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Removing very fine particles in the 0.01-1 micro m range generated in diesel combustion is important for air pollution abatement because of the impact such particles have on the environment. By forming larger particles, acoustic agglomeration of submicron particles is presented as a promising process for enhancing the efficiency of the current filtration systems for particle removal. Nevertheless, some authors have pointed out that acoustic agglomeration is much more efficient for larger particles than for smaller particles. This paper studies the effect of humidity on the acoustic agglomeration of diesel exhausts particles in the nanometer size range at 21 kHz. For the agglomeration tests, the experimental facility basically consists of a pilot scale plant with a diesel engine, an ultrasonic agglomeration chamber a dilution system, a nozzle atomizer, and an aerosol sampling and measuring station. The effect of the ultrasonic treatment, generated by a linear array of four high-power stepped-plate transducers on fumes at flow rates of 900 Nm(3)/h, was a small reduction in the number concentration of particles at the outlet of the chamber. However, the presence of humidity raised the agglomeration rate by decreasing the number particle concentration by up to 56%. A numerical study of the agglomeration process as a linear combination of the orthokinetic and hydrodynamic agglomeration coefficients resulting from mutual radiation pressure also found that acoustic agglomeration was enhanced by humidity. Both results confirm the benefit of using high-power ultrasound together with humidity to enhance the agglomeration of particles much smaller than 1 micro m.  相似文献
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This paper deals with the study of the velocity and the attenuation of an acoustic wave propagating inside a cylindrical elastic tube filled with a viscous liquid. A theory describing the propagation of the axisymmetrical modes in such waveguides is presented, with special attention given to the absorption produced by the viscous mechanisms in the liquid. One of these mechanisms is related to the momentum transfer between the compression and rarefaction regions of a propagating wave. The other viscous mechanism is due to the momentum transport inside the viscous boundary layer, close to the tube wall. Numerical calculations were carried out to investigate the influence of different parameters (frequency, tube radii, viscosity coefficient) on the propagation of acoustic waves.  相似文献
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Solid-liquid separation is a topic of permanent interest in many areas such as mineral recovery, food processing and sewage disposal. The adequate application of high-intensity ultrasonic fields may contribute to improve the efficiency of conventional deliquoring processes. Deliquoring refers to removal of liquid from a product without changing its phase.Different effects are involved in the application of high-intensity ultrasound for deliquoring, the most important of which are: the alternating acoustic stresses, the radiation pressure, the acoustic streaming, interface instabilities and cavitation. One of the main advantages of the ultrasonic energy in deliquoring processes is its ability to release the strongly bound moisture.This paper deals with the application of an ultrasonic procedure for deliquoring of slurries in which a high-intensity vibration, homogeneously distributed, is directly applied to the wet particulate material. The vibration travels through the solid-liquid medium and the rapid series of alternative compressions and rarefactions produce a kind of "sponge effect" which favours the migration of moisture through natural or acoustically created channels.The obtained results show that the new technique is very promising to assist filtration processes for solid-liquid separation of highly concentrated suspensions of fine particles.  相似文献
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