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介绍了一种改进的反射式飞行时间质谱装置用于光解质量选择的团簇离子. 该装置中采用了\选质-减速-解离-再加速"的方式. 团簇离子在反射式飞行时间的一级聚焦点被选质,接着被减速,并且立即被光解,光解所产生的碎片以及没有被光解的母体离子被重新加速,这一系列过程都在靠近一级聚焦点的位置完成. 相对文献中报道的其他方式,采用这一方式更利于光解碎片和母体离子的分离,更容易确定光解激光的触发时间,同时,由于母体离子在一级聚焦点的空间分布比较窄,也有利于光解激光束照射到所有的团簇离子,从而提高光解效率. 对母体离子、碎  相似文献
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We investigated the structural evolution and electronic properties of ConC3-/0 and ConC4-/0 (n=1-4) clusters by using mass-selected photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations. The adiabatic and vertical detachment energies of Co1-4C3- and Co1-4C4- were obtained from their photoelectron spectra. By comparing the theoretical results with the experimental data, the global minimum structures were determined. The results indicate that the carbon atoms of ConC3-/0 and ConC4-/0 (n=1-4) are separated from each other gradually with increasing number of cobalt atoms but a C2 unit still remains at n=4. It is interesting that the Co2C3- and Co2C4- anions have planar structures whereas the neutral Co2C3 and Co2C4 have linear structures with the Co atoms at two ends. The Co3C3- anion has a planar structure with a Co2C2 four-membered ring and a Co3C four-membered ring sharing a Co-Co bond, while the neutral Co3C3 is a three-dimensional structure with a C2 unit and a C atom connecting to two faces of the Co3 triangle.  相似文献
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