首页 | 本学科首页   官方微博 | 高级检索  
文章检索
  按 检索   检索词:      
出版年份:   被引次数:   他引次数: 提示:输入*表示无穷大
  收费全文   6篇
  国内免费   4篇
  完全免费   8篇
  化学   18篇
  2017年   3篇
  2015年   3篇
  2014年   2篇
  2013年   3篇
  2010年   1篇
  2009年   1篇
  2007年   1篇
  2006年   2篇
  2005年   1篇
  2004年   1篇
排序方式: 共有18条查询结果,搜索用时 171 毫秒
1.
氨基硅烷修饰的SBA-15用于CO2的吸附   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
王林芳  马磊  王爱琴  刘茜  张涛 《催化学报》2007,28(9):805-810
以3-丙胺基三乙氧基硅烷(APTES)为硅烷化试剂,分别采用后修饰法和一步嫁接法将其嫁接到SBA-15的孔内,形成了功能化的介孔分子筛用于CO2吸附.利用X射线衍射和氮气物理吸附等方法考察了嫁接前后SBA-15的孔结构变化,用静态吸附天平考察了不同温度和不同分压下CO2的吸附行为.实验结果表明,一步嫁接法比后修饰法更有利于实现APTES在SBA-15上的嫁接.与传统的活性炭吸附剂相比,该种介孔分子筛更有利于较低分压下CO2的吸附脱除.  相似文献
2.
以pluronic(P123)为模板剂, 正硅酸乙酯(TEOS)为硅源, 氯化氧锆和硝酸亚铈为无机前驱盐, N-(2-氨乙基)-3-氨丙基三甲氧基硅烷(AAPTS)为硅烷化试剂, 采用后接枝法合成了氨基功能化六方板状短孔道有序介孔材料H2N-Zr-Ce-SBA-15 (H2N-ZCS). 采用小角X射线衍射(LXRD)、傅里叶变换红外(FTIR)光谱、透射电子显微镜(TEM)、扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、热重分析、N2吸附/脱附等手段对H2N-ZCS 进行了表征. 结果表明AAPTS成功地嫁接到有序介孔材料上, H2N-ZCS仍保持了类似于传统SBA-15高度有序的二维六方相介孔结构, 且孔道方向垂直于该六方板面. 对阴离子染料酸性品红吸附实验表明, H2N-ZCS比H2N-SBA-15具有较强的吸附能力. 这种功能化短孔道、大径轴比的六方板状介孔材料在吸附、分离及催化等领域中能更有效地促进分子的扩散传递.  相似文献
3.
Mesoporous silica as nanoreactor for olefin polymerization   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Various metal-containing MCM-41(Metal-MCM-41) were prepared by the post-synthesis method with organometallic compound or alkoxide and used as a nanoreactor for olefin polymerization. Strong Lewis acid sites generated on Metal-MCM-41 could activate the metallocene catalyst rac-ethylene(bisindenyl)zirconium dichloride (rac-Et(Ind)2ZrCl2) effectively, resulting in the formation of active sites for polymerizations of ethylene and propylene. This suggests that Metal-MCM-41 is useful as a heterogenized cocatalyst. Ti-, Zr-, Hf-, Mn- and Zn-MCM-41 combined with alkylaluminum (without metallocene catalyst) were also found to provide isotactic polypropylene with a broad molecular weight distribution. By analyzing the characteristics of polypropylenes both inside and outside the mesopores, the polymerization behavior under extreme confined geometry was discussed.  相似文献
4.
苄基磺酸接枝MCM-41介孔分子筛的合成与表征   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
陈静  韩梅  孙蕊  王锦堂 《无机化学学报》2006,22(9):1568-1572
在采用溶胶-凝胶法合成纯硅MCM-41基础上,经过两步后合成处理,在纯硅MCM-41上接枝苄基磺酸,并通过X射线衍射、低温氮气吸附、红外光谱、元素分析、热重分析和酸度滴定,对所得样品进行了表征。结果表明,经过苯甲醇、氯磺酸两步接枝处理,苄基及磺酸成功地接入MCM-41上,并保持MCM-41的介孔结构,接枝后的磺酸型MCM-41比表面积和孔容均减小,分别为 976 m2·g-1和0.42 cm3·g-1,酸量为4.2 mmol·g-1。  相似文献
5.
ZSM-5 zeolites with SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio of 24 were treated in 0.05 M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution at 325 K in different periods. The samples were characterized by means of nitrogen adsorption at 77 K, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Analysis of the experimental results showed that the alkaline treatment periods have influence on the developments and structures of mesopores in the alkaline-treated ZSM-5 zeolites. Alkaline treatment initially develops mesopores mainly from the boundary portion of MFI zeolites to the bulk, while prolonged treatment destroys the mesopores, and an optimum mesoporosity is obtained by the treatment for 1.5 h. On the other hand, crystallinities and short-range order in alkaline treated zeolites have remained virtually unchanged according to the examination from X-ray diffractometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.  相似文献
6.
This work reports two-step synthesis of novel ordered mesoporous silicas (OMS), which contain mercury-specific multifunctional ligand and have high surface area and well-developed porosity. One pot co-condensation synthesis was employed to introduce chloropropyl functionality on the mesopore walls of hexagonally ordered silica. In the next step, 2,5-dimercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole was reacted with chloropropyl groups during template-displacement process, which resulted in high affinity adsorbent towards mercury ions. The maximum adsorption capacity of this adsorbent for mercury ions from aqueous solutions was as high as 1.7 g/g, which is about three times higher than the concentration of surface ligand. This study shows that the surface properties of OMS can be tailored by proper choice of chemical modification method, which affects the ligand bonding density and determines the adsorbent capacity and affinity towards heavy metal ions. Three methods, one-pot synthesis, template-displacement and post-synthesis modification, were used for the introduction of surface ligands into MCM41 and SBA15 mesostructures to prepare mercury-specific adsorbents. In addition, adsorption properties of these adsorbents as well as their effectiveness for mercury removal from aqueous solutions were comparatively studied.  相似文献
7.
This paper reports preparation, characterization of amine modified mesoporous crystalline MCM-41 and its application in Knoevenagel condensation reaction. Amine modified MCM-41 was prepared by co-condensation and post-synthesis methods. The samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier-transfer infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), scanning electron micrograph (SEM), 29Si magic-angle spinning (MAS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), nitrogen adsorption–desorption and CHN analysis. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the modified materials retain the standard MCM-41 structure. SEM study exhibits that the arrangement of particles for 12.8% amine modified MCM-41 is well ordered and spherical in nature. CHN analysis supports that complete hydrolysis of ethoxy groups take place in 12.8% amine modified sample. From the NMR study it is confirmed that the surface coverage is 40% in 12.8% amine modified sample. The base catalytic activity of hybrid MCM-41 materials such as amine (post-synthesis and co-condensation methods) and surfactant functionalized materials for condensation reaction between benzaldehyde and diethyl malonate in solvent free, room temperature synthesis of cinnamic acid was evaluated and correlated with the surface and textural properties. Sample containing 12.8 wt% amine loaded by co-condensation method showed highest malonic ester conversion (92%) and selectivity (98%) for cinnamic acid.  相似文献
8.
在保持原有"层-柱"MOF[Zn4(bpta)2(dipytz)2(H2O)2]·4DMF·H2O (1)(H4bpta=2,2'',6,6''-联苯四羧酸,dipytz=3,6-二(4-吡啶基)-1,2,4,5-四嗪)主体结构不变的情况下,通过dipytz配体中四嗪环的原位水解反应将极性的二芳酰基联氨基团引入框架,成功构筑出配合物[Zn4(bpta)2(dipytzhydr2(H2O)2]·solvent (2)(dipytzhydr=1,2-二异烟酰基肼)。对配合物2的系统表征和气体吸附性质研究结果证实了功能化目标的实现:配合物2相比于配合物1展现出更高的二氧化碳吸附热(由28.8 kJ·mol-1升高至30.3 kJ·mol-1)和CO2/CH4吸附选择性。以上结果表明基于配体中四嗪基团的原位水解后修饰能够有效提高相关MOFs材料的CO2吸附性能。  相似文献
9.
钱彬彬  赵萌  常泽  卜显和 《无机化学学报》2017,33(11):2051-2059
在保持原有“层-柱”MOF,[Zn4(bpta)2(dipytz)2(H2O)2]·4DMF·H2O (1)(H4bpta=2,2'',6,6''-联苯四羧酸,dipytz=3,6-二(4-吡啶基)-1,2,4,5-四嗪)主体结构不变的情况下,通过dipytz配体中四嗪环的原位水解反应将极性的二芳酰基联氨基团引入框架,成功构筑出配合物[Zn4(bpta)2(dipytzhydr)2(H2O)2]·solvent (2)(dipytzhydr=1,2-二异烟酰基肼)。对配合物2的系统表征和气体吸附性质研究结果证实了功能化目标的实现:配合物2相比于配合物1展现出更高的二氧化碳吸附热(由28.8 kJ·mol-1升高至30.3 kJ·mol-1)和CO2/CH4吸附选择性。以上结果表明基于配体中四嗪基团的原位水解后修饰能够有效提高相关MOFs材料的CO2吸附性能。  相似文献
10.
采用十六烷基三甲基溴化铵(CTAB)为模板剂,四乙氧基硅烷(正硅酸乙酯,TEOS)为硅源,硝酸为催化剂来制备介孔SiO2,并采用后嫁接法对介孔SiO2进行氨基化改性。利用红外光谱(IR),X射线粉末衍射(XRD),差热-热重分析(DTA-TG),扫描电镜(SEM),元素分析,微电泳法及N2吸附-脱附方法对改性前后的产物进行表征。结果表明氨基已成功嫁接到介孔SiO2孔道中,改性后的介孔SiO2有序度有所下降,但仍为介孔材料;改性之后介孔材料的孔径、比表面积、孔体积均变小。等电点由原来的2.74变为4.75。本文还以氨基修饰的介孔SiO2为载体,通过交联剂戊二醛固定诺维信(Novozymes)工业级漆酶,并采用正交设计法对固定化条件进行了优化。研究表明漆酶经固定化后,其操作稳定性比游离酶高。  相似文献
设为首页 | 免责声明 | 关于勤云 | 加入收藏

Copyright©北京勤云科技发展有限公司  京ICP备09084417号