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煤基化工与动力多联产系统开拓研究   总被引:24,自引:5,他引:19  
煤气化发电-甲醇联产系统是一种建立在能的梯级利用概念基础上,融合了IGCC动力系统与甲醇生产流程的新颖的多联产总能系统。本文对多联产系统进行了开拓性研究,基于能的品位原理揭示多联产系统能量转换的本质及基本规律,并通过联产系统与分产系统的比较,指出联产系统高效、灵活与清洁等特点.  相似文献
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蒸汽侧循环给水加热系统的综合优化   总被引:5,自引:0,他引:5  
1前言联合循环中蒸汽侧循环给水加热系统的综合优化是总系统整体优化必不可少的重要环节。虽然也有一些相关的研究,但至今仍很不充分,对给水加热系统的设计多凭经验进行,依赖于设计者的直觉而缺乏科学的依据。另外,对不同的蒸汽循环系统,其给水加热系统差异很大;而增压流化床燃煤联合循环PFBC—CC[‘]中给水加热系统比较复杂,为多加热源,不仅要合理抽汽加热,还要充分利用燃机的排气余热。再者,PFBC—CC是以蒸汽侧循环为主的联合循环,蒸汽侧循环给水加热系统的优化对整个系统性能的改善有更大的意义。本文以复杂的PFBC—…  相似文献
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基于遗传算法的光综合孔径圆周阵优化   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
何云涛  江月松  刘广达 《光学学报》2007,27(9):1611-1616
从光综合孔径圆周阵列成像的基本原理出发,建立了圆周阵列的优化模型;采用改进的实数编码方法对子孔径阵列位置进行编码,运用遗传算法进行子孔径阵列的优化;以阵列的u-v覆盖点间距最大化及最小冗余度来设计目标函数,实现了8~16个子孔径二维圆周阵的优化排列;分析了二维圆周光综合孔径阵列成像系统的点扩展函数、光学传递函数和衍射成像的基本原理;对优化结果与模拟退火算法的结果进行对比,使用仿真成像程序分析其点扩展函数,并与均匀排布的圆周阵列进行对比。结果表明,采用改进的实数编码的遗传算法可以很好地解决综合孔径阵列优化的问题,相对于模拟退火算法,该方法的计算时间更短,结果更优。  相似文献
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本文基于总能系统概念,把能的梯级利用原理与超结构等方法有机地结合起来,提出IGCC蒸汽系统流程与参数综合优化新思路和新方法。并对大型 400 MW级IGCC电站系统进行模块化建模和模拟分析,总结和揭示了IGCC蒸汽系统综合优化规律,得出若干有实用参考价值的结论。  相似文献
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Synthesis yields of organic reactions are one of the most important factors in ranking synthesis routes created by synthesis route design systems such as Transform‐Oriented Synthesis Planning and Knowledge base‐Oriented Synthesis Planning. If it is possible to predict the yields of synthesis reactions before starting experiments, one can easily determine an order of synthesis routes for experimental works. In the present study, the reaction profiles of the Curtius rearrangement with different substituents were calculated to generate an equation predicting experimental yields of this reaction. Reactions followed by the formation of isocyanates were also analyzed to consider the relationship between reaction times and experimental yields. A partial least squares (PLS) regression was used to correlate the experimental yields with the calculated activation energies, Ea(calc), together with experimental conditions such as dielectric constants of solvents, reaction times, and reaction temperatures as explanatory variables. Although the PLS regression using all the data gave very poor results, we succeeded in making a model equation with R2 = 0.887 using a modified data set. However, there is a conflict between the predictability and the interpretability on the reaction time. This discrepancy mainly comes from unnecessarily long reaction times in the experiments for azides with calculated Ea values of less than 33 kcal mol–1. To construct a good model equation for the experimental yields of the Curtius reaction, we have to use data sets obtained from within 90 min of the reaction for the PLS regression. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.  相似文献
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