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提出探测复杂力学振动系统耦合振动模式的方法:通过测量力学振动系统中某一易于探测的振动模式对外力的响应行为,在该振动模式应变落后于应力的相位差-频率谱(表观机械能耗散-频率谱)中,除了能观察到与被测量振动模式本征频率所对应的相位变化外,与被测量振动模式耦合的其他振动模式也表现为共振吸收峰;从共振吸收峰的性质,如峰位、峰宽、峰高等可以得到相应耦合振动模式的本征频率、损耗以及耦合强度等信息.以倒扭摆力学系统为例,通过测量扭摆的扭转振动模式应变落后于应力的相位差-频率谱研究了扭摆系统中摆杆的进动振动模式.  相似文献
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We report a direct measurement of the imaginary part of the surface tension of water through a dynamic scheme using a thin vertical glass fiber of diameter of 3 tun with one end glued onto a cantilever beam and the other end touching a water-air interface. The frequency dependence of the dissipation factor experienced by the glass fiber is exactly calculated through measuring the phase delay with various frequencies when the glass fiber is forced to oscillate vertically. We find the same intercept at the dissipation factor axis for different frequency dependences of the dissipation factor for different depths by which the glass fiber is dipped into water. This nonzero dissipation factor at zero frequency presents direct evidence of the existence of the imaginary part of surface tension of water and yields a complex surface tension of water σ^* = 0.073 + i(0.017 ± 0.002) N/m at room temperature.  相似文献
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