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Large-scale outdoor field measurements were carried out on a residential building to assess the noise levels caused by pass-by trains that run on a nearby viaduct. The experimental results were compared with different schemes for predicting noise from trains. The octave band sound power levels of the train passing by, which are required as input parameters for the Nordic prediction method for train noise (NMT), CSTB 92 and ISO 9613-2 provided in the Mithra software, were determined by an inversion method. The method of calculation of railway noise (CRN) from the UK gives the best agreement with the measured results. The NMT prediction scheme also provides a good prediction of the general trend of the experimental data, but it always overestimates the measured noise levels. As far as the quantitative agreement with experimental data is concerned, the CSTB 92 and ISO 9613-2 prediction schemes are comparatively less satisfactory.  相似文献
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This study explores the noise reducing effect of a balcony and describes the development of a simple theory pertaining to the propagation of traffic noise from a road into a balcony. A new methodology is proposed that is based on the well-known prediction scheme—“Calculation of Road Traffic Noise” (CRTN)—developed in the UK. A geometrical ray theory is developed for the prediction of noise levels inside a balcony due to road traffic. The source level of road traffic noise is obtained as per the standard CRTN methodology. However, road sub-segmentations and new approaches for the prediction of noise levels at illuminated and shadow zones inside a balcony are proposed. Field measurements have been conducted on four different types of balcony to validate the proposed methodology. The insertion loss, defined as the difference in the noise levels with and without the presence of a balcony, has been used to assess the shielding effectiveness of a balcony against road traffic noise. The simple theory is validated by outdoor field measurements. It is also found that a properly designed balcony can provide considerable screening effects in protecting dwellings against road traffic noise.  相似文献
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