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温度和电流对白光LED发光效率的影响   总被引:10,自引:2,他引:8  
对大功率白光LED发光效率进行了研究,得出温度和电流对LED发光效率的影响:随着温度的升高,势阱中辐射复合几率降低,从而降低了发光效率;电流的升高,使更多的非平衡载流子穿过势垒,降低了发光效率。LED工作时,过高的工作温度或者过大的工作电流都会产生明显的光衰:如果LED工作温度超过芯片的承载温度,这将会使LED的发光效率快速降低,产生明显的光衰,并且对LED造成永久性破坏;如果LED的工作电流超过芯片的饱和电流,也会使LED发光效率快速降低,产生明显的光衰。并且LED所能承载的温度与饱和电流有一定关系,散热良好的装置可以使LED工作温度相对降低些,饱和电流也可以更大,LED也就可以在相对较大的电流下工作。  相似文献
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氯化钯作基体改进剂GFAAS法测定中药材中微量铅的研究   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4  
建立了氯化钯作基体改进剂,石墨炉原子吸收测定中药材中微量铅的方法.对氯化钯用量、介质酸度、共存离子干扰及方法回收率、精密度、检出限进行了考查.氯化钯作基体改进剂对铅的改进效果优于磷酸二氢铵.方法回收率为90%~104%,精密度(RSD)<5.0%,特征质量为8.5 pg,检出限为0.066 mg·kg-1.方法简单、灵敏、准确、可靠,值得推广.  相似文献
3.
色坐标对白光LED光通量的影响   总被引:4,自引:1,他引:3  
研究了在蓝光芯片加黄色荧光粉制备白光LED方法中,色坐标位置对光通量的影响。在同样蓝光功率条件下,我们对标准白光点(色坐标x=0.33±0.05,y=0.33±0.05)附近不同色坐标位置的光通量进行了计算。假设(0.325,0.332)位置流明效率为100 lm/W,计算得出,最大光通量对应的色坐标位置为(0.35,0.38),光通量为112 lm;最小光通量对应的色坐标位置为(0.29,0.28),光通量为93.5 lm。相对于100 lm的变化幅度达到18.5%。通过与实验数据的对比和分析,进一步验证了白光LED光通量随色坐标增大而增加的这一趋势。  相似文献
4.
白光LED极限流明效率的计算   总被引:3,自引:2,他引:1  
对蓝光芯片加黄色荧光粉制备白光LED方法的流明效率进行了理论计算。根据光度学原理,我们考虑到视觉函数V(λ)的修正,以色坐标为x=0.325,y=0.332,显色指数为81.5,色温为5 914 K的白光LED发光光谱为依据,计算了白光LED流明效率的理论极限:得出每瓦白光LED辐射光功率产生的光通量为298.7 lm,白光LED发射的总光子数为2.7×1018。在理想情况下,注入一个电子-孔穴对产生一个蓝光光子,设荧光粉的量子效率为1,因此,注入的电子-孔穴对数亦等于白光光子数,进而计算出白光LED每辐射1 W的光功率所需的电功率为1.51 W,上述白光LED发光光谱对应的白光LED的电-光转换的理论极限流明效率为197.8 lm/W。  相似文献
5.
白光LED荧光粉涂敷工艺及光学性质   总被引:2,自引:2,他引:0  
在20mA电流下,对自行设计的白光LED进行测试,发现荧光粉远离芯片封装方法与传统封装方法相比,流明效率提高了20.3%。效率的提高主要是因为减小了LED芯片对荧光粉散射的吸收。同时测得随着正向电流的增加,色坐标x,y的值逐渐减小,色温升高,而光通量呈非线性增加,流明效率逐渐下降。  相似文献
6.
在研制传统的YAG:Ce3 荧光粉过程中引入NH4F作为助熔剂,BaF2和MgF2作为电荷补偿剂,使得荧光粉的性能得到有效的改善。助熔剂的引入使YAG:Ce3 荧光粉的合成温度由原来的1600℃降低到1340℃左右,这对于降低生产成本有着十分重要的意义。引入BaF2和MgF2作为电荷补偿剂,荧光粉的发光强度得到有效的提高。尤其是引入MgF2后,光致发光强度提高了42%。从XRD谱可以看出,Mg和Ba进入晶格取代了Y。通过对晶格常数的计算,发现Mg的引入可以部分补偿Ce3 掺杂带来的晶格增大。同时电荷补偿剂的引入使荧光粉达到电荷平衡:2AYYx→2Mg′Y→VO¨、2YYx→2Ba′Y V¨O减少了烧制过程中产生的氧空位缺陷的影响,从而减少了由于氧空位带来的无辐射跃迁。另外,以杂质离子的半径和原子的电负性为出发点,对发射光谱的峰位相对移动作了定性的解释。  相似文献
7.
Single-photon emission computerized tomography and positron emission tomography are essential medical imaging tools, for which the sampling angle number and scan time should be carefully chosen to give a good compromise between image quality and radiopharmaceutical dose. In this study, the image quality of different acquisition protocols was evaluated via varied angle number and count number per angle with Monte Carlo simulation data. It was shown that, when similar imaging counts were used, the factor of acquisition counts was more important than that of the sampling number in emission computerized tomography. To further reduce the activity requirement and the scan duration, an iterative image reconstruction algorithm for limited-view and low-dose tomography based on compressed sensing theory has been developed. The total variation regulation was added to the reconstruction process to improve the signal to noise Ratio and reduce artifacts caused by the limited angle sampling. Maximization of the maximum likelihood of the estimated image and the measured data and minimization of the total variation of the image are alternatively implemented. By using this advanced algorithm, the reconstruction process is able to achieve image quality matching or exceed that of normal scans with only half of the injection radiopharmaceutical dose.  相似文献
8.
Geometric calibration is critical to the accurate SPECT reconstruction. In this paper, a geometric calibration method was developed for a dedicated breast SPECT system with a tilted parallel beam (TPB) orbit. The acquisition geometry of the breast SPECT was firstly characterized. And then its projection model was established based on the acquisition geometry. Finally, the calibration results were obtained using a nonlinear optimization method that fitted the measured projections to the model. Monte Carlo data of the breast SPECT were used to verify the calibration method. Simulation results showed that the geometric parameters with reasonable accuracy could be obtained by the proposed method.  相似文献
9.
Single-photon emission computerized tomography and positron emission tomography are essential med- ical imaging tools, for which the sampling angle number and scan time should be carefully chosen to give a good compromise between image quality and radiopharmaceutical dose. In this study, the image quality of different ac- quisition protocols was evaluated via varied angle number and count number per angle with Monte Carlo simulation data. It was shown that, when similar imaging counts were used, the factor of acquisition counts was more important than that of the sampling number in emission computerized tomography. To further reduce the activity requirement and the scan duration, an iterative image reconstruction algorithm for limited-view and low-dose tomography based on compressed sensing theory has been developed. The total variation regulation was added to the reconstruction process to improve the signal to noise Ratio and reduce artifacts caused by the limited angle sampling. Maximization of the maximum likelihood of the estimated image and the measured data and minimization of the total variation of the image are alternatively implemented. By using this advanced algorithm, the reconstruction process is able to achieve image quality matching or exceed that of normal scans with only half of the injection radiopharmaceutical dose.  相似文献
10.
In this work we studied the feasibility of detecting the depth of interaction (DOI) with two layers of crystal arrays of LYSO and BGO scintillators coupled to a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PS-PMT) R8900-C12. A front-end electronics was designed, with which we got different pulse shapes for different crystals to obtain depth information. With the double integration method, we got the DOI histogram of a divided integration ratio of two crystals as the standard to determine the layer-of-interaction. The DOI accuracy, measured by scanning a 22Na slit source along the side of the module, was 98% for the LYSO layer and 95% for the BGO layer. The energy resolution at 511keV was 13.1% for LYSO and 17.1% for BGO. We obtained good crystal separation in 2D position histograms of both layers. These results could be useful in the manufacture of PET scanners with high spatial resolutions.  相似文献
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