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1.
Harmonics-to-Noise Ratio: An Index of Vocal Aging   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
Distinguishing between vocal changes that occur with normal aging and those that are associated with disease is an important goal of research in voice. Several acoustic measures have been used in an attempt to illuminate the integrity of the vocal mechanism, including harmonics-to-noise ratio (HNR), jitter, and fundamental frequency (F0). HNR is a measure that quantifies the amount of additive noise in the voice signal; jitter reflects the periodicity of vocal fold vibration. In this study, measures of HNR, jitter and F0 were used to compare vocal function in three groups of normally speaking women: young adults, middle-aged adults, and elderly adults. Significant differences in HNR emerged between the elderly women and the other two groups. F0 differences were also apparent between the elderly group and the two younger groups; there were no significant differences in jitter between the three groups. HNR was found to be a more sensitive index of vocal function than jitter. The significant lowering of HNR evident in the elderly speakers may be attributable in part to medications taken by the majority of these elderly subjects.  相似文献
2.
用于多波长高功率激光能量测量的体吸收能量计   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1  
林康春  田莉 《应用光学》1998,19(4):22-25
叙述体吸收激光能量计的原理及物理模型,给出其性能参数及测试方法,分析它在神光Ⅱ装置中对三种波长激光能量测量的取样方式及测量精度。  相似文献
3.
Effects of Family Therapy on Children's Voices   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
The families of nine children with deviant voice qualities were selected for family treatment according to the SYGESTI model. Recordings of the children's speech were made before and after therapy. Perceptual evaluation of their voice quality showed significant improvement in various perceptual parameters after the therapy. Acoustical analysis confirmed changes of voice quality and mean fundamental frequency in speech. The therapy also was found to improve relations between family members, conflict management and other aspects of communication. The results suggest that these children's deviant voices were related to family conditions.  相似文献
4.
β-榄香烯振动光谱的量子化学从头计算   总被引:1,自引:1,他引:0  
利用G98及GAMESS从头计算程序的RHF/6-31方法,对β-榄香烯的全部振动基频作了计算,并与实测红外光谱做了对比,归属了它们的振动模式,讨论了它们的特征基频,并对理论计算的振动频率进行了标度校正。  相似文献
5.
利用倒谱方法实现气声发育的重建   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
李国锋  刘莹 《应用声学》1996,15(5):41-44
本文介绍了一种利用复倒谱来实现气声发音重建的方法,首先分析了气声发音的语音特征;进而在复倒谱序列中加入基频率特征其恢复到正常的语音,对元音(a)以及实际语音段进行了处理。均有较好的效果。  相似文献
6.
An intracavity frequency-doubled vertical external cavity surface emitting laser (VECSEL) with green light is demonstrated. The fundamental frequency laser cavity consists of a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) of the gain chip and an external mirror. A 12-mW frequency-doubled output has been reached at 540 nm with a nonlinear crystal LBO when the fundamental frequency output is 44 mW at 1080 nm. The frequency doubling efficiency is about 30%.  相似文献
7.
The purposes of this project were to discover (1) if the speaking fundamental frequency (SFF) levels of professional singers differ significantly from those of nonsingers and (2) if the age-related SFF patterns are similar for these two classes of individuals. Sixty professional singers and 94 nonsingers were recorded reading the first paragraph of the “Rainbow Passage;” both males and females were included. Three paired groups (young, middle, and old age) were studied; they were selected on the basis of health and age. The professional singer groups were further divided by a binary voice classification system, specifically that of soprano/alto for women and tenor/baritone for men. It was found that the sopranos and tenors exhibited significantly higher SFF levels then did the age-matched nonsingers, whereas the altos and baritones did not differ significantly from the controls. Relationships within the performer groups were mixed. For example, there appeared to be a systemic trend for the sopranos and tenors to exhibit higher SFF levels than the altos and baritones. Finally, although the nonsinger SFF levels varied significantly as a function of age, those for the professional singers did not.  相似文献
8.
The fundamental frequency (F0) for the habitual pitch (F0HAB), F0 for the lowest physiological tone (F0L), F0 for the highest physiological tone (F0H), F0 range of phonation (F0 Rg), sound pressure level (SPL) for habitual loudness (SPLHAB), SPL for the softest tone (SPLS), SPL for the loudest tone (SPLL), and SPL range of phonation (SPL Rg) were measured in 40 normal adult subjects and 1,563 voice patients with varying diseases. F0H, F0 Rg, SPLL, and SPL Rg were decreased in many disease groups. F0HAB and F0L varied. SPLHAB and SPLS were increased in some disease groups. F0-related parameters reflected effects of treatments in the cases with polyp, Reinke's edema, epithelial hyperplasia, carcinoma, and paralysis. Effects of treatments were manifested in SPL-related parameters in the cases with nodule, polyp, carcinoma, and paralysis.  相似文献
9.
A phonetogram is a graph showing the sound pressure level (SPL) of softest and loudest phonation over the entire fundamental frequency range of a voice. A physiological interpretation of a phonetogram is facilitated if the SPL is measured with a flat frequency curve and if the vowel /a/ is used. It was found that in soft phonation, the SPL is mainly dependent on the amplitude of the fundamental, while in loud phonation, the SPL is mainly determined by overtones. The short-term SPL variation, i.e., the level variation within a tone, was about 5 dB in soft phonation and close to 2 dB in loud phonation. For two normal voices the long-term SPL variation, calculated as the mean standard deviation of SPL for day-to-day variation, was found to be between 2.4 and 3.4 dB in soft and loud phonation. Speakers who raise their loudness of phonation also tend to raise their mean voice fundamental frequency. Measures obtained from speaking at various voice levels were combined so that typical pathways could be introduced into the phonetogram. The average slope of these pathways was 0.3–0.5 st/dB for healthy subjects. Averaged phonetograms for male singers and male nonsingers did not differ significantly, but averaged phonetograms for female singers and female nonsingers did, in that the upper contour was higher for the female singers. Averaged phonetograms for female patients with non-organic dysphonia showed significantly lower SPL values in loudest phonation as compared to healthy female subjects, while no corresponding difference was seen for males in this regard. With respect to the SPL values for softest phonation, male dysphonic patients showed significantly higher SPL values than healthy male subjects, while no corresponding difference was seen in female subjects. The subglottal pressure mirrored these phonetogram differences between healthy and pathological voices. The averaged phonetograms of female patients after voice therapy showed an increased similarity with those of normal voices. For the male patients the averaged phonetogram did not change significantly after therapy.  相似文献
10.
The phonetogram has been recommended as an international tool for voice analysis. However, the capability of this technique to distinguish between different vocal groups has not been clearly established. The purpose of this study was to examine untrained versus trained vocalists using the phonetogram and the fundamental frequency by intensity (F0/SPL) information derived through that method. In this study, “musical” or “controlled” ranges of phonation were stressed rather than “physiological” ranges. Results indicated that (a) characteristic phonetographic profiles may be established for untrained versus trained vocalists, and (b) trained vocalists show significantly increased capability in terms of F0 range and maximum, minimum, and comfortable SPL production. Elicitation of “controlled” phonations may be the key to revealing the underlying vocal capabilities of seemingly different vocal groups.  相似文献
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