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We study finitely generated modules M over a ring R, noetherianon both sides. If M has finite Gorenstein dimension G-dimRMin the sense of Auslander and Bridger, then it determines twoother cohomology theories besides the one given by the absolutecohomology functors . Relative cohomology functors are defined for all non-negative integers n; they treat the modules of Gorensteindimension 0 as projectives and vanish for n > G-dimRM. Tatecohomology functors are defined for all integers n; all groups vanish if M or N has finite projective dimension. Comparisonmorphisms and link these functors. We give a self-contained treatmentof modules of finite G-dimension, establish basic propertiesof relative and Tate cohomology, and embed the comparison morphismsinto a canonical long exact sequence . We show that these results provide efficient tools for computingold and new numerical invariants of modules over commutativelocal rings. 2000 Mathematical Subject Classification: 16E05, 13H10, 18G25.  相似文献
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Ring Homomorphisms and Finite Gorenstein Dimension   总被引:2,自引:0,他引:2  
The local structure of homomorphisms of commutative noetherianrings is investigated from the point of view of dualizing complexes.A concept of finite Gorenstein dimension, which substantiallyweakens the notion of finite flat dimension, is introduced forhomomorphisms. It is shown to impose structural constraints,due to a remarkable equivalence of subcategories of the derivedcategory of all modules. An essential part of this study is the development of relativenotions of dualizing complexes and Bass numbers. It is provedthat the Bass numbers of local homomorphisms are rigid, extendinga known result for local rings. Quasi-Gorenstein homomorphismsare introduced as local homomorphisms that base-change a dualizingcomplex for the source ring into one for the target. They areshown to have the stability properties of the Gorenstein homomorphismthat they generalize. 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification:primary 13H10, 13D23, 14E40; secondary 13C15.  相似文献
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A differential module is a module equipped with a square-zero endomorphism. This structure underpins complexes of modules over rings, as well as differential graded modules over graded rings. We establish lower bounds on the class – a substitute for the length of a free complex – and on the rank of a differential module in terms of invariants of its homology. These results specialize to basic theorems in commutative algebra and algebraic topology. One instance is a common generalization of the equicharacteristic case of the New Intersection Theorem of Hochster, Peskine, P. Roberts, and Szpiro, concerning complexes over commutative noetherian rings, and of a theorem of G. Carlsson on differential graded modules over graded polynomial rings.  相似文献
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For a commutative noetherian ring R with residue field k stable cohomology modules have been defined for each nZ, but their meaning has remained elusive. It is proved that the k-rank of any characterizes important properties of R, such as being regular, complete intersection, or Gorenstein. These numerical characterizations are based on results concerning the structure of Z-graded k-algebra carried by stable cohomology. It is shown that in many cases it is determined by absolute cohomology through a canonical homomorphism of algebras . Some techniques developed in the paper are applicable to the study of stable cohomology functors over general associative rings.  相似文献
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Given a homomorphism of commutative noetherian rings ?:R→S, Daniel Quillen conjectured in 1970 that if the André-Quillen homology functors Dn(SR;−) vanish for all n?0, then they vanish for all n?3. We prove the conjecture under the additional hypothesis that there exists a homomorphism of rings ψ:S→R such that ?°ψ=idS. More precisely, in this case we show that ψ is a complete intersection at for every prime ideal  of S. Using these results, we describe all algebra retracts SRS for which the algebra TorR(S,S) is finitely generated over Tor0R(S,S)=S.  相似文献
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We prove converses of the Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg Theorem, in particular: If a commutative algebra S is flat and essentially of finite type over a noetherian ring , and the Hochschild homology HH * (S|) is a finitely generated S-algebra for shuffle products, then S is smooth over . Oblatum 27-V-1999 & 27-IX-1999 / Published online: 24 January 2000  相似文献
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