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采用平面波超软赝势方法计算了锐钛矿型TiO2(101)面的表面能和表面原子弛豫结构.首先对TiO2(101)面的6种不同的表面原子终止结构的体系总能量进行了计算,结果表明终止原子为两配位的O原子、次层为五配位的Ti原子的表面结构最为稳定.针对该表面研究了表面能和原子弛豫与模型中原子层数和真空厚度的关系,当原子层数为12层,真空厚度为0.4nm时,表面能收敛度小于0.01J/m2.研究发现:表面上两配位的O原子向里移动约0.0012nm,五配  相似文献
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Zn离子注入和退火对ZnO薄膜光学性能的影响   总被引:2,自引:1,他引:1       下载免费PDF全文
 利用溶胶凝胶方法在石英玻璃衬底上制备了ZnO薄膜,将能量56 keV、剂量1×1017 cm-2的Zn离子注入到薄膜中。离子注入后,薄膜在500~900 ℃的氩气中退火,利用X射线衍射谱、光致发光谱和光吸收谱研究了离子注入和退火对ZnO薄膜结构和光学性质的影响。结果显示:衍射峰在约700 ℃退火后得到恢复;当退火温度小于600 ℃时,吸收边随着退火温度的提高发生蓝移,超过600 ℃时,吸收边随着退火温度的提高发生红移;近带边激子发光和深能级缺陷发光都随退火温度的提高而增强。  相似文献
3.
 采用溶胶凝胶法在(0001)Al2O3衬底上制备了不同掺杂原子分数的ZnO:Al薄膜,在Ar气氛中进行了600~950 ℃不同温度的退火处理,研究了掺杂原子分数和退火温度对薄膜光致发光、光吸收和透射的影响。结果显示,薄膜的紫外峰强度随掺杂原子分数和退火温度的提高而增强,与缺陷相关的绿光强度却随着掺杂原子分数和退火温度的提高而降低;薄膜光学带隙随掺杂原子分数的提高从3.21 eV增大到3.25 eV;光吸收在可见光区随着退火温度的升高而增大,在紫外区却随着退火温度的升高而减小,透射与吸收的变化规律相反;薄膜吸收边随退火温度的升高出现轻微的红移。  相似文献
4.
Solid-state electrolyte LiI(CH3OH)4-I2 is used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The DSSCs using only the LiI(CH3OH)4-I2 electrolyte show very poor performance due to the quick crystal growth of LiI(CH3OH)4. In order to improve the performance of DSSCs, we prepare a composite electrolyte by adding Si02 nano-particles and an ionic liquid, 1-methyl-3-ethylimidazolium iodide, into the original solid-state electrolyte. High efficiency of 4.3% is achieved by applying this composite electrolyte to DSSCs.  相似文献
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This paper reports that ion implantation to a dose of 1×1017 ions/cm2 was performed on c-axis-orientated ZnO thin films deposited on (0001) sapphire substrates by the sol-gel technique. After ion implantation, the as-implanted ZnO films were annealed in argon ambient at different temperatures from 600-900℃. The effects of ion implantation and post-implantation annealing on the structural and optical properties of the ZnO films were investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL). It was found that the intensities of (002) peak and near band edge (NBE) exitonic ultraviolet emission increased with increasing annealing temperature from 600-900℃. The defect related deep level emission (DLE) firstly increased with increasing annealing temperature from 600- 750℃, and then decreased quickly with increasing annealing temperature. The recovery of the intensities of NBE and DLE occurs at \sim 850℃ and \sim 750℃ respectively. The relative PL intensity ratio of NBE to DLE showed that the quality of ZnO films increased continuously with increasing annealing temperature from 600 - 900℃.  相似文献
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We report on the reversible, electrical and optical switching on silver 3-phenyl-1-ureidonitrile complex thin films. The films can switch from a high impedance state to a low impedance state with an applied electric field at the threshold of 3.5×107V/m. Furthermore, the films can be switched back to the original state by treating the samples at about 80℃. The optical recording is fulfilled using a semiconductor laser with a wavelength of 780 nm. Erasure can be accomplished by bulk heating or by the laser working with the power beneath the threshold. No loss of the organic was found in the experiments. This material may have a potential application in ultrahigh data density storage.  相似文献
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通过自行设计的可视化气泡泵实验装置,以氨水工质为研究对象,针对不同实验工况条件下的气泡泵的性能进行了实验研究。实验结果表明:气泡泵的液体流量随着提升管管径,沉浸比和加热功率有关,并且随着沉浸比和加热功率的增加而增大;沉浸比的增大而增大;气泡泵的效率也与沉浸比和加热功率有密切的关系:气泡泵的效率随着沉浸比的增加而增加,随着加热功率的增加表现为减小的趋势。  相似文献
8.
We present an analytical study on the dynamics of bright and dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates with time-varying atomic scattering length in a time-varying external parabolic potential. A set of exact soliton solutions of the one-dimensional Gross-Pitaevskii equation are obtained, including fundamental bright solitons, higher-order bright solitons, and dark solitons. The results show that the soliton's parameters (amplitude, width, and period) can be changed in a controllable manner by changing the scattering length and external potential. This may be helpful to design experiments.  相似文献
9.
高鸿钧  时东霞  薛增泉 《物理》2008,37(2):79-85
在C60-TCNQ(一种有机分子名称的缩写)和纯的TCNQ有机分子薄膜中,文章作者得到了一种形似海洋中生存的动物海马的图案结构,取名为"海马"分形结构.这种"海马"图案在旋转180度时具有近似的对称性,但是不同于简单的二维反转对称.在数学中用复变函数的多项式,通过Julia对复杂空间中函数的纯粹数学映射(即z→z2 c,其中c=-0.74543 0.1130i),也能模拟出相似的"海马"图案.对于"海马"分形,文章作者提出如下的一种形成机制,即:在薄膜形成初期过程中,中性分子或团簇中存在部分荷电粒子,由于库仑排斥作用,成核和生长过程中会形成对称性破缺,最终形成"海马"状分形."海马"的有趣图案,加深了人们对自然与科学统一的认识,激发了人们对自然本源的探索激情.  相似文献
10.
We report the preparation of p-type ZnO thin films on (0001) sapphire substrates by a combination of sol--gel and ion-implantation techniques. The results of the Hall-effect measurements carried out at room temperature indicate that the N-implanted ZnO:Al films annealed at 600\du\ have converted to p-type conduction with a hole concentration of $1.6\times1018cm-3, a hole mobility of 3.67cm2/V.s and a minimum resistivity of 4.80cm.\Omega$. Ion-beam induced damage recovery has been investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), photoluminescence (PL) and optical transmittance measurements. Results show that diffraction peaks and PL intensities are decreased by N ion implantation, but they nearly recover after annealing at 600\du. Our results demonstrate a promising approach to fabricate p-type ZnO at a low cost.  相似文献
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