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The possibility of using magic Si7 clusters to form a cluster material was studied experimentally and theoretically. In experiments Si7 clusters were deposited on carbon surfaces, and the electronic structure and chemical properties of the deposited clusters were measured using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). A non bulk-like electronic structure of Si7 was found in the Si 2p core level spectra. Si7 is suggested to form a more stable structure than the non-magic Si8 cluster and Si atoms upon deposition on carbon surfaces. Theoretically it was possible to study the interaction between the clusters without the effect of a surface. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of potential curves of two free Si7 clusters approaching each other in various orientations hint at the formation of cluster materials rather than the fusion of clusters forming bulk-like structures.  相似文献
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Ag cluster anions consisting of 3–16 atoms were deposited on sputter-damaged HOPG surfaces using a soft-landing technique (mean deposition energy less than 0.2 eV/atom) at room temperature. For investigations of the structures of deposited clusters, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) were used. In addition, the chemical properties of deposited clusters were studied using atomic oxygen and CO. Comparison of the properties of deposited Ag clusters and Ag islands with similar sizes grown by evaporating Ag atoms on the same substrate shows different results, implying that two different preparation methods give either different shapes of Ag clusters and islands, or dissimilar metal–support interactions. PACS 73.22.-f  相似文献
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