacent levels. Using the same technique, we also produce a qutrit-qutrit entangled state with a fidelity of 0.77±0.09, which exceeds the threshold value for separability of 2/3.  相似文献   

5.
We derive analytical expressions for the single mode quantum field state at the individual output ports of a beam splitter when a single-photon Fock state and a coherent state are incident on the input ports. The output states turn out to be a statistical mixture between a displaced Fock state and a coherent state. Consequently we are able to find an analytical expression for the corresponding Wigner function. Because of the generality of our calculations the obtained results are valid for all passive and lossless optical four port devices. We show further how the results can be adapted to the case of the Mach-Zehnder interferometer. In addition we consider the case for which the single-photon Fock state is replaced with a general input state: a coherent input state displaces each general quantum state at the output port of a beam splitter with the displacement parameter being the amplitude of the coherent state.  相似文献   

6.
We present a scheme of remote preparation of two-particle states using a particular four-qubit cluster state as the quantum channel. The probability of success regarding this preparation scheme is calculated in both general and some particular cases. Our results show that in general such remote state preparation can be realized with a probability of 1/4. But in several special cases, the probability of success can be improved to 1/2 or even 1.  相似文献   

7.
《Physics letters. A》2001,282(6):331-335
A solid state device, composed of two photon absorption crystals, rotators, and retarders, is proposed to discriminate all the four Bell states. Crystal symmetry and interference allow the absorption of a particular Bell state. The rotators and the retarders transform the other states to the state that can be detected.  相似文献   

8.
周彦辉 《中国物理 B》2011,20(8):80305-080305
Two quantum logic networks are proposed to simulate a cloning machine that copies the states near a given one.Probabilistic cloning based on the first network is realized and the cloning probability of success based on the second network is 100%.Therefore,the second network is more motivative than the first one.  相似文献   

9.
An experiment is performed to demonstrate the temporal distinguishability of a four-photon state and a six-photon state, both from parametric down-conversion. The experiment is based on a multiphoton interference scheme in a recently discovered projection measurement of a maximally entangled N-photon state. By measuring the visibility of the interference dip, we can distinguish the various scenarios in the temporal distribution of the pairs and, thus, quantitatively determine the degree of temporal distinguishability of a multiphoton state.  相似文献   

10.
We report a quantum teleportation experiment in which nonlinear interactions are used for the Bell state measurements. The experimental results demonstrate the working principle of irreversibly teleporting an unknown arbitrary polarization state from one system to another distant system by disassembling into and then later reconstructing from purely classical information and nonclassical EPR correlations. The distinct feature of this experiment is that all four Bell states can be distinguished in the Bell state measurement. Teleportation of a polarization state can thus occur with certainty in principle.  相似文献   

11.
We theoretically investigate the phase sensitivity with parity measurement on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer with a coherent state combined with a squeezed number state. Within a constraint on the total mean photon number, we find, via parity measurement, that the mixing of a coherent state and squeezed number state can give better phase sensitivity than mixing a coherent state and squeezed vacuum state when the phase shift deviates from the optimal phase φ= 0. In addition,we show that the classical Fisher information for parity measurement saturates the quantum Fisher information when the phase shift approaches to zero. Thus, the quantum Crame′r–Rao bound can be reached via the parity measurement in the case of φ= 0.  相似文献   

12.
孙立莉  樊秋波  张寿 《中国物理》2005,14(7):1313-1316
我们提出了利用三粒子非最大纠缠GHZ态和二粒子非最大纠缠态从一个发送者概率隐形传送任意未知二粒子态至两个接收者中的一个的方案。发送者进行两次Bell-state 测量,接收者以另一个可能的接收者进行的Hadamard操作和投影测量的结果为条件引入两个适当的幺正变换就可以概率隐形传送任意未知二粒子态。  相似文献   

13.
Presented in this paper is a theoretical calculation of the vortex solution in a chosen superlattice (Nb/NbZr) using the Gibbs free energy of an inhomogeneous superconductor. The eigenvalue obtained in this geometry from de Gennes-Werthamer proximity coupling theory is first examined according to a set of experimental data, while the correspondent eigenfunctions are then used to construct vortex solutions with either square lattice or triangle lattice symmetry. The Gibbs free energy is calculated in terms of the vortex solutions of both symmetries. The effective Ginzburg-Landau parameter,K NS , for this superlattice is determined asK NS =0.218 by requiring a consistency between the microscopic and macroscopic theoretical calculations. Of particular importance is a new mechanism revealed by this calculation that a highly localized state of superconducting condensate in its hosting layer, despite the spatially rapid varying characteristic of its correspondent nucleating order parameter, provides a lower eigenvalue state, which results in a dimensional crossover. A further examination of this mechanism is carried out in the mixed state calculation. Finally, a generalization of the present theoretical results to a large class of superlatices is discussed.  相似文献   

14.
This work describes how to implement probabilistically the entangled state (∣0 0 0〉 + ∣0 1 1〉 + ∣1 0 1〉 + ∣1 1 0〉)/2, for coherent state qubit, using only linear optics and measurements. Its creation is proposed firstly using an ideal lossless setup and secondly considering the decoherence caused by losses in the optical devices. The advantage of our scheme is the absence of single-qubit gates, photons counters and quantum teleportation, resources that are common in coherent state quantum information processing.  相似文献   

15.
16.
We have performed the first experimental tomographic reconstruction of a three-photon polarization state. Quantum state tomography is a powerful tool for fully describing the density matrix of a quantum system. We measured 64 three-photon polarization correlations and used a "maximum-likelihood" reconstruction method to reconstruct the Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger state. The entanglement class has been characterized using an entanglement witness operator and the maximum predicted values for the Mermin inequality were extracted.  相似文献   

17.
In accordance with transformation operator, we give two schemes for teleporting an unknown one-particle state via a general GHZ state, Two Von Neumann type measurements are given for teleporting an unknown one-particle state. The first Von Neumann type measurement use four orthogonal states and the second Von Neumann type measurement is eight orthogonal states. For maximally entangled GHZ state, the successful probability and fidelity of two schemes both reach 1.  相似文献   

18.
We demonstrate an experimental realization of remote state preparation via the quantum teleportation algorithm, using an entangled photon pair in the polarization degree of freedom as the quantum resource. The input state is encoded on the path of one of the photons from the pair. The improved experimental scheme allows us to control the preparation and teleportation of a state over the entire Bloch sphere with a resolution of the degree of mixture given by the coherence length of the photon pair. Both the preparation of the input state and the implementation of the quantum gates are performed in a pair of chained displaced Sagnac interferometers, which contribute to the overall robustness of the setup. An average fidelity above 0.9 is obtained for the remote state preparation process. This scheme allows for a prepared state to be transmitted on every repetition of the experiment, thus giving an intrinsic success probability of 1.  相似文献   

19.
An all W-type state task is put forward: joint remote state preparation of a W-type state via W-type states. We propose two probabilistic yet faithful schemes for the task. The first scheme uses two arbitrary W-type states as the shared quantum resource and the second scheme exploits three such states. We show that, while the first scheme requires some additional quantum resource and technical operations from the receiver, the second scheme allows any completely unequipped party to play the role of receiver. In both schemes the classical communication cost is one bit per preparer.  相似文献   

20.
主要研究了运用五粒子簇态作为量子通道来实现特殊形式的四粒子态的量子隐形传态方案.该方案运用了量子力学中量子纠缠的理论.在这个方案中,发送者只需要进行五粒子冯·诺依曼投影测量,接收者根据发送者的测量结果,通过在其量子位上执行一些适当的幺正变换得出原始的四量子比特状态.提出的这个方案可以很好地应对一般的窃听方式.  相似文献   

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