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1.
基于分数阶应变理论,研究了移动热源作用下三维弹性体的热 机动态响应.将分数阶应变理论下的控制方程应用于三维半空间模型,通过Laplace积分变换、双重Fourier变换及其数值反变换对控制方程进行求解,得到了不同热源速度和不同分数阶参数下,无量纲温度、应力、应变和位移的分布规律.结果表明,分数阶应变参数对机械波影响显著而对热波影响有限,热源速度对热 机械波影响显著.  相似文献   

2.
计及上覆无限热弹性流体的重力作用,沿界面有不同的外力作用时,研究广义热弹性固体的旋转变形问题.在Laplace和Fourier域内,通过积分变换,得到了位移、应力及温度分布的表达式.然后在物理域内,应用数值逆变换方法,得到这些分量的值,并讨论了该问题的一些特例.结果以图形方式给出,显示了介质的旋转以及重力作用的影响.  相似文献   

3.
研究了多层介质中的热弹性位移和应力.多层介质具有不同厚度,各层又具有不同的弹性性质,最上层表面上作用热荷载和集中荷载.假设各层分别是均匀、各向同性弹性材料,各层相关的位移分量是轴对称的,对称轴为各层表面的垂线.因此,各层应力函数满足无体力的单一方程.利用积分变换法求解了该方程,对由任意多个层数构造的多层介质,给出了其相应层数基础热弹性位移和应力的解析表达式.并对3层介质和4层介质时的数值结果进行了比较.  相似文献   

4.
在无限介质中,研究了横截面为圆的柱形孔洞表面上瞬时径向力或扭转引起的扰动,讨论了高阶黏弹性和横观各向同性弹性参数的非均匀性对扰动产生的影响.根据高阶黏弹性Voigt模型,将非零应力分量简化为径向位移分量项表示,这对横观各向同性和高阶黏弹性固体介质是合宜的.导出了含有弹性和黏弹性参数以幂律变化时的应力方程.在瞬时力和扭转边界条件下,求解该方程,求得径向位移分量以及和它相关的应力分量,用修正的Bessel函数项来表示.对瞬时径向力作用问题进行了数值分析,并给出了不同阶的黏弹性和非均质性时的位移和应力变化图形.扭转作用时扰动的数值解可以用类似的方法研究,这里不再深入讨论.  相似文献   

5.
在带两个松弛时间参数的广义热弹性线性理论(Green和Lindsay理论)意义上,研究含一个球形空腔的功能梯度球形各向同性无限大弹性介质中,热弹性位移、应力和温度的求解方法.空腔表面无应力,但承受一个随时间变化的热冲击荷载作用.在Laplace变换域中,给出了一组矢量-矩阵微分方程形式的基本方程,并用特征值方法求解.应用Bellman方法进行数值逆变换.计算了位移、应力和温度,并给出相应的图形.结果表明,材料热物理性质的变化,对荷载响应的影响非常强烈.并与对应的均匀材料进行了比较和分析.  相似文献   

6.
任意梯度分布功能梯度圆环的热弹性分析   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
对沿径向任意变化的材料参数的功能梯度圆环进行了热弹性分析.与以前关于该问题的分析不同,既不需要预先给定具体的梯度变化形式,也不需要对结构进行细分.给出一种新的有效解法将问题转换为求解Fredholm积分方程,从而通过Fredholm积分方程的解给出热应力和位移的分布情况.最后通过算例分析了内外表面受不同温度作用时,材料参数呈现梯度变化对圆环的应力和位移变化的影响,计算结果表明某些特定的材料梯度可有效缓解圆环内的热应力分布.该文得到的结果对功能梯度圆环在结构安全设计方面有重要的理论指导意义.  相似文献   

7.
在粘弹性介质中的阻尼振动中引入分数阶微分算子,建立分数阶非线性振动方程.使用了分数阶变分迭代法(FVIM),推导了Lagrange乘子的若干种形式.对线性分数阶阻尼方程,分别对齐次方程和正弦激励力的非齐次方程应用FVIM得到近似解析解序列.以含激励的Bagley-Torvik方程为例,给出不同分数阶次的位移变化曲线.研究了振子运动与方程中分数阶导数阶次的关系,这可由不同分数阶次下记忆性的强弱来解释.计算方法上,与常规的FVIM相比,引入小参数的改进变分迭代法能够大大扩展问题的收敛区段.最后,以一个含分数导数的Van der Pol方程为例说明了FVIM方法解决非线性分数阶微分问题的有效性和便利性.  相似文献   

8.
研究了在应力自由和刚性固定边界条件下,无能量耗散的均匀、各向同性微极热弹性无限板的轴对称自由振动波的传播,导出了相应的对称和斜对称模态波传播的闭合式特征方程和不同区域的特征方程.对短波的情况,应力自由热绝缘和等温板中对称和斜对称模态波传播的特征方程退化为Rayleigh表面波频率方程.根据导出的特征方程得到了热弹性、微极弹性和弹性板的结果.在对称和斜对称运动中计算了板的位移分量幅值、微转动幅值和温度分布,给出了对称和斜对称模式的频散曲线,并示出了位移分量和微转动幅值和温度分布的曲线.能够发现理论分析和数值结论是非常一致的.  相似文献   

9.
当一个移动荷载沿着一个坐标轴作用在介质边界上时,研究了该具有广义热弹性扩散的均匀各向同性介质中的扰动.应用特征值逼近方法,研究了Laplace-Fourier变换域中的二维扰动问题.在Fourier扩展技术的基础上,利用Laplace数值逆变换技术,求解了位移分量、应力、温度场、浓度和化学势的解析表达式.数值计算了铜类材料的这些表达式,并给出有关图形.作为特殊情况,给出了广义热弹性介质和弹性介质中,扩散和热效应的理论结果和数值结果.  相似文献   

10.
基于广义热弹性扩散理论,边界无应力作用、绝热/恒温和化学势边界条件作用下,研究均匀、横观各向同性、热弹性扩散半空间Rayleigh波的传播.采用Green和kndsay(GL)理论,热扩散和热扩散.力学松弛条件采用4个不同的时间常数加以控制.导出了所研究介质中表面波传播的久期方程.为了说明和比较分析结果,用图形示出了各向异性和扩散对相速度、衰减系数的影响.同时,还推导了某些特殊情况下的频率方程.  相似文献   

11.
An analysis solution method (ASM) is proposed for analyzing arbitrarily shaped planar cracks in two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal quasicrystal (QC) media. The extended displacement discontinuity (EDD) boundary integral equations governing three-dimensional (3D) crack problems are transferred to simplified integral-differential forms by introducing some complex quantities. The proposed ASM is based on the analogy between these EDD boundary equations for 3D planar cracks problems of 2D hexagonal QCs and those in isotropic thermoelastic materials. Mixed model crack problems under combined normal, tangential and thermal loadings are considered in 2D hexagonal QC media. By virtue of ASM, the solutions to 3D planar crack problems under various types of loadings for 2D hexagonal QCs are formulated through comparison to the corresponding solutions of isotropic thermoelastic materials which have been studied intensively and extensively. As an application, analytical solutions of a penny-shaped crack subjected uniform distributed combined loadings are obtained. Especially, the analytical solutions to a penny-shaped crack subjected to the anti-symmetric uniform thermal loading are first derived for 2D hexagonal QCs. Numerical solutions obtained by EDD boundary element method provide a way to verify the validity of the presented formulation. The influences of phonon-phason coupling effect on fracture parameters of 2D hexagonal QCs are assessed.  相似文献   

12.
In the present article, the idea of using the variable-order fractional-derivative thermoviscoelastic constitutive laws in dynamic stress and vibration analysis of the engineering structures, the required implementation backgrounds, and the relevant numerical solution procedures are investigated for the first time. In this regard, dynamic 3D stress and displacement fields and radial/transverse vibrations of transversely graded viscoelastic spinning thick plates/discs exposed to sudden thermoelastic loads are investigated. Instead of using the approximate plate theories, the exact thermoviscoelasticity theory is employed in the development of the governing equations. Since the variable fractional order is dependent on the localized deformation rates, the resulting thermoviscoelastic integro-differential equations are nonlinear. These equations are solved by utilizing a combination of the second-order backward/central/forward finite difference discretization of the spatial and time domains, numerical evaluation and updating of the Caputo-type fractional derivatives, updating the growing number of terms of the governing equations, and Picard's iterations. Various edge conditions are considered. Finally, comprehensive sensitivity analyses and various 3D plots are presented and discussed regarding the effects of the variable fractional order of the constitutive law, time variations of the nonuniformly distributed transverse loads, and edge conditions on the distributions and damping of the resulting displacement and stress components.  相似文献   

13.
In this paper, the linear and nonlinear vibrations of fractional viscoelastic Timoshenko nanobeams are studied based on the Gurtin–Murdoch surface stress theory. Firstly, the constitutive equations of fractional viscoelasticity theory are considered, and based on the Gurtin–Murdoch model, stress components on the surface of the nanobeam are incorporated into the axial stress tensor. Afterward, using Hamilton's principle, equations governing the two-dimensional vibrations of fractional viscoelastic nanobeams are derived. Finally, two solution procedures are utilized to describe the time responses of nanobeams. In the first method, which is fully numerical, the generalized differential quadrature and finite difference methods are used to discretize the linear part of the governing equations in spatial and time domains. In the second method, which is semi-analytical, the Galerkin approach is first used to discretize nonlinear partial differential governing equations in the spatial domain, and the obtained set of fractional-order ordinary differential equations are then solved by the predictor–corrector method. The accuracy of the results for the linear and nonlinear vibrations of fractional viscoelastic nanobeams with different boundary conditions is shown. Also, by comparing obtained results for different values of some parameters such as viscoelasticity coefficient, order of fractional derivative and parameters of surface stress model, their effects on the frequency and damping of vibrations of the fractional viscoelastic nanobeams are investigated.  相似文献   

14.
In this paper, we study a mathematical model of nonlinear thermoelastic wave propagation in fluid‐saturated porous media, considering memory effect in the heat propagation. In particular, we derive the governing equations in one dimension by using the Gurtin–Pipkin theory of heat flux history model and specializing the relaxation function in such a way to obtain a fractional Erdélyi–Kober integral. In this way, we obtain a nonlinear model in the framework of time‐fractional thermoelasticity, and we find an explicit analytical solution by means of the invariant subspace method. A second memory effect that can play a significant role in this class of models is parametrized by a generalized time‐fractional Darcy law. We study the equations obtained also in this case and find an explicit traveling wave type solution. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献   

15.
The dynamic analysis of viscoelastic pipes conveying fluid is investigated by the variable fractional order model in this article. The nonlinear variable fractional order integral-differential equation is established by introducing the model into the governing equation. Then the Shifted Legendre Polynomials algorithm is first presented for dealing with this kind of equations. The convergence analysis and numerical example verify that the algorithm is an effective and accurate technique for addressing this type complicated equation. Numerical results for dynamic analysis of viscoelastic pipes conveying fluid show the effect of parameters on displacement, acceleration, strain and stress. It also indicates that how dynamic properties are affected by the variable fractional order and fluid velocity varying. Most of all, the proposed algorithm has enormous potentials for the problem of high precision dynamics under the variable fractional order model.  相似文献   

16.
In this work, we have constructed the equations for generalized thermoelasticity of an unbounded fiber-reinforced anisotropic medium with a circular hole. The formulation is applied in the context of Green and Naghdi (GN) theory. The thermoelastic interactions are caused by (I) a uniform step in stress applied to the boundary of the hole with zero temperature change and (II) a uniform step in temperature applied to the boundary of the hole which is stress-free. The solutions for displacement, temperature and stresses are obtained with the help of the finite element procedure. The effects of the reinforcement on temperature, stress and displacement are studied. Results obtained in this work can be used for designing various fiber-reinforced anisotropic elements under mechanical or thermal load to meet special engineering requirements.  相似文献   

17.
This paper presents research on the fractional boundary layer flow and heat transfer over a stretching sheet with variable thickness. Based on the Caputo operators, the double fractional Maxwell model and generalized Fourier's law are introduced to the constitutive relationships. The governing equations are solved numerically by utilizing the finite difference method. The effects of fractional parameters on the velocity and temperature field are analyzed. The results indicate that the larger is the fractional stress parameter, the stronger is the elastic characteristic. However, fluids show viscous fluid-like behavior for a larger value of fractional strain parameter. Moreover, the numerical solutions are in good agreement with the exact solution and the convergence order can achieve the expected first order. The numerical method in this study is reliable and can be extended to other fractional boundary layer problems over a variable thickness sheet.  相似文献   

18.
Transient thermoelastic interactions between materials and the moving heat sources, i.e. Laser additive manufacturing, Laser-assisted thermotherapy, high speed sliding and rolling contacts, are becoming increasingly important. In this work, a unified fractional thermoelastic theory is developed, and applied to study transient responses caused by a moving heat source. Theoretically, new insights on fractional thermoelasticity are provided by introducing new definitions of fractional derivative, i.e. Caputo-Fabrizio, Atangana–Baleanu and Tempered-Caputo type. Numerically, a semi-infinite medium subjected to a source of heat moving with constant velocity is considered within the present model under two different sets of boundary conditions: stress free and temperature given for the first, displacement fixed and thermally adiabatic for the second. Analytical solutions to all responses are firstly formulated in Laplace domain, and then transformed into time domain through numerical method. The numerical results show that Caputo-Fabrizio and Atangana–Baleanu type models predict smaller transient responses than Caputo type theory, while Tempered-Caputo model may give larger results by increasing the tempered parameter. Meanwhile, the effect of fractional order, tempered parameter of Tempered-Caputo model, and the velocity of heat source on all responses is discussed in detail. The time history of responses shows that: for long-term process, the exponential function of TC definition will make sense, and the temperature from TC model is greatly different from that of C model. This work may provide comprehensive understanding for thermoelastic interactions due to moving heat source, and open up possibly wide applications of such new fractional derivatives.  相似文献   

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