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1.
Li MJ  Nolan DA 《Optics letters》1998,23(21):1659-1661
Using coupled-mode theory, we develop a theoretical model to analyze the effects of fiber spin profiles on polarization mode dispersion (PMD). Constant, sinusoidal, and frequency-modulated spin profiles are examined, and phase-matching conditions are analyzed. Our analysis shows that PMD can be reduced effectively by use of frequency-modulated spin profiles.  相似文献
2.
Multifocus image fusion aims at overcoming imaging cameras's finite depth of field by combining information from multiple images with the same scene. For the fusion problem of the multifocus image of the same scene, a novel algorithm is proposed based on multiscale products of the lifting stationary wavelet transform (LSWT) and the improved pulse coupled neural network (PCNN), where the linking strength of each neuron can be chosen adaptively. In order to select the coefficients of the fused image properly with the source multifocus images in a noisy environment, the selection principles of the low frequency subband coefficients and bandpass subband coefficients are discussed, respectively. For choosing the low frequency subband coefficients, a new sum modified-Laplacian (NSML) of the low frequency subband, which can effectively represent the salient features and sharp boundaries of the image in the LSWT domain, is an input to motivate the PCNN neurons; when choosing the high frequency subband coefficients, a novel local neighborhood sum of Laplacian of multiscale products is developed and taken as one type of feature of high frequency to motivate the PCNN neurons. The coefficients in the LSWT domain with large firing times are selected as coefficients of the fused image. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed fusion approach outperforms the traditional discrete wavelet transform (DWT)-based, LSWT-based and LSWT-PCNN-based image fusion methods even though the source image is in a noisy environment in terms of both visual quality and objective evaluation.  相似文献
3.
An anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membrane can be used as a template for the synthesis of nanostructures. In this paper, we have fabricated poly(2,5-diethoxyphenylene) (EtO-PPP) nanofibril arrays by oxidative coupling polymerization of 1,4-diethoxybenzene (DEB) within the pores of an AAO template. The detailed molecular structure of the polymer nanofibrils was characterized by using the infrared spectrum and the 1H-NMR spectrum. We have used transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and atomic force microscopy to confirm the morphologies and images of the template and the fabricated nanometer scale of poly(2,5-diethoxyphenylene)nanofibril arrays. The experimental results demonstrate that the pores of the AAO membrane are regular and uniform, and parallel to each other. Furthermore, the EtO-PPP chains in the narrowest template-synthesized fibrils were oriented parallel to the pore axes of the AAO membrane, and perpendicular to the surface of the aluminum substrate. The polymer chain orientation is partially responsible for the enhanced conductivity. The ultraviolet absorption maximum shows that the polymer contains a better extended π-conjugation system along the poly(p-phenylene) backbone, which results in a longer-wavelength shift of the absorption band. The photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of nanofibril arrays exhibits a 5-nm blue shift of the emission in comparison with the unordered molecules. Received: 3 January 2002 / Accepted: 7 January 2002 / Published online: 17 December 2002 RID="*" ID="*"Corresponding author. Fax: +86-931/891-1100, E-mail: lihl@lzu.edu.cn  相似文献
4.
Li MJ  Evans AF  Allen DW  Nolan DA 《Optics letters》1999,24(19):1325-1327
Using the coupled-mode theory, we have developed a theoretical model to analyze the effects of lateral load and external twist on polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) of spun and unspun fibers. Modeling results show that spun and unspun fibers have very different PMD responses to lateral load and external twist. Experimental results show good agreement with the theory.  相似文献
5.
Liao CK  Li ML  Li PC 《Optics letters》2004,29(21):2506-2508
Optoacoustic imaging takes advantage of high optical contrast and low acoustic scattering and has found several biomedical applications. In the common backward mode a laser beam illuminates the image object, and an acoustic transducer located on the same side as the laser beam detects the optoacoustic signal produced by thermoelastic effects. A cross-sectional image is formed by laterally scanning the laser beam and the transducer. Although the laser beam width is generally narrow to provide good lateral resolution, strong optical scattering in tissue broadens the optical illumination pattern and thus degrades the lateral resolution. To solve this problem, a combination of the synthetic aperture focusing technique with coherence weighting is proposed. This method synthesizes a large aperture by summing properly delayed signals received at different positions. The focusing quality is further improved by using the signal coherence as an image quality index. A phantom comprising hair threads in a 1% milk solution was imaged with an optoacoustic imaging system. The results show that the proposed technique improved lateral resolution by 400-800% and the signal-to-noise ratio by 7-23 dB over conventional techniques.  相似文献
6.
Fabrication of bamboo-shaped GaN nanorods   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
Bamboo-shaped GaN nanorods were formed through a simple sublimation method. They were characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and selected-area electron diffraction (SAED). The TEM image showed that the nanorods were bamboo-like. XRD, HRTEM and SAED patterns indicated that the nanorods were single-crystal wurtzite GaN. Received: 8 January 2001 / Accepted: 28 April 2001 / Published online: 20 December 2001  相似文献
7.
The decay characteristics of three-dimensional (3D) islands formed on surfaces are investigated theoretically considering two types of interlayer mass transport mechanisms. If an adatom on a given layer can easily descend from any site along the periphery of the layer, an optimal island slope and a constant terrace width will be selected during the decay. In contrast, if the adatom can descend primarily through selective (such as kinked) sites, the decay will be accompanied by a gradual increase in the island slope. These generic conclusions provide the basis for a microscopic understanding of the decay of nanostructures in fcc(111) and fcc(100) metal homoepitaxy and are applicable to other systems as well.  相似文献
8.
The anharmonic potential felt by a single-species ions confined in a rf quadrupole trap which results from a non-ideal trap configuration and the charge distribution of the ion cloud is studied. The rf resonance-absorption spectra are explained by a Duffing oscillator and a representation of the line-shape parameter is derived. For > 0.77, the electric signals will exhibit hysteresis. The relation with the anharmonic potential is discussed.  相似文献
9.
Electroless Ni-P and Ni-Co-P deposits were obtained on Al substrate. Their surface morphology, microstructure and composition were analyzed using SEM and XRD. Their corrosion resistance was characterized by anodic polarization curves. Based on the measurement of the thickness, electrical conductivity and magnetic conductivity of the deposits, their electromagnetic shielding effect values were calculated and the influence of cobalt on the corrosion and electromagnetic shielding properties of Ni-Co-P deposits was revealed. The results showed that cobalt improved the corrosion resistance and greatly enhanced the electromagnetic shielding property of Ni-Co-P deposits. Electroless Ni-Co-P deposits on Al substrate would impart the product with high corrosion resistance, good electromagnetic shielding effect and light weight.  相似文献
10.
When a photo-diode is illuminated by a pulse train from a femtosecond laser, it generates microwaves components at the harmonics of the repetition rate within its bandwidth. The phase of these components (relative to the optical pulse train) is known to be dependent on the optical energy per pulse. We present an experimental study of this dependence in InGaAs pin photo-diodes illuminated with ultra-short pulses generated by an Erbium-doped fiber based femtosecond laser. The energy to phase dependence is measured over a large range of impinging pulse energies near and above saturation for two typical detectors, commonly used in optical frequency metrology with femtosecond laser based optical frequency combs. When scanning the optical pulse energy, the coefficient which relates phase variations to energy variations is found to alternate between positive and negative values, with many (for high harmonics of the repetition rate) vanishing points. By operating the system near one of these vanishing points, the typical amplitude noise level of commercial-core fiber-based femtosecond lasers is sufficiently low to generate state-of-the-art ultra-low phase noise microwave signals, virtually immune to amplitude to phase conversion related noise.  相似文献
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