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A novelty approach to self-assembling stereocomplex micelles by enantiomeric PLA–PEG block copolymers as a drug delivery carrier was described. The particles were encapsulated by enantiomeric PLA–PEG stereocomplex to form nanoscale micelles different from the microspheres or the single micelles by PLLA or PDLA in the reported literatures. First, the block copolymers of enantiomeric poly(l-lactide)–poly(ethylene–glycol) (PLLA–PEG) and poly(D-lactide)–poly(ethylene–glycol) (PDLA–PEG) were synthesized by the ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide and d-lactide in the presence of monomethoxy PEG, respectively. Second, the stereocomplex block copolymer micelles were obtained by the self-assembly of the equimolar mixtures of enantiomeric PLA–PEG copolymers in water. These micelles possessed partially the crystallized hydrophobic cores with the critical micelle concentrations (cmc) in the range of 0.8–4.8 mg/l and the mean hydrodynamic diameters ranging from 40 to 120 nm. The micelle sizes and cmc values obviously depended on the hydrophobic block PLA content in the copolymer. Compared with the single PLLA–PEG or PDLA–PEG micelles, the cmc values of the stereocomplex micelles became lower and the sizes of the stereocomplex micelles formed smaller. And lastly, the stereocomplex micelles encapsulated with rifampin were tested for the controlled release application. The rifampin loading capacity and encapsulation efficiency by the stereocomplex micelles were higher than those by the single polymer micelles, respectively. The drug release time in vitro was depending on the composites of the block copolymers and also could be controlled by the polymer molecular weight and the morphology of the polymer micelles.  相似文献
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Copper is an essential trace element for the proper functioning of organ and metabolic process in humans. However, both its excess and deficiency in the body can result in adverse health effects. A BODIPY containing 2,2′-bipyridyl group was synthesized and used as a fluorescent chemodosimeter for selective Cu2+ detection in mild condition. This BODIPY shows fast response (~1 min) and high sensitivity for Cu2+ in aqueous solution due to the photoinduced electron transfer from the excited state of fluorophore to the bipyridyl unit complexed to Cu2+. The fluorescence quenching mechanism revealed by MALDI-TOF Mass spectra showed one Cu2+ could coordinate with two BODIPY molecules, and this coordination is reversible. This simple BODIPY dyes also could be used for sensing the Cu2+ in living cell. This work contributes to extend the potential applications of BODIPY to the biological and environmental areas.  相似文献
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