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Models are presented for locating a firm's production facilities and determining production levels at these facilities so as to maximize the firm's profit. These models take into account the changes in price at each of the spatially separated markets that would result from the increase in supply provided by the new facilities and also from the response of competing firms. Two different models of spatial competition are presented to represent the competitive market situation in which the firm's production facilities are being located. These models are formulated as variational inequalities; recent sensitivity analysis results for variational inequalities are used to develop derivatives of the prices at each of the spatially separated markets with respect to the production levels at each of the new facilities. These derivatives are used to develop a linear approximation of the implicit function relating prices to productions. A heuristic solution procedure making use of this approximation is proposed.  相似文献
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We present a profit-maximizing supply chain design model in which a company has flexibility in determining which customers to serve. The company may lose a customer to competition if the price it charges is too high. We show the problem formulation and solution algorithm, and discuss computational results.  相似文献
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On a Profit Maximizing Location Model   总被引：1，自引：0，他引：1
In this paper we discuss a locational model with a profit-maximizing objective. The model can be illustrated by the following situation. There is a set of potential customers in a given region. A firm enters the market and wants to sell a certain product to this set of customers. The location and demand of each potential customer are assumed to be known. In order to maximize its total profit, the firm has to decide: (1) where to locate its distribution warehouse to serve the customers; (2) the price for its product. Due to existence of competition, each customer holds a reservation price for the product. This reservation price is a decreasing function in the distance to the warehouse. If the actual price is higher than the reservation price, then the customer will turn to some other supplier and hence is lost from the firm's market. The problem of the firm is to find the best location for its warehouse and the best price for its product at the same time in order to maximize the total profit. We show that under certain assumptions on the complexity counts, a special case of this problem can be solved in polynomial time.  相似文献
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This paper discusses a new meta-DEA approach to solve the problem of choosing direction vectors when estimating the directional distance function. The proposed model emphasizes finding the “direction” for productivity improvement rather than estimating the “score” of efficiency; focusing on “planning” over “evaluation”. In fact, the direction towards marginal profit maximization implies a step-by-step improvement and “wait-and-see” decision process, which is more consistent with the practical decision-making process. An empirical study of U.S. coal-fired power plants operating in 2011 validates the proposed model. The results show that the efficiency measure using the proposed direction is consistent with all other indices with the exception of the direction towards the profit-maximized benchmark. We conclude that the marginal profit maximization is a useful guide for determining direction in the directional distance function.  相似文献
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This paper extends the simultaneous lot-sizing and scheduling problem, to include demand choice flexibility. The basic assumption in most research about lot-sizing and scheduling problems is that all the demands should be satisfied. However, in a business with a goal of maximizing profit, meeting all demands may not be an optimum decision. In the profit maximization simultaneous lot-sizing and scheduling problem with demand choice flexibility, the accepted demand in each period, lot-sizing and scheduling are three problems which are considered simultaneously. In other words the decisions pertaining to mid-term planning and short-term planning are considered as one problem and not hierarchically. According to this assumption, the objective function of traditional models changes from minimizing costs to maximizing profits.  相似文献
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In this paper we study the profit-maximization problem, considering maximum constraints for the general case of m-inputs and using the Cobb-Douglas model for the production function. To do so, we previously study the firm’s cost minimization problem, proposing an equivalent infimal convolution problem for exponential-type functions. This study provides an analytical expression of the production cost function, which is found to be a piece-wise potential. Moreover, we prove that this solution belongs to class C1. Using this cost function, we obtain the explicit expression of maximum profit. Finally, we illustrate the results obtained in this paper with an example.  相似文献
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