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A clique-transversal set D of a graph G is a set of vertices of G such that D meets all cliques of G.The clique-transversal number,denoted by τC（G）,is the minimum cardinality of a clique-transversal set in G.In this paper,we first present a lower bound on τC（G） and characterize the extremal graphs achieving the lower bound for a connected（claw,K4）-free 4-regular graph G.Furthermore,we show that for any 2-connected（claw,K4）-free 4-regular graph G of order n,its clique-transversal number equals to [n/3].  相似文献
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A set D of vertices of a graph G = （V, E） is called a dominating set if every vertex of V not in D is adjacent to a vertex of D. In 1996, Reed proved that every graph of order n with minimum degree at least 3 has a dominating set of cardinality at most 3n/8. In this paper we generalize Reed＇s result. We show that every graph G of order n with minimum degree at least 2 has a dominating set of cardinality at most （3n ＋IV21）/8, where V2 denotes the set of vertices of degree 2 in G. As an application of the above result, we show that for k ≥ 1, the k-restricted domination number rk （G, γ） ≤ （3n＋5k）/8 for all graphs of order n with minimum degree at least 3.  相似文献
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A clique-transversal set D of a graph G is a set of vertices of G such that D meets all cliques of G. The clique-transversal number, denoted by τ c (G), is the minimum cardinality of a clique-transversal set in G. In this paper we give the exact value of the clique-transversal number for the line graph of a complete graph. Also, we give a lower bound on the clique-transversal number for 4-regular claw-free graphs and characterize the extremal graphs achieving the lower bound.  相似文献
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In this note we study the general facility location problem with connectivity. We present an O(np 2)-time algorithm for the general facility location problem with connectivity on trees. Furthermore, we present an O(np)-time algorithm for the general facility location problem with connectivity on equivalent binary trees.  相似文献
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A set D of vertices in a graph G = （V, E） is a locating-dominating set （LDS） if for every two vertices u, v of V ／ D the sets N（u） ∩D and N（v） ∩ D are non-empty and different. The locating-domination number γL（G） is the minimum cardinality of an LDS of G, and the upper-locating domination number FL（G） is the maximum cardinality of a minimal LDS of G. In the present paper, methods for determining the exact values of the upper locating-domination numbers of cycles are provided.  相似文献
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