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A Broadband Geoacoustic Inversion Scheme
作者姓名:LIZheng-Lin  ZHANGRen-He
作者单位:NationalLaboratoryofAcoustics,InstituteofAcoustics,ChineseAcademyofSciences,Beijing100080
摘    要:A geoacoustic inversion scheme, which combines several inversion methods together to invert for the bottomparameters, has been proposed based on the fact that the bottom acoustic parameters have different sensitivitiesto the different physical parameters of acoustic field. Firstly, the characteristic impedance of the bottom is invertedby measuring the vertical bottom reflective coefficients. Secondly, the derived bottom characteristic impedance isused as a constrained condition in another inversion procedure, which is very sensitive to the bottom sound speedbut less sensitive to the attenuation, to inverse the bottom sound speed and bottom density. Lastly, the bottomattenuation can be estimated from methods such as transmission loss data, the vertical correlation of propagationdata, and the normal mode attenuation. To obtain the characteristic impedance of the bottom accurately, vacuumglass spheres (VGS) are used as broadband sound sources, and a special mechanism is designed to trigger theVGS imploded at the preset depth. The inversion scheme has been successfully used for a set of sea experimentaldata. It shows that the inverted bottom parameters could distinguish the atlas marked bottom type quite well.The excellent comparison of the numerical results with the experimental data shows the validity of the invertedparameters.

关 键 词:宽带地声转换  海底声学参数  沉积物声速  声场测量  反射系数  传输损耗
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