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Project portfolio selection is one of the most important decision-making problems for most organizations in project management and engineering management. Usually project portfolio decisions are very complicated when project interactions in terms of multiple selection criteria and preference information of decision makers (DMs) in terms of the criteria importance are taken into consideration simultaneously. In order to solve this complex decision-making problem, a multi-criteria project portfolio selection problem considering project interactions in terms of multiple selection criteria and DMs?? preferences is first formulated. Then a genetic algorithm (GA)-based nonlinear integer programming (NIP) approach is used to solve the multi-criteria project portfolio selection problem. Finally, two illustrative examples are presented for demonstration and verification purposes. Experimental results obtained indicate that the GA-based NIP approach can be used as a feasible and effective solution to multi-criteria project portfolio selection problems.  相似文献
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Credit risk analysis is an active research area in financial risk management and credit scoring is one of the key analytical techniques in credit risk evaluation. In this study, a novel intelligent-agent-based fuzzy group decision making (GDM) model is proposed as an effective multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) tool for credit risk evaluation. In this proposed model, some artificial intelligent techniques, which are used as intelligent agents, are first used to analyze and evaluate the risk levels of credit applicants over a set of pre-defined criteria. Then these evaluation results, generated by different intelligent agents, are fuzzified into some fuzzy opinions on credit risk level of applicants. Finally, these fuzzification opinions are aggregated into a group consensus and meantime the fuzzy aggregated consensus is defuzzified into a crisp aggregated value to support final decision for decision-makers of credit-granting institutions. For illustration and verification purposes, a simple numerical example and three real-world credit application approval datasets are presented.  相似文献
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