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0 引言 多孔介质二相驱动问题的数学模型是由压力方程与浓度方程组成的偏微分方程组的初边值问题.关于该问题的数值解问题,已有大量的文献.为了得到最优的L~2-模误差估计,好多方法用混合元方法解压力方程.我们知道,混合元法得到的方程组系数矩阵是非正定的,从而解混合元比解标准元要困难得多,虽然许多人研究了混合元方法的求解问题,但到目前为止,还没有看到令人满意的好的算法.为了避开对混合元的求解,著名学者T.F.Russell考虑了用标准有限元方法解压力方程,用特征有限元方法解浓度方程的求解方法及其迭代解法,对只有分子扩散的二相驱动问题得到了最优的L~2模误差估计,对有机械弥散的一般二相驱动问题得不到最优的L~2模误差估计,同时在收敛性证明中要求压力有限元空间的指数至少是二.  相似文献

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1 引言 1986年,L.Cermak和M.Zlamal研究了半导体器件中杂质的重新分布,对具有活动边界的二维非线性扩散问题。给出在时间方向上是一阶精度的全离散有限元格式。证明了格式最优的H~1模和次最优的L~2模估计。1989年.P.Lesaint和R.Touzani对一维变动区域上的热传导方程。经过坐标变换,给出了在固定区域上的全离散有限元格式和最优的L~2模估计。1990年,梁国平和陈志明利用时空有限元,给出了变动区域上线性抛物型的方程的全离散变网格有限元格式。证明了最优的L~2收敛性。本文考虑了一类具有活动边界的三维  相似文献

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A low order nonconforming mixed finite element method (FEM) is established for the fully coupled non-stationary incompressible magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) problem in a bounded domain in 3D. The lowest order finite elements on tetrahedra or hexahedra are chosen to approximate the pressure, the velocity field and the magnetic field, in which the hydrodynamic unknowns are approximated by inf-sup stable finite element pairs and the magnetic field by $H^1(\Omega)$-conforming finite elements, respectively. The existence and uniqueness of the approximate solutions are shown. Optimal order error estimates of $L^2(H^1)$-norm for the velocity field, $L^2(L^2)$-norm for the pressure and the broken $L^2(H^1)$-norm for the magnetic field are derived.  相似文献

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In this paper, we discuss the quadrilateral finite element approximation to the two-dimensional linear elasticity problem associated with a homogeneous isotropic elastic material. The optimal convergence of the finite element method is proved for both the $L^2$-norm and energy-norm, and in particular, the convergence is uniform with respect to the Laméconstant $\lambda$. Also the performance of the scheme does not deteriorate as the material becomes nearly incompressible. Numerical experiments are given which are consistent with our theory.  相似文献

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This paper presents error estimates in both an energy norm and the $L^2$-norm for the weak Galerkin (WG) finite element methods for elliptic problems with low regularity solutions. The error analysis for the continuous Galerkin finite element remains same regardless of regularity. A totally different analysis is needed for discontinuous finite element methods if the elliptic regularity is lower than H-1.5. Numerical results confirm the theoretical analysis.  相似文献

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Let(M~n, g)(n ≥ 3) be an n-dimensional complete Riemannian manifold with harmonic curvature and positive Yamabe constant. Denote by R and R?m the scalar curvature and the trace-free Riemannian curvature tensor of M, respectively. The main result of this paper states that R?m goes to zero uniformly at infinity if for p ≥ n, the L~p-norm of R?m is finite.As applications, we prove that(M~n, g) is compact if the L~p-norm of R?m is finite and R is positive, and(M~n, g) is scalar flat if(M~n, g) is a complete noncompact manifold with nonnegative scalar curvature and finite L~p-norm of R?m. We prove that(M~n, g) is isometric to a spherical space form if for p ≥n/2, the L~p-norm of R?m is sufficiently small and R is positive.In particular, we prove that(M~n, g) is isometric to a spherical space form if for p ≥ n, R is positive and the L~p-norm of R?m is pinched in [0, C), where C is an explicit positive constant depending only on n, p, R and the Yamabe constant.  相似文献

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In this article, an $H^1$-Galerkin mixed finite element (MFE) method for solving the time fractional water wave model is presented. First-order backward Euler difference method and $L1$ formula are applied to approximate integer derivative and Caputo fractional derivative with order $1/2$, respectively, and $H^1$-Galerkin mixed finite element method is used to approximate the spatial direction. The analysis of stability for fully discrete mixed finite element scheme is made and the optimal space-time orders of convergence for two unknown variables in both $H^1$-norm and $L^2$-norm are derived. Further, some computing results for a priori analysis and numerical figures based on four changed parameters in the studied problem are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the current method  相似文献

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Based on the primal mixed variational formulation, a stabilized nonconforming mixed finite element method is proposed for the linear elasticity on rectangular and cubic meshes. Two kinds of penalty terms are introduced in the stabilized mixed formulation, which are the jump penalty term for the displacement and the divergence penalty term for the stress. We use the classical nonconforming rectangular and cubic elements for the displacement and the discontinuous piecewise polynomial space for the stress, where the discrete space for stress are carefully chosen to guarantee the well-posedness of discrete formulation. The stabilized mixed method is locking-free. The optimal convergence order is derived in the $L^2$-norm for stress and in the broken $H^1$-norm and $L^2$-norm for displacement. A numerical test is carried out to verify the optimal convergence of the stabilized method.  相似文献

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In this paper, we investigate the superconvergence property of mixed finite element methods for a linear elliptic control problem with an integral constraint. The state and co-state are approximated by the order $k=1$ Raviart-Thomas mixed finite element spaces and the control variable is approximated by piecewise constant functions. A superconvergent approximation of the control variable $u$ will be constructed by a projection of the discrete adjoint state. It is proved that this approximation have convergence order $h^{2}$ in $L^{\infty}$-norm. Finally, a numerical example is given to demonstrate the theoretical results.  相似文献

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This paper aims to study a second-order semi-implicit BDF finite element scheme for the Kuramoto-Tsuzuki equations in two dimensional and three dimensional spaces. The proposed scheme is stable and the nonlinear term is linearized by the extrapolation technique. Moreover, we prove that the error estimate in $L^2$-norm is unconditionally optimal which means that there has not any restriction on the time step and the mesh size. Finally, numerical results are displayed to illustrate our theoretical analysis.  相似文献

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In this paper, we discuss the superconvergence of mixed finite element methods for a semilinear elliptic control problem with an integral constraint. The state and costate are approximated by the order $k=1$ Raviart-Thomas mixed finite element spaces and the control variable is approximated by piecewise constant functions. Approximation of the optimal control of the continuous optimal control problem will be constructed by a projection of the discrete adjoint state. It is proved that this approximation has convergence order $h^{2}$ in $L^{\infty}$-norm. Finally, a numerical example is given to demonstrate the theoretical results.  相似文献