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1.
Bifurcations of heteroclinic loops   总被引:14,自引:0,他引:14  
By generalizing the Floquet method from periodic systems to systems with exponential dichotomy, a local coordinate system is established in a neighborhood of the heteroclinic loop Γ to study the bifurcation problems of homoclinic and periodic orbits. Asymptotic expressions of the bifurcation surfaces and their relative positions are given. The results obtained in literature concerned with the 1-hom bifurcation surfaces are improved and extended to the nontransversal case. Existence regions of the 1-per orbits bifurcated from Γ are described, and the uniqueness and incoexistence of the 1-hom and 1-per orbit and the inexistence of the 2-hom and 2-per orbit are also obtained. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 19771037) and the National Science Foundation of America # 9357622. This paper was completed when the first author was visiting Northwestern University.  相似文献
2.
We prove that if a symplectic diffeomorphism is not partially hyperbolic, then with an arbitrarily small perturbation we can create a totally elliptic periodic point inside any given open set. As a consequence, a -generic symplectic diffeomorphism is either partially hyperbolic or it has dense elliptic periodic points. This extends the similar results of S. Newhouse in dimension 2 and M.-C. Arnaud in dimension 4. Another interesting consequence is that stably ergodic symplectic diffeomorphisms must be partially hyperbolic, a converse to Shub-Pugh's stable ergodicity conjecture for the symplectic case.

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3.
Like the closing lemma, the connecting lemma is of fundamental importance in dynamical systems. Hayashi recently proved the connecting lemma for stable and unstable manifolds of a hyperbolic invariant set. In this paper, we prove several very general connecting lemmas. We simplify Hayashi's proof and extend the results to more general cases.

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4.
We give a simple proof of a classical result of MacMillan and Bartky (Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 34 (1932) 838) which states that, for any four positive masses and any assigned order, there is a convex planar central configuration. Moreover, we show that the central configurations we find correspond to local minima of the potential function with fixed moment of inertia. This allows us to show that there are at least six local minimum central configurations for the planar four-body problem. We also show that for any assigned order of five masses, there is at least one convex spatial central configuration of local minimum type. Our method also applies to some other cases.  相似文献
5.
We prove that if f is a partially hyperbolic diffeomorphism on the compact manifold M with one-dimensional center bundle, then the logarithm of the spectral radius of the map induced by f on the real homology groups of M is smaller or equal to the topological entropy of f. This is a particular case of the Shub's entropy conjecture, which claims that the same conclusion should be true for any C1 map on any compact manifold.  相似文献
6.
We consider hyperbolic and partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms on compact manifolds. Associated with invariant foliation of these systems, we define some topological invariants and show certain relationships between these topological invariants and the geometric and Lyapunov growths of these foliations. As an application, we show examples of systems with persistent non-absolute continuous center and weak unstable foliations. This generalizes the remarkable results of Shub and Wilkinson to cases where the center manifolds are not compact.  相似文献
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