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1.
吴红丽  张伟  宫声凯 《化学学报》2008,66(14):1669-1675
采用第一原理方法, 研究了Nb元素对TiAl金属间化合物电子结构及其对Ti, Al和O原子键合作用的影响. 研究结果表明, Nb元素对富Ti和富Al的TiAl金属间化合物体系电子结构及键合作用的影响不同. 对于富Ti的TiAl金属间化合物体系, Nb原子取代Ti晶格位置后, 减小了Ti费米能级处的电子密度, 削弱了Ti原子与O原子间的相互作用; 同时增强了Al原子中s电子和O原子中p电子的相互作用. 而Nb原子对富Al的TiAl金属间化合物体系中Ti/Al与O的相互作用影响较小. 同时, 向TiAl金属间化合物中掺杂Nb元素, 增大了TiO2的生成能垒, 减小了Al2O3的生成能垒, 有利于促进抗氧化膜Al2O3的生成. 因此, 添加合金化元素Nb有利于提高TiAl金属间化合物的抗氧化性能, 这与实验报道相一致.  相似文献
2.
α-SrMnO3电子结构的第一性原理研究   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
采用平面波赝势方法对钙钛矿型锰酸盐氧化合物α-SrMnO3的电子结构进行了第一性原理研究. 六方钙钛矿型结构α-SrMnO3化合物为磁性绝缘体, 磁基态对应于共面八面体及共顶点八面体间的磁性交换作用均为反铁磁性(AFM), 其禁带宽度为1.6 eV; 费米能级附近的Mn3d态与O2p态存在很强的杂化作用, 属于共价绝缘体, 这种强共价性使得Mn4+的自旋磁矩偏离理想值. 采用Noodleman的对称性破缺方法, 根据α-SrMnO3不同磁有序态的总能量拟合出α-SrMnO3中的自旋交换耦合常数. α-SrMnO3的局部微结构(Mn—O—Mn)决定了整个体系的特殊磁性交换作用. 共面及共顶点的八面体间均存在AFM交换作用, 并且共顶点八面体间的AFM作用比较强.  相似文献
3.
采用密度泛函理论(DFT)平面波赝势方法计算了N/F掺杂和N-F双掺杂锐钛矿相TiO2(101)表面的电子结构.由于DFT方法存在对过渡金属氧化物带隙能的计算结果总是与实际值严重偏离的缺陷,本文也采用DFT+U(Hubbard系数)方法对模型的电子结构进行了计算.DFT的计算结果表明N掺杂后,N2p轨道与O 2p和Ti 3d价带轨道的混合会导致TiO2带隙能的降低,而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入对材料的电子结构没有明显的影响.DFT+U的计算却给出截然不间的结果,N掺杂并没有导致带隙能的降低,而只是在带隙中引入一个孤立的杂质能级,反而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入带来明显的带隙能降低.DFT+U的计算结果与一些实验测量结果能够较好地符合.  相似文献
4.
采用密度泛函理论(DFT)平面波赝势方法计算了N/F掺杂和N-F双掺杂锐钛矿相TiO2(101)表面的电子结构. 由于DFT方法存在对过渡金属氧化物带隙能的计算结果总是与实际值严重偏离的缺陷, 本文也采用DFT+U(Hubbard 系数)方法对模型的电子结构进行了计算. DFT的计算结果表明N掺杂后, N 2p轨道与O 2p和Ti 3d价带轨道的混合会导致TiO2带隙能的降低, 而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入对材料的电子结构没有明显的影响. DFT+U的计算却给出截然不同的结果, N掺杂并没有导致带隙能的降低, 而只是在带隙中引入一个孤立的杂质能级, 反而F掺杂以及氧空位的引入带来明显的带隙能降低. DFT+U的计算结果与一些实验测量结果能够较好地符合.  相似文献
5.
We review a direct dynamics method for the simulation of metal|water interfaces. The occupancy of on-top binding sites for water in this model as applied to a (100) surface of ‘copper' is very sensitive to potential. We suggest that this may account for some previously unexplained features of X-ray data on water structure and noble metal|water interfaces. We discuss the problem of statistical fluctuations on the occupancy of such tightly bound water molecules in such simulations. Though the problem is not too serious for charged interfaces, the problem of accounting for fluctuations at zero charge can be quite formidable, as we illustrate for the (100) surface of copper.  相似文献
6.
The structural and magnetic properties of a new ternary Ir-Mn-Ge phase, Mn3IrGe, as well as the solid solution Mn3Ir(Si1−xGex), 0?x?1, have been investigated by means of X-ray and neutron powder diffraction, magnetization measurements and first principles calculations. The crystal structure is cubic, of the AlAu4-type (an ordered form of the β-Mn structure), Z=4, space group P213, and the unit-cell dimension varies linearly with the silicon content. For all compositions, antiferromagnetic ordering is found below a critical temperature of about 225 K. The magnetic structure is noncollinear, as a result of frustrated magnetic interactions on a triangular network of Mn atoms, on which the moments rotate 120° around the triangle axes. The magnitude of the magnetic moment at 10 K is 3.39(4) μB for Mn3IrGe. The theoretical calculations reproduce with very good accuracy the magnitudes as well as the directions of the experimentally observed magnetic moments.  相似文献
7.
Solid acid-base properties of methylsiloxane-based inorganic/organic hybrids were controlled by incorporation of inorganic components other than Si into methylsiloxane networks. The effect of different inorganic components on the solid acid-base properties was estimated by first-principles calculations based on density functional theory (DFT). The deprotonation tends to occur in the order Si < Al < Nb inorganic components, suggesting that the acidity increases in the same order. Methylsiloxane-based hybrids with solid acid-base properties were also synthesized by incorporating inorganic components derived from metal alkoxides. Hammett indicators revealed that the solid acidity increased in the order Si < Al < Nb inorganic components, which was consistent with the results of first-principles calculations. Preliminary experiments revealed that the methylsiloxane-based hybrids also provided a solid basic nature by containing Ca and Y inorganic components derived from metal alkoxides. The acidic hybrids were found to have Brønsted acid sites from the FT-IR experiments of adsorbed pyridine on the hybrids.  相似文献
8.
Atomic and bond properties of silicon atoms in the buckled π-bonded chain reconstructed Si(111)(2 × 1) system were investigated by applying the quantum theory of atoms in molecules to a number of wavefunctions from periodic ab initio calculations using a slab model for the surface and geometries from experiment. Reconstruction involves much larger surface-cell charge distortions than in the unrelaxed surface and drastic changes in the atomic polarizations of the surface layer atoms. The effect of buckling is to largely differentiate the properties (charge, energy, volume, atomic polarizations) of the two unique atoms of each surface layer. The direction of electronic charge transfer in the topmost chain (from the “up” to the “down” atom) was found to be opposite to what was claimed previously. The π conjugation is not strictly localized along the topmost layer chains (where it is also largely incomplete), but rather it extends over a 2D array of bonds between the topmost and the lower surface layers. Received: 19 July 2000 / Accepted: 2 October 2000 / Published online: 23 January 2001  相似文献
9.
采用第一性原理的密度泛函方法,研究了利用表面修饰来调制GaAs纳米线的电子结构. 在计算中考虑了几种不同的表面钝化材料(H、F、Cl、Br 和I)对GaAs纳米线电子结构的影响. 计算结果表明,不同的原子修饰GaAs 纳米线时对其能带结构的调制主要取决于它们对纳米线表面态的饱和能力. 表面修饰不仅可以调节GaAs纳米线的能隙大小,而且也可以调制其能隙类型. GaAs纳米线的电子结构由表面效应和量子限制效应共同来决定. 使用不同材料修饰表面的GaAs纳米线的能隙随直径的变化幅度并不相同. 表面修饰为实现同种直径和同种结构的GaAs纳米线的能带工程提供了一种新的途径.  相似文献
10.
The toxic gases,such as CO and NO,are highly dangerous to human health and even cause the death of person and animals in a tiny amount.Therefore,it is very necessary to develop the toxic gas sensors that can instantly monitor these gases.In this work,we have used the first-principles calculations to investigate adsorption of gases on defective graphene nanosheets to seek a suitable material for CO sensing.Result indicates that the vancancy graphene can not selectivly sense CO from air,because O2 in air would disturb the sensing signals of graphene for CO,while the nitrogen-doped graphene is an excellent candidate for selectivly sensing CO from air,because only CO can be chemisorbed on the pyridinic-like N-doped graphene accompanying with a large charge transfer,which can serve as a useful electronic signal for CO sensing.Even in the environment with NO,the N-doped graphene can also detect CO selectively.Therefore,the N-doped graphene is an excellent material for selectively sensing CO,which provides useful information for the design and fabrication of the CO sensors.  相似文献
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