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Acceptance sampling has been one of practical tools for quality assurance applications, which provide a general rule to the producer and the consumer for product acceptance determination. It has been shown that variables sampling plans requires less sampling compared with attributes sampling plans. Thus, variables sampling plans become more attractive and desirable especially when the required quality level is very high or the allowable fraction non-conforming is very small. This paper attempts to develop an efficient and economic sampling scheme, variables repetitive group sampling plan, by incorporating the concept of Taguchi loss function. The OC curve of the proposed plan is derived based on the exact sampling distribution and the plan parameters are determined by minimizing the average sample number with two constraints specified by the producer and the consumer. The efficiency of the proposed variables RGS is examined and also compared with the existing variables single sampling plan in terms of the sample size required for inspection. In addition, tables of the plan parameters for various combinations of entry parameters are provided and an example is presented for illustration.  相似文献
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Trade credit financing plays a vital role in current business operations. Vendors extend payment dates to encourage sales, and buyers are not required to pay immediately after receiving products. This is equivalent to receiving a price reduction. Besides, buyers reduce their need for capital from bank loans. In addition, a number of defective products are produced during the production process. The number of defective items influences the on-hand inventory levels of buyers, service levels, and frequency of orders. To ensure that the analysis incorporates a realistic production environment, we developed an integrated inventory model with a two-part trade credit and considered an imperfect production process that can be improved by capital investment. The objective was to determine the optimal ordering, shipping, and quality improvement policies to maximize joint total profit. An iterative algorithm was established to determine the optimal strategy. Furthermore, a sensitivity analysis was conducted to examine the effects of changing parameter values on the optimal solution.  相似文献
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In this article, a variables sampling inspection plan for resubmitted lot based on the process capability index Cpk is developed for normally distributed items with unknown mean and variance. The three plan parameters, sample size n, critical acceptance value ka and the number of resubmissions m, are determined simultaneously by minimizing average sample number (ASN) with two conditions specified by the producer and the consumer. The advantages of the proposed resubmitted sampling plan over the variables single sampling plan are also discussed. Tables of plan parameters for selected values of acceptable quality level (AQL), limiting quality level (LQL), producer’s α-risk and consumer’s β-risk are provided and discussed with the help of an application example.  相似文献
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This paper attempts to develop a sampling inspection scheme by variables based on process performance index for product acceptance determination, which examines the situation where resampling is permitted on lots not accepted on original inspection. The equations for plan parameters, the required sample size and the corresponding critical value, are derived based on the exact sampling distribution rather than an approximation approach hence the decisions made are more accurate and reliable. Moreover, the efficiency of the proposed variables resubmitted sampling plan is evaluated and compared with the existing variables single sampling plan. For illustrative purpose, an example is presented to demonstrate the use of the derived results for making a decision on product acceptance determination.  相似文献
5.
Over the years, numerous process capability indices (PCIs) have been proposed to the manufacturing industry to provide numerical measures of process performance. Most research efforts have focused on developing and investigating PCIs that assess process capability by precise measurements of output quality. However, real observations of continuous quantities are not precise numbers; in practice, they are more or less imprecise. Since observations of continuous random variables are imprecise the values of related test statistics become imprecise. Therefore, decision rules for statistical tests have to be adapted to this situation. This article presents a set of confidence intervals that produces triangular fuzzy numbers for the estimation of Cpk index using Buckley’s approach with some modification. Additionally, a three-decision testing rule and step-by-step procedure are developed to assess process performance based on fuzzy critical values and fuzzy p-values. This concept is also illustrated with an example for testing process performance.  相似文献
6.
Process capability indices (PCIs) have been widely used to measure the actual process information with respect to the manufacturing specifications, and become the common language for process quality between the customer and the supplier. Most of existing research works for capability testing are based on the traditional frequentist point of view and statistical properties of the estimated PCIs are derived based on the assumption of one single sample. In this paper, we consider the problem of estimating and testing process capability using Bayesian approach based on subsamples collected over time from an in-control process. The posterior probability and the credible interval for the most popular index CpkCpk under a non-informative prior are derived. The manufacturers can use the presented approach to perform capability testing and determine whether their processes are capable of reproducing product items satisfying customers’ stringent quality requirements when a daily-based or weekly-based production control plan is implemented for monitoring process stability.  相似文献
7.
Process capability indices are useful management tools, particularly in the manufacturing industry, which provide common quantitative measures on manufacturing capability and production quality. Most supplier certification manuals include a discussion of process capability analysis and describe the recommended procedure for computing a process capability index. Acceptance sampling plans have been one of the most practical tools used in classical quality control applications. It provides both vendors and buyers to reserve their own rights by compromising on a rule to judge a batch of products. Both sides may set their own safeguard line to protect their benefits. Two kinds of risks are balanced using a well-designed sampling plan. In this paper, we introduce a new variables sampling plan based on process capability index Cpmk to deal with product sentencing (acceptance determination). The proposed new sampling plan is developed based on the exact sampling distribution hence the decisions made are more accurate and reliable. For practical purpose, tables for the required sample sizes and the corresponding critical acceptance values for various producer’s risk, the consumer’s risk and the capability requirements acceptance quality level (AQL), and the lot tolerance percent defective (LTPD) are provided. A case study is also presented to illustrate how the proposed procedure can be constructed and applied to the real applications.  相似文献
8.
It has been proved that process capability indices provide very efficient measures of the capability of processes from many different perspectives. At the present time, the Cpk index is used more than any other index for measuring process capability. However, most existing research works for capability testing have focused on processes with symmetric tolerances, but not for asymmetric tolerances. A lower confidence bound estimates the minimum process capability, conveying critical information regarding product quality, which is essential to quality assurance. The sample size determination, which provides the sample sizes necessary to achieve a desired lower confidence bound, is directly related to the cost of the data collection plan. This paper provides explicit formulas with efficient algorithms to obtain the lower confidence bounds and sample sizes required for specified precision of the estimation on Cpk for processes with asymmetric tolerances. A Matlab computer program using a binary search method is developed. For the practitioners to use in their in-plant applications, we tabulate lower confidence bounds for some commonly used capability requirement and the sampling accuracy of Cpk for sample sizes determination. A realistic example of forging process is presented to illustrate the applicability of the proposed method.  相似文献
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