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1.
Values for acoustic voice measurements were obtained from 88 normal individuals and 98 pathological cases of mass lesions of vocal fold and 50 cases of unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Overall, all items reflecting perturbations of pitch and amplitude as well as glottal noise were significantly higher in the groups of patients compared with the normal group. The measurement of normalized noise energy (NNE) was found to be an optimum parameter for discrimination of normal/abnormal voices. The voices of patients with vocal fold nodules and vocal fold polyps were analyzed before endolaryngeal phonomicrosurgery (EPM) and 2 weeks after. Statistically significant (p < 0.01) improvement was achieved both in perceptual and acoustic analysis. EPM resulted in a significant decrease of mean jitter, shimmer, and NNE. Clinically, these measures provided documentable and measurable evidence of vocal function and were helpful for comparing patients with normal speakers. They also were useful for a thorough documentation of patient's voice pathology and for evaluation of the presurgical and postsurgical voice status.  相似文献
2.
Arytenoid Cartilage Dislocation: A 20-year Experience   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
SUMMARY: Arytenoid cartilage dislocation is an infrequently diagnosed cause of vocal fold immobility. Seventy-four cases have been reported in the literature to date. Intubation is the most common origin, followed by external laryngeal trauma. Decreased volume and breathiness are the most common presenting symptoms. We report on 63 patients with arytenoid cartilage dislocation treated by the senior author (RTS) since 1983. Significantly more posterior than anterior dislocations were represented. Although reestablishing joint mobility is difficult, endoscopic reduction should be considered to align the heights of the vocal processes. This process may result in significant voice improvement even long after the dislocation. Strobovideolaryngoscopy, laryngeal electromyography, and laryngeal computed tomography (CT) imaging are helpful in the evaluation of patients with vocal fold immobility to help distinguish arytenoid cartilage dislocation from vocal fold paralysis. Familiarity with signs and symptoms of arytenoid cartilage dislocation and current treatment techniques improves the chances for optimal therapeutic results.  相似文献
3.
Risk factors for vocal cord hemorrhages were reviewed in 44 professional voice users. In a majority of cases, the direct cause of hemorrhage was temporally related to singing, public speaking, or some form of forceful laryngeal activity. Sixteen of the 44 patients had a concomitant upper respiratory tract infection, and in the case of women patients, eight of 30 had hormonal imbalances. These included abnormal menstrual cycles, use of estrogen supplements, gynecological surgery, and the use of birth control pills. In most of these cases, correction of the underlying hormonal disturbance prevented the recurrence of bleeding episodes. We stress that such abnormalities should be ruled out by history and appropriate tests when necessary, to prevent the occasional crippling sequelae of vocal cord hemorrhages and review the various treatment options available for this condition.  相似文献
4.
A canine model was used to study effects of long-term intubation on vocal fold mucosa. Dogs' larynges were removed 5 weeks after a 7-day intubation period and were compared with control tissue. Intubation effects on vocal fold mucosa were highly variable. Most severe damage was observed posteriorly, at the presumed location of direct tube-mucosa contact. Effects judged to be less severe but still significant were noted in tissue anterior to this site. Morphometric analysis of the layers of the intubated mucosa revealed significant differences in epithelium, connective tissue, and glands, as compared with control tissue. Differences were also observed for blood vessels and nerves. Of particular clinical importance was evidence of damage along membranous, as well as cartilaginous, portions of the true vocal fold, and of damaged connective tissue and cartilage underlying epithelium which appeared normal. Implications of the findings for recovery from intubation, and for voice, are discussed.  相似文献
5.
The aim of the study was to outline the multidimensional perceptual, subjective, and instrumental acoustic voice changes in the group of reflux laryngitis (RL) patients. Data of multidimensional voice assessment of 108 RL patients and 90 healthy persons of the control group were subjected to comparative analysis. A slight hoarseness according to the GRB (G-grade, R- rough, B-breathy) scale was prevailing in the RL patients group. Statistically significant difference (P < 0.001) between RL patients group and the control group was found of all voice parameters measured, with the patients having worse results--increased mean jitter, shimmer, normalized noise energy, voice handicap index (VHI), and decreased parameters of phonetogram. The results of the study demonstrated that multidimensional voice assessment documented deteriorated voice quality and restricted phonation capabilities in the tested group of RL patients.  相似文献
6.
For years, otolaryngologists and voice therapists have warned voice patients that whispering causes more trauma to the larynx than normal speech. However, no large series of patients has ever been examined fiberoptically during whispering to test this hypothesis. As part of our routine examination, patients are asked to count from 1 to 10 in a normal voice and in a whispered voice. We reviewed recorded fiberoptic examinations of 100 patients who had voice complaints. We compared supraglottic hyperfunction and vocal fold closure during the normal and whispered phonation of each patient. Sixty-nine percent of the patients demonstrated increased supraglottic hyperfunction with whispered voice. Eighteen percent had no change, and 13% had less severe hyperfunction. The most common glottal configuration during whisper was an inverted Y, which resulted from compression of the anterior and middle thirds of the true vocal folds. However, 12 patients had no true vocal fold contact during whispered voice, despite having adequate glottic closure with normal voice. Although whispering involves more severe hyperfunction in most patients, it does not seem to do so in all patients. In some patients, it may be less traumatic than normal voice.  相似文献
7.
Voice disturbances in asthma patients may be caused by inhaled corticosteroids. In order to study the prevalence of such voice disturbances, a questionnaire was delivered to asthma patients at three asthma and allergy departments in Stockholm. The questionnaire consisted of 25 questions concerning the asthma disease symptoms, medication, voice function, and voice disturbances. A total of 350 questionnaires were delivered. Response frequency was 80%. There was a significant positive correlation between inhalation of cortison and voice disturbances. Most of the patients complained about hoarseness, followed by throat clearing, a lump in the throat, loss of voice, and less frequently, throat pain. There were no significantly differences between men and women. Elderly had more voice problems than young persons. Patients with voice-demanding professions had more problems than patients who used their voice to a lesser extent during the working day. There was a significant positive correlation between high cortison doses and voice problems as well as between voice problems and acid regurgitation.  相似文献
8.
The objective is to investigate the presence of dysphonic symptoms in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and to compare quantitative acoustic parameters in multiple sclerosis patients and normal individuals. The method of study was an 8-month controlled cross-sectional that was carried out with 106 individuals (30 MS, 76 controls). Both groups included males and females from 20 to 55 years. Exclusion criteria were prior vocal disorder, laryngeal microsurgery, recent endotracheal intubation, tumors, laryngeal, lung or mediastinal metastases, respiratory disease, and other associated neurological diagnoses. For dysphonic symptoms (qualitative variables), associations were assessed using Mantel-Haenszel's chi2 test, with Yates correction or the Fisher exact test when necessary. Statistical significance was set at p< or =0.05. Dysphonia was observed in 70% of MS individuals versus 33% of controls (p=0.01). Association was found between MS and dysphonia (OR: 2.2, CI 95%: 1.13-4.25). Fundamental frequency was higher among MS patients (p=0.01). Fundamental frequency deviation was significantly higher in MS women (but not men) than controls (p=0.00). Jitter was higher in MS men than in all other groups (p=0.00). Results suggest that evaluation and treatment of MS patients should be revised, evaluating voice alterations in relation to other signs. MS seems to intensify gender effect on fundamental frequency deviation, noise, and jitter, with MS women presenting fewer voice variations than men.  相似文献
9.
Several studies have reported prevalence rates for voice disorders in school-aged children. Less is known, however, about such prevalence in preschoolers, and whether racial, ethnic, or cultural diversity may influence it. The presence of voice disorders in a total of 2445 African-American and European-American preschool children, 1246 males and 1199 females, from 2 to 6 years of age is reported here. Presence of a voice disorder characterized by hoarseness was identified by a three-prong approach including teacher identification, investigator screening, and parent identification. Speech-language pathologists listened individually to each child's speech as they engaged each child in play-conversation activities. A voice disorder was identified on the basis of the judgment of two speech-language pathologists. Voice disorders characterized by hoarseness were identified in 95 children or 3.9% of the total sample by the investigators. Statistical analysis revealed no significant differences for age, gender, or race.  相似文献
10.
The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of vocal problems in young choir singers and to correlate vocal problems with demographic and behavioral information. A questionnaire addressing vocal habits and hygiene was offered to 571 young choir singers, up to 25 years of age, who sing at least weekly; 129 (22.6%) responded. More than one-half of the respondents had experienced vocal difficulty, particularly older adolescents. Detrimental behaviors and circumstances surveyed were not reflective of the incidence of vocal difficulty, except for morning hoarseness, chronic fatigue, insomnia, and female gender after puberty. Voice care professionals should be aware that self-reported voice difficulties are common among young choral singers, especially postpubescent girls, and children with symptoms consistent with reflux (morning hoarseness) and emotional stress (insomnia). Laryngologists should communicate with choral conductors and singing teachers to enhance early identification and treatment of children with voice complaints, and to develop choral educational strategies that help decrease their incidence.  相似文献
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