首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   12篇
  完全免费   5篇
  物理学   17篇
  2019年   1篇
  2017年   3篇
  2015年   1篇
  2014年   1篇
  2013年   2篇
  2012年   1篇
  2011年   1篇
  2010年   1篇
  2009年   2篇
  2008年   1篇
  2007年   1篇
  2006年   1篇
  2001年   1篇
排序方式: 共有17条查询结果,搜索用时 93 毫秒
1.
含碳纳米颗粒凝胶玻璃的制备及其量子尺寸效应   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2       下载免费PDF全文
以磷酸三乙酯、硝酸铝和正硅酸乙酯为原料,通过它们的不完全水解制备了含有有机基团的xAl2O3-xP2O5-100SiO2(x=0.25—3)凝胶.在空气中在400℃或450℃或在氮气中从300到700℃对凝胶进行热处理,使凝胶中的有机基团炭化,从而得到含有碳纳米颗粒的xAl2O3-xP2O5-100SiO2(x=0.25—2)凝胶玻璃.利用吸收光谱和TEM对含有碳纳米颗粒的凝胶玻璃进行了表征,结果发现随着碳纳米颗粒尺寸的减小吸收边向高能边移动,这种现象是由碳纳米颗粒中电子和空穴的量子限制效应引起的.电子衍射表明凝胶玻璃中的纳米碳为非晶碳.  相似文献
2.
电化学刻蚀制备的荧光碳纳米颗粒   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
以纯石墨作电极、乙二胺四乙酸二钠溶液作电解液制备了具有荧光性质的碳纳米颗粒。利用紫外-可见分光光度计和荧光分光光度计分析了碳纳米颗粒的光吸收和荧光发射特征,利用透射电镜和电子能谱分析了碳纳米颗粒的尺寸、晶体状态和成分。结果表明,碳纳米颗粒仅有几纳米,呈分散状态;在325 nm附近具有强的光吸收并表现出强的蓝光发射特征。研究了电解质溶液的种类、浓度等对碳纳米颗粒荧光发射的影响,讨论了碳纳米颗粒的荧光发射机理。  相似文献
3.
Triode field emitters with planar carbon-nanoparticle cathodes   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
We designed and fabricated three different types of triode field emitters with planar carbon-nanoparticle (CNP) cathodes such as a normal-gate structure, a double-gate structure, and a well-structure. A normal-gate structure CNP triode emitter showed good field emission properties. The field emission started at the gate-voltage of 45 V, and the anode current reached the level of 120 nA at the gate-voltage of 60 V. However, in general, normal-gate structure suffered from large gate current. Using the double-gate structure, we successfully reduced the gate current to the level less than 4% of anode currents up to the anode current of 250 nA. To simplify fabrication process while maintaining the gate current reduction effect of the double-gate structure, a triode emitter with a well-structure cathode was fabricated via reactive-ion etching of a heavily doped n-type silicon wafer. The triode emitter with a well-structure cathode and a recessed gate structure showed negligible gate current.  相似文献
4.
以热解石墨为原料,利用电化学方法,制备了荧光碳纳米颗粒。系统地研究了在不同浓度、时间、pH值、温度等条件下,Pb2+离子对碳纳米颗粒荧光发射规律的影响。实验结果表明:Pb2+离子不改变光谱形状,但可以降低荧光峰值强度;Pb2+离子作用荧光碳纳米颗粒的时间越长,猝灭效率越低;pH值不同,猝灭效率不同;随着温度的升高,Pb2+离子对碳纳米颗粒荧光的猝灭效率逐步提高。其猝灭机理可能为电荷转移猝灭和动态猝灭。  相似文献
5.
Traditional manufacturing techniques widely used in semiconductor industries involve many processing steps that consume both time and material and lead to high cost. Soft Lithography (SL) offers a new way to print micro/nano structures, which is a fast and low cost alternative to the conventional route, although the high processing temperature of metals, semiconductors and ceramics limits the application SL techniques. In this paper we report the use of Ag nanoparticles as building blocks to make structures by combing the merits of SL, nanotechnology and laser engineering, which provide a simple additive route with low capital investment. Glassy carbon (GC) was chosen as the material for the rigid master mould, as no release coating is needed for replicating the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) mould. GC moulds were machined by a nanosecond-pulsed Yb fibre laser. The machined GC moulds were further cleaned by PDMS and the same fibre laser system to remove the process debris. The master mould was further replicated by PDMS. PDMS replicas with either positive or negative features from the master mould were attainable. A two-step strategy was used to print patterns using PDMS mould and Ag nanoparticle paste. Metal patterns were formed on various substrates, and the PDMS mould was left clean and ready for reuse. The resultant printed patterns were found to be uniform over millimetre range, with negligible residual layer, and the thickness of up to several micrometres. The thermal responses of Ag nanoparticles at various sintering temperatures were investigated. The factors affecting the resolution of printed structures were discussed.  相似文献
6.
Aqueous dispersions of copper-carbonate nanoparticles and microparticles have just begun to be exploited commercially for the preservative treatment of wood. The success of the new systems will depend, in part, on the uniform distribution of the preservative in wood and the ability of copper to penetrate cell walls. We examined the distribution of copper in wood treated with a nano-Cu preservative. Copper particles are not uniformly distributed in treated wood, but they accumulate in voids that act as the flow paths for liquids in wood. Particles are deposited on, but not within cell walls. Nevertheless, elemental copper is present within cell walls, but at a lower level than that in wood treated with a conventional wood preservative. These findings suggest that nano-Cu preservatives are able to deliver bioactive components into wood cell walls even though the majority of copper particles are too large to penetrate the cell wall’s nanocapillary network.  相似文献
7.
The temporal variation in electron and ion concentrations have been measured in shock-heated mixtures of Ar + (0-2)% C3O2 in the 2000-3600 K temperature and 15-30 bar pressure range. Experiments in pure argon proved that the observed free electrons and ions originate from inherent impurities of sodium. The equilibrium concentrations of free charges in argon were established during (1-3) × 10−5 s and varied from 4 × 1011 cm−3 at T5 = 2500 K to 5 × 1012 cm−3 at 3500 K. In the reactive mixtures, containing C3O2, the time profiles of electron and ion concentrations showed a more complicate behavior—a fast rise to a maximum followed by a gradual decay. The maximum ion concentrations were much higher and electron concentrations were much lower than in similar conditions in argon. The extent of the subsequent decay of electron concentration increased proportionally to the square of the C3O2 concentration. In the mixture with 2% C3O2 the final electron concentration was about 100 times less than in pure argon. The characteristic decay time of free charges varied from 400 to 40 μs and decreased proportionally to the square root of the charge concentration. The data analysis is based on the assumption that the observed redistribution of electron and ion concentrations is caused by charging of the carbon particles formed during pyrolysis of C3O2. The kinetics of particle charging and the final distribution of charges were evaluated by the analysis of electron and ion fluxes to the particles in accordance with the electric potentials of charged particles and corresponding sodium ionization. A predominance of negatively charged particles, caused by the high electron mobility, resulted in their much higher concentration than the concentration of free electrons.  相似文献
8.
氧化锌具有良好电子传输性和高透光性,ZnO作为电子传输层已被广泛应用于聚合物太阳能电池.但采用溶胶凝胶法和真空镀膜制备ZnO电子传输层,因ZnO界面具有大量缺陷,极大增加载流子复合.抑制ZnO界面复合电流和改善ZnO界面接触性能,是提高ZnO基电子传输层聚合物太阳能电池性能关键所在.基于P3HT:PCBM反转型聚合物太阳能电池,采用磁控溅射ZnO层,研究了离子液功能化碳纳米粒子(ILCNs)修饰层或Ar/O2混合气体溅射沉积ZnO修饰层,以及Ar/O2溅射ZnO界面层与ILCNs联合修饰ZnO界面的聚合物太阳能电池性能.纯Ar和Ar/O2混合气体下一步溅射沉积ZnO电子传输层,其电池效率分别为2.2%和2.8%.经ILCNs修饰或Ar/O2溅射ZnO修饰层,电池效率分别达到3.4%和3.1%,并且分步溅射ZnO层并联合ILCNs修饰ZnO界面,聚合物太阳能电池效率可提高到3.8%.ZnO修饰型聚合物太阳能电池克服了电化学阻抗负阻效应,降低了反向暗电流并显示出更好的整流特性.研究表明,采用ILCNs修饰ZnO层和分步溅射ZnO层能有效抑制ZnO界面缺陷和改善界面接触性能,而采用分步溅射ZnO层与ILCNs联合修饰ZnO界面,这种联合修饰ZnO界面方案,更能增强ZnO层电子传输和提取能力,是提高聚合物太阳能电池效率更为有效方案.  相似文献
9.
碳纳米粒子悬浮液具有良好的光限幅性质,是一种优良的宽波段光限幅材料.通过热传导方程和米氏散射理论建立了微气泡半径与入射光能量、碳纳米粒子悬浮液散射系数和透过率的理论模型.采用Mat-lab数值模拟了散射系数随微气泡尺寸因子的变化关系,碳纳米粒子悬浮液光限幅性能随入射光能量的变化规律.研究了气泡尺寸因子、入射激光能量以及波长对碳纳米粒子悬浮液光限幅特性的影响.研究发现当激光能量达到一定值时,微气泡的半径保持恒定,不再随入射激光能量的增加而增加.微气泡尺寸的增大对碳纳米粒子悬浮液的透过率有着显著的影响.同时,碳纳米粒子悬浮液对不同入射光波长和光能表现出不同的光限幅性能.研究结果为实验研究提供了理论指导.  相似文献
10.
A new kind of water-suspensible carbon nanoparticle was prepared by oxidizing carbon black (CB) using aqueous ammonium persulfate (APS) as an oxidant. The obtained water-suspensible carbon nanoparticles (APS-CBs) were still homogeneously distributed in water three weeks after sonication. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) were employed to characterize the changes of the oxygen containing functional groups on the surfaces of the APS-CBs. Furthermore, a high performance of an epoxidized natural rubber latex (ENRL)/APS-CBs composite was obtained by a liquid latex blending method. The carbon nanoparticles were homogeneously distributed in the matrix. In comparison with the ENRL/pristine CBs composites, the APS-CBs improved the mechanical properties of the ENRL/APS-CBs composites. The dynamic rheological properties were also studied.  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号