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中国乡镇企业增长的随机前沿生产函数分析   总被引:1,自引:0,他引:1  
论文在运用中国1990-2005年间省际平衡面板数据的基础上,采用考虑非效率项的非中性技术进步随机前沿生产函数模型,分析了影响我国各省区乡镇企业增长的规模报酬、技术效率和技术进步因素。主要得出结论如下:在乡镇企业的发展过程中,资本产出弹性不断接近甚至有超过劳动产出弹性的趋势,呈现出一定的"资本深化"过程;整个规模报酬略大于1,这表明适当扩大乡镇企业经营规模存在着一定的规模经济效应;而整体平均技术效率水平逐年递增,技术进步率则逐年下降。在这些实证工作的基础上,论文还得出一些政策建议,希冀能够对实现我国乡镇企业的可持续发展有所裨益。  相似文献
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In this paper, we obtain the additive and multiplicative perturbation bounds for the Moore-Penrose inverse under the unitarily invariant norm and the Q - norm, which improve the corresponding ones in [P.Å. Wedin, Perturbation theory for pseudo-inverses, BIT 13(1973)217-232].  相似文献
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The primary challenge in supply chain management (SCM) is matching supply with uncertain demand. Risk pooling is an efficient and promising strategy to meet this challenge by reducing the underlying demand uncertainty through aggregation. The main focus of this paper is to analyze the effects of risk pooling under different supply chain settings. There are two main contributions. First, we propose a mathematical framework which serves the multi-purpose of (1) unifying existing models on risk pooling in the literature, (2) providing new facets and insights of understanding existing results on risk pooling, and (3) setting up new ground for extending existing models and results. Second; we investigate one interesting effect of risk pooling, namely, the decreasing marginal return (or supermodularity). We show that there are decreasing marginal returns in risk pooling practices under certain conditions, specifically when the demand is independent and identically distributed (I.I.D.) and normally distributed.  相似文献
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