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1.
Proton Halo or Skin in the Excited States of Light Nuclei   总被引:4,自引:0,他引:4       下载免费PDF全文
Properties of nuclei 13,15,N and 9B are investigated in the relativistic mean-field theory with NLz and NL3 force parameters.The calculated binding energies are very close to the experimental ones.The calculations show that the first excited state (1p1/2) in 9B,the first excited state (2s1/2)in 13 N and the second excited state(2s1/2) in 15N are weakly bound .In particular,for 13N and 15N,the proton density distributions in the two above excited states have a long tail and the rms radii of the last proton are greatly larger compared with their respective matter radii.It is predicted that a proton halo exists in the first excited state of 13N and in the second excited state of 15N,respectively.It also indicates that the first excited state in 9B is a proton skin state.  相似文献
2.
The structures of two couples of mirror nuclei ^17F and ^17O, ^17Ne and ^17N in the ground state and in the first excited state are investigated using the relativistic mean-field approach. Two-proton halo in ^17Ne in the first excited state and in the ground state and two-neutron halo in ^17N in the first excited state are suggested.Meanwhile, one-proton halo in ^17F in the first excited state and one-neutron halo in ^17O in the first excited state are also suggested. The skin structure appears in ^17F and ^17N in the ground state.  相似文献
3.
The Langevin equation is used to simulate the fission process of ^112Sn ^112Sn and ^116Sn ^116Sn. The mass distribution of the fission fragments are given by assuming the process of symmetric fission or asymmetric fission with the Gaussian probability sampling. The isoscaling behaviour has been observed from the analysis of fission fragments of both the reactions, and the isoscaling parameter α seems to be sensitive to the width of fission probability and the beam energy.  相似文献
4.
The isoscaling behaviour is investigated in a frame of isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics models. The isotopic yields ratio Y2/Y1 for reactions ^48Ca ^48Ca and ^40 Ca ^4oCa at different entrance channels are simulated and presented, the relationship between the isoscaling parameter and the entrance channel is analysed, the results show that a and β reduce with the rise of incident energies and increase with the impact parameter b, which can be attributed to the temperature varying of the pre-fragments in different entrance channels. The relation of a and symmetry-term coefficient Csym reveals that the chemical potential difference △μ is sensitive to thesymmetry-term coefficient Csym, and raises with the increasing Csym.  相似文献
5.
We study hard photon production in a chemically equilibrating quark-gluon plasma at finite baryon density based on the Juttner distribution of partons of the system. We find that the photon yield is a strongly increasing function of the initial quark chemical potential.  相似文献
6.
We apply a statistical-evaporation model (HIVAP) to calculate the cross sections of superheavy elements, mainly about actinide targets and compare with some available experimental data. A reaction channel ^30Si 4 ^243Am is proposed for the synthesis of the element Z=109 and the cross section is estimated.  相似文献
7.
Hanbury-Brown-Twiss (HBT) results of the nucleon-nucleon correlation function have been presented for the nuclear reactions with neutron-rich projectiles using an event-generator, i.e. the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. A good agreement of our calculation for the two-halo-neutron correlation function of  相似文献
8.
A candidate for proton halo nucleus ^23A1 is investigated based on the constrained calculations in the framework of the de[ormed relativistic mean tield (RMF) model with the NL075 parameter set. It is shown by the constrained calculations that the ground state of ^23A1 has a large deformation that corresponds to the prolate shape. With that large deformation, the non-constrained RMF calculation predicts that there appears an inversion between the 2s1/2 [211] and ld5/2 [202] shells. The valence proton of ^23A] is weakly bound and occupies 2s1/2 [211] and ld5/2 [202] with the weights of 56% and 29%, respectively. The calculated RMS radius for matter is in agreement with the experimental one. It is also predicted that the difference between the proton RMS radius and the neutron one is very large, This suggests that there exists a proton hMo in ^23Al.  相似文献
9.
The Δ-scaling method has been applied to ultra-relativistic p p,C C and Pb Pb collision data simulated using a high-energy Monte Carlo package,LUCIAE 3.0.The Δ-scaling is found to be valid for some physical variables,such as charged particle multiplicity,strange particle multiplicity and number of binary nucleon-nucleon-nucleon collisions from these simulated nucleus-nucleus collisions over an extended energy ranging from E1ab=20 to 200A GeV.In addition we derive the information entropy from the multiplicity distribution as a function of beam energy for these collisions.  相似文献
10.
We illustrate typical experimental reaction cross sections cr n which have obtained on RIBLL at Heavy Ion Research Facility of the Institute of Modern Physics (IMP) at Lanzhou. The corresponding nuclear radii are extracted from the measured experimental an using the Glauber model. Meanwhile, theoretical nuclear radii are also calculated using Relativistic density-dependent Hartree and spherical relativistic mean-field theory with Pauli blocking. For comparison, the nuclear radii of these nuclei are a/so calculated using the empirical radius format in which the deformation has been taken into account. From the given experimental and theoretical nuclear radff, we suggest that there may exist proton halo structure in 23A1, 27p and may exist proton skin structure in 24A1. We also find that the deformation plays a great role to the nuclear radii.  相似文献
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