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1.
Models are presented for locating a firm's production facilities and determining production levels at these facilities so as to maximize the firm's profit. These models take into account the changes in price at each of the spatially separated markets that would result from the increase in supply provided by the new facilities and also from the response of competing firms. Two different models of spatial competition are presented to represent the competitive market situation in which the firm's production facilities are being located. These models are formulated as variational inequalities; recent sensitivity analysis results for variational inequalities are used to develop derivatives of the prices at each of the spatially separated markets with respect to the production levels at each of the new facilities. These derivatives are used to develop a linear approximation of the implicit function relating prices to productions. A heuristic solution procedure making use of this approximation is proposed.  相似文献
2.
基于效益最优的企业物流外包决策的量化研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
供应链管理要求相关企业进行优化合作,将非核心业务外包,其中最典型的是物流外包.目前大多数文献仅仅从定性角度出发阐述企业物流外包决策的原因,而没有将其定量化研究.尝试由基本的需求函数出发,根据企业利润最大化原则,从成本和收益的角度去量化分析企业物流外包的必然性和建立高效供应链的必要性,找到基于利润和核心竞争力的企业物流外包的动力.  相似文献
3.
We present a profit-maximizing supply chain design model in which a company has flexibility in determining which customers to serve. The company may lose a customer to competition if the price it charges is too high. We show the problem formulation and solution algorithm, and discuss computational results.  相似文献
4.
信息熵增量最小化准则在供应链中的应用   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
曾伟 《运筹与管理》2006,15(4):155-159
本文研究了在考虑利润最大化准则和信息熵增量最小准则下,既能满足了利润最大化,又要增加利润可得性,销售商如何确定订购量的问题。数字实验表明:考虑双重准则得到的策略比仅考虑利润最大化准则得到的策略更好,可以使供应链、销售商及制造商都受益。  相似文献
5.
On a Profit Maximizing Location Model   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
In this paper we discuss a locational model with a profit-maximizing objective. The model can be illustrated by the following situation. There is a set of potential customers in a given region. A firm enters the market and wants to sell a certain product to this set of customers. The location and demand of each potential customer are assumed to be known. In order to maximize its total profit, the firm has to decide: (1) where to locate its distribution warehouse to serve the customers; (2) the price for its product. Due to existence of competition, each customer holds a reservation price for the product. This reservation price is a decreasing function in the distance to the warehouse. If the actual price is higher than the reservation price, then the customer will turn to some other supplier and hence is lost from the firm's market. The problem of the firm is to find the best location for its warehouse and the best price for its product at the same time in order to maximize the total profit. We show that under certain assumptions on the complexity counts, a special case of this problem can be solved in polynomial time.  相似文献
6.
This paper discusses a new meta-DEA approach to solve the problem of choosing direction vectors when estimating the directional distance function. The proposed model emphasizes finding the “direction” for productivity improvement rather than estimating the “score” of efficiency; focusing on “planning” over “evaluation”. In fact, the direction towards marginal profit maximization implies a step-by-step improvement and “wait-and-see” decision process, which is more consistent with the practical decision-making process. An empirical study of U.S. coal-fired power plants operating in 2011 validates the proposed model. The results show that the efficiency measure using the proposed direction is consistent with all other indices with the exception of the direction towards the profit-maximized benchmark. We conclude that the marginal profit maximization is a useful guide for determining direction in the directional distance function.  相似文献
7.
This paper extends the simultaneous lot-sizing and scheduling problem, to include demand choice flexibility. The basic assumption in most research about lot-sizing and scheduling problems is that all the demands should be satisfied. However, in a business with a goal of maximizing profit, meeting all demands may not be an optimum decision. In the profit maximization simultaneous lot-sizing and scheduling problem with demand choice flexibility, the accepted demand in each period, lot-sizing and scheduling are three problems which are considered simultaneously. In other words the decisions pertaining to mid-term planning and short-term planning are considered as one problem and not hierarchically. According to this assumption, the objective function of traditional models changes from minimizing costs to maximizing profits.  相似文献
8.
研究随机需求的供应链分销网络设计问题。考虑供应商可以选择所服务的零售商,且供应商通过定价决策确定所服务的零售商。针对此问题,建立了一个非线性整数规划模型和一个等价的集合包裹模型,并利用列生成算法求解集合包裹模型,同时提出一种O( n3 logn)时间的算法求解列生成算法中产生的子问题。数值计算表明,本文所提出的算法具有很好的最优性和可行性。  相似文献
9.
根据"满100元返x元"的优惠券的特点,建立了商场商品在保持原来定价的基础上、以商家利润最大化为目的的数学模型;同时,利用遗传算法对此模型优化求解,仿真结果说明该模型及其解法具有一定的实用价值.  相似文献
10.
In this paper we study the profit-maximization problem, considering maximum constraints for the general case of m-inputs and using the Cobb-Douglas model for the production function. To do so, we previously study the firm’s cost minimization problem, proposing an equivalent infimal convolution problem for exponential-type functions. This study provides an analytical expression of the production cost function, which is found to be a piece-wise potential. Moreover, we prove that this solution belongs to class C1. Using this cost function, we obtain the explicit expression of maximum profit. Finally, we illustrate the results obtained in this paper with an example.  相似文献
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