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激光辐照下皮肤组织光热响应有限元分析   总被引:7,自引:1,他引:6  
为了更好地选择临床激光医疗曝光参量,采用有限元数值计算方法,模拟了脉冲激光与连续激光对人皮肤组织的光热作用及导致的温度变化效应,比较了两者的不同,得到了热响应时间及热弛豫时间与组织深度的关系,即组织越深(0~60 μm),其热响应时间(0~4 ms)与热弛豫时间(0.4~12.1 ms)越长;分析了激光脉宽长短对组织升温的影响;建立了评价脉冲间热损失的评价函数δ,并以此对脉冲间隔的选取作了探讨.  相似文献
2.
改进偏最小二乘法在近红外牛奶成分测量中的应用   总被引:3,自引:0,他引:3  
采用NicoletNexus870红外-近红外傅里叶变换光谱仪测量了36个市售巴氏杀菌纯牛乳样品的透射光谱。在近红外光谱1254~1875nm和2045~2372nm波段内,为了选择携带信息量大的波长区域,采用改进偏最小二乘回归法,包括间隔偏最小二乘法、移动窗口偏最小二乘法和可变窗宽移动窗口偏最小二乘法对巴氏杀菌纯牛乳中脂肪、蛋白质及乳糖成分分别建立模型,进行了分析和比较,结果表明,采用改进偏最小二乘法所选出的波长区与目标值的相关程度高,可以较好地建立牛奶的预测模型。  相似文献
3.
丁海峰  黄梅珍  李振庆 《光学学报》2007,27(11):2064-2069
介绍了一种基于半导体横向光电效应的角位置敏感探测器的结构设计,采用有限元方法对该角位置敏感探测器的输出特性:线性度、角度精度及响应灵敏度,进行了模拟计算,在较大的角度范围内(如90°)进行测量,得到了很高的线性精度(小于0.04%)和角度测量精度(约20″)。分析讨论了材料电学参量及模型结构参量等因素对其测角精度的影响,通过优化选取材料及结构参量,可以使线性度(小于0.01%)及精度(小于1″)更高,能够用于高精度的角度测量。  相似文献
4.
陈勤妙  李振庆  倪一  程抒一  窦晓鸣 《中国物理 B》2012,21(3):38401-038401
The doctor-blade method is investigated for the preparation of Cu2ZnSnS4 films for low-cost solar cell application. Cu2ZnSnS4 precursor powder, the main raw material for the doctor-blade paste, is synthesized by a simple ball-milling process. The doctor-bladed Cu2ZnSnS4 films are annealed in N2 ambient under various conditions and characterized by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolent/vis spectrophotometry, scanning electron microscopy, and current-voltage (J-V) meansurement. Our experimental results indicate that (i) the X-ray diffraction peaks of the Cu2ZnSnS4 precursor powder each show a red shift of about 0.4°; (ii) the high-temperature annealing process can effectively improve the crystallinity of the doctor-bladed Cu2ZnSnS4, whereas an overlong annealing introduces defects; (iii) the band gap value of the doctor-bladed Cu2ZnSnS4 is around 1.41 eV; (iv) the short-circuit current density, the open-circuit voltage, the fill factor, and the efficiency of the best Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell obtained with the superstrate structure of fluorine-doped tin oxide glass/TiO2/In2S3/Cu2ZnSnS4/Mo are 7.82 mA/cm2, 240 mV, 0.29, and 0.55%, respectively.  相似文献
5.
The doctor-blade method is investigated for the preparation of Cu2ZnSnS4 films for low-cost solar cell application.Cu2ZnSnS4 precursor powder,the main raw material for the doctor-blade paste,is synthesized by a simple ball-milling process.The doctor-bladed Cu2ZnSnS4 films are annealed in N2 ambient under various conditions and characterized by X-ray diffraction,ultraviolent/vis spectrophotometry,scanning electron microscopy,and current-voltage(J-V) meansurement.Our experimental results indicate that(i) the X-ray diffraction peaks of the Cu2ZnSnS4 precursor powder each show a red shift of about 0.4°;(ii) the high-temperature annealing process can effectively improve the crystallinity of the doctor-bladed Cu 2 ZnSnS 4,whereas an overlong annealing introduces defects;(iii) the band gap value of the doctor-bladed Cu 2 ZnSnS 4 is around 1.41 eV;(iv) the short-circuit current density,the open-circuit voltage,the fill factor,and the efficiency of the best Cu2ZnSnS4 solar cell obtained with the superstrate structure of fluorine-doped tin oxide glass/TiO2/In2S3/Cu2ZnSnS4/Mo are 7.82 mA/cm2,240 mV,0.29,and 0.55%,respectively.  相似文献
6.
Geometric, electronic and vibrational properties of the most stable and energetically favourable configurations of indium oxide clusters InmOn (1 ≤ m, n ≤ 4) are investigated using density functional theory. The lowest energy geometries prefer the planar arrangement of the constituent atoms with a trend to maximize the number of ionic In-O bonds. Due to the charge transfer from In to O atoms, the electrostatic repulsion occurs between the atoms with the same kind of charge. The minimization of electrostatic repulsion and the maximization of In-O bond number compete between each other and determine the location of the isometric total energy. The most stable linear In-O-In-O structure of In2O2 cluster is attributed to the reduced electrostatic repulsive energy at the expense of In-O bond number, while the lowest energy rhombus-like structure of In2O3 cluster reflects the maximized number of In-O bonds. Furthermore, the vibrational frequencies of the lowest energy clusters are calculated and compared with the available experimental results. The energy gap and the charge density distribution for clusters with varying oxygen/indium ratio are also discussed.  相似文献
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